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Volunteer What does the word volunteer mean? People who help others in their community or outside their community would be called volunteers. However,

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Presentation on theme: "Volunteer What does the word volunteer mean? People who help others in their community or outside their community would be called volunteers. However,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Volunteer What does the word volunteer mean? People who help others in their community or outside their community would be called volunteers. However, they would not be called volunteers if they help their parents, other relatives or friends.

3 What is a volunteer? fight against the flood and rescue the old and the sick

4 plant trees and protect our environment

5 help the disabled

6 clean the community

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8 Teach the kids in the mountainous areas

9 Can you describe your school life in Jiangmen No. 1 Senior Middle School?

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14 Can you describe the life in P.N.G.(Papua New Guinea)?

15 Independent State of Papua New Guinea

16 Location: situated to the north of Australia Population: about 5.7 million Language: English as the official language Pidgin English as the language for communication Economy: a poor country with most people living in tribal villages and depending on subsistence farming to make a living. Education: About 85% of children start school but only about 60% of these reach Year 5

17 PNGs national flag and national emblem( ) PNGs paper currency

18 houses made of bamboo and grass

19 the tribe ( )

20 the villagers

21 Jo,a volunteer, worked in Papua New Guinea (PNG) for two years. The following photos were taken by Jo in PNG. Look at the photos and answer the questions. Pre-reading (2m)

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23 1. What was Jos job in PNG? Jo was a teacher in PNG. 2. What kind of students were in her class? Boys who were as young as we are. 3. What were the classrooms like? The classrooms are very poor, made from bamboo and grass.

24 Reading Scanning and try to divide it into four parts, and summarize what each part is about. Opening of the letter and introduction to what will be talked about in the passage. Part 1(Paragraph 1) :

25 The school where Jo worked and Jos work at school. Jo and Jenny visited Tombes home in the village. Closing of the letter. Part 2(Paragraph 2-3): Part 3 (Paragraph 4-7): Part 4 (Paragraph 8):

26 Read the passage carefully to complete the tables below! Reading carefully

27 Conditions Our school The school described in the letter Classroom s (Equipped or not) Equipped Not equipped Table 1 (about the school)

28 Students future Electricity and water (Y/N) Textbook (Y/N) Chemistry experiments (Many/few) Go to college or work Return to the villages Yes No Many Few

29 Table 2 (about the life in the village) Read Paragraph 4-7 and finish the chart Type of houses Diet Family relationships Possessions Cooking methods Agriculture Sleeping arrangement Beliefs

30 Type of housesMens hut is a ______________ with _____________________. No _______, small __________. Floor was covered with ___________. Family relationships Everyone seemed to be a ________ of Tombes. (large extended family) Cooking methods_________ are placed in an _______, then ___________ are placed in the drum, covered with ____________ and _____. low bamboo hut grass sticking out of the roof windowsdoorway fresh grass relative Hot stones oil drum vegetables banana leaves steamed

31 Sleeping arrangements Kiak usually slept in her _______. A newly made ________ for Jenny and me to sleep on. own hut platform Diet___________, _____ and ______. PossessionsI could only see a few __________ and _____ and a couple of ____. sweet potatocornsgreens tin plates cups pots AgricultureTools are very basic. There is no ___________. machinery

32 BeliefsThe villagers believe that any ________ attract _________ in the night so the food is ________ in the can and the can is then ___________ of the hut. leftoversevil spirits dried up thrown out

33 speaking

34 A volunteering teacher in Guizhou

35 ---2003

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37 Unit 4 Sharing Period 3: 41-61

38 Ex. 1 on page 32 1.adjust 2.grill 3.relevant 4.doorway 5.privilege 6.arrangement check the exercise (5m)

39 Ex. 2 on page 32 Sharon looked at herself in the mirror and sighed. Her hair was ___________ all over the place. She smoothed it down with a wet comb. She thought about the time when she had met him three months before. He was the nicest boy she had ever ____________. He had rung her often but now she hadnt __________ him for two weeks. Why not? She decided to find out. She walked down to the ________ to catch the train. She felt both excited and nervous. She was __________ see him again but what if he didnt want to see her? dying to come across heard from platform sticking out

40 which, that, who, whom, whose where, when, why

41 1. which whom 2.whose+ =the+ +of which/ of whom which that who whom whose where when

42 (1) that 1 that The first English novel that I read was A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens. 2)all, everything, nothing, something, anything that Everything that we saw in the factory greatly interested us. 3) that We were talking about the persons and things that we remembered in our school. 4) the only, the very, the right that It is the very skirt that suits me well.

43 (2) which 1) which The house in which they lived last year has been rebuilt. 2) which He bought a railway ticket for the woman, which helped her a lot.

44 (3) as 1) such, the same the same, such as Such people as you describe are rare nowadays. Would you like to buy the same pen as I have? 2) as As is well known, the earth goes around the sun.

45 (4) who those, anyone who He who does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man. Those who were either fools or unfit for their offices could not see the cloth.

46 1.I have many friends, __________ some are businessmen. A. of them B. from which C. who of D. of whom D D +

47 2. The doctor advised Vera strongly that she should take a holiday, but __________ didnt help. A. which B. it C. she D. he B B but it

48 3.If a shop has chairs ________ women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. A. that B. which C. when D. where D D chairs where

49 4.----Why does she always ask you for help? ----There is no one else ______, is there? A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn B B one that

50 5. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ________ people were eaten by the tiger. A. in which B. by which C. which D. that A A +

51 6. Do you still remember the chicken farm _______ we visited three months ago? A. in which B. by which C. which D. that C C farm visit

52 7. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, ________ the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which A A +

53 8. There were dirty marks on her trousers ______ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that A A her trousers where

54 9. ________ is reported in the newspaper, talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. That D. What B B as

55 10.Is this the only reason ______ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. that he explained B. what he explained C. why he explained D. which he explained A A the only, the very, the right that

56 Unit 4 Sharing

57 Have you ever tried to send a gift or something to the children in the poor areas or countries? Pre-reading (5m)

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60 http://www.tear.org.au/giftcatalogue /index.shtml

61 Welcome to the Worlds Most Useful Gift Catalogue, arguably the most practical response to global poverty and over- consumption. Do you ever feel that your friends and family dont really need the gifts you give them? Or, are you sick of receiving novelty gifts, when you know that so many people go without?

62 This catalogue is full of really useful gifts for people who really need them. People who work hard to overcome poverty, to build a better life for their families and their neighbours. So if youre after platters, popcorn makers and picnic sets – try another catalogue. But if you want gifts like books for a community school ($5), a goat for a family ($50), or health care for a remote village ($60), then this catalogue is for you!

63 1.What does the page show you? 2.Where is the list of gifts? 3.In what kind of order are the gifts listed? How much are cheapest and dearest gift? 4.Where is the gift card? 5.What do the photos show you? Fast reading (2m) Glance quickly at the text and answer the following questions.

64 1. What does the page show you? The page shows how to send gifts to those who need it. 2. Where is the list of gifts? On the left side of the page below the picture with a man in it.

65 3. In what kind of order are the gifts listed? How much are cheapest and dearest gift? The gifts are listed in order of the prices. 4. Where is the gift card? On the right side of the page over the picture with a lot of children in it.

66 5. What do the photos show you? The picture on the left shows a woman working on a sewing machine. The one on the right shows that many children are waiting for help to come to them.

67 1. In the Internet pages, theres a card on the right, it will be given to you when you____ A. buy something in a shop B. ask for it from a poor children C. choose from the catalogue a really useful gift for some of the worlds poorest D. come to India Detailed reading (5m) Read the text carefully and do the following exercise. C

68 2. When you want to give child vaccinations against 6 killer diseases, you must send _____ A.$50 B. $20 C.$8 D. $85 3. The purpose of the Internet Page is to ____ A.let people give an unusual gift to the poor B.let people get an unusual card C.let people learn something useful D.let people make money B A

69 4. How much are the cheapest and dearest gifts? A.$ 8 B. $ 10 C.$ 15 D. $ 5 5. You can use the card for the following occasions except _______ A.anniversaries B. birthdays C. burials D. weddings D C

70 1.This gift allows a woman who is a trained tailor to make some income, giving her and her family a better future. 2.This gift gives a man or a woman the opportunity to acquire basic reading and writing, and life skills. Adults develop the confidence to participate in the social, economic and political lives of their communities. Detailed reading (5m) On the Internet page, when you click on each gift, you get a description of that gift. In pairs, write the correct gift (A to U)from the Internet page next to each description below. N A sewing machine G Basic adult education

71 3.This gift covers the cost of production and distribution of seedlings, as well as training in tree care for the local villagers who are working hard to prevent their land from turning into desert. 4.This gift buys a goat. A goat gives milk and is a valuable income. Goats increase in number quickly and add much to a familys food and financial security. They are easy and fun for children to care for. A 20 tree seedlings J A goat for a poor family

72 5.This gift covers the cost of exercise books and textbooks for community primary schools that operate in poor or remote villages. 6.This gift gives a child a good start in life. Community schools provide good quality education for children who would otherwise have no opportunity to attend school. F Basic health-care services I One year of primary schooling

73 Imagine you and your classmates want to donate some of your pocket money to help those in need in another country. Work as a team and decide how much of your pocket money you would like to donate. What would you do with your groups donation? Do you think the gifts like those in The Worlds Most Useful Catalogue are a good idea? Give at least two reasons for your answers. Discussion (5m)

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79 Unit 4 Sharing

80 http://www.msf.org/ Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) = doctors without borders (MSF) is an international humanitarian aid organisation that provides emergency medical assistance to populations in danger in more than 70 countries.

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82 objectives: MSF is an independent humanitarian medical aid agency committed to two objectives: providing medical aid wherever needed, regardless of race, religion, politics or sex and raising awareness of the plight( ) of the people we help.

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86 ( ) in 1997 ( ) over the last few years ( ) in 1990 ( ) for six more months ( ) in the future ( ) in the 1980s ( ) for two weeks ( ) in 1992 ( ) in 2001 ( ) in two weeks time ( ) for a couple of months Listening-I (5m) In the listening, Jennifer Wells interviews Dr Mary Murray, a volunteer with Medicines Sans Frontieres (MSF). They use time expressions to talk about what has happened in Marys life. Listen to these expressions and number them in the order you hear them. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

87 1.Why did Mary decide to work in developing countries? 2.When Mary worked in a clinic in Malawi, why did the children die? 3.In the Sudan, why was it nearly impossible for Mary to get to the clinics when the rains came? 4.Why were conditions in the clinics in the Sudan challenging? 5.What was one of the effects of Marys experiences on her? Listening-II (5m) Listen to the tape again and answer the following questions.

88 1.Why did Mary decide to work in developing countries? 2.When Mary worked in a clinic in Malawi, why did the children die? Because when she worked in an African health clinic, she saw children with illnesses that could be prevented. Because they didnt have enough medicines.

89 3.In the Sudan, why was it nearly impossible for Mary to get to the clinics when the rains came? 4.Why were conditions in the clinics in the Sudan challenging? Because the roads became so muddy that they spent most of their days digging the car out. Because it could be very hot; it could be nearly impossible to get to the clinics when it rained; the clinics were very basic and the only tools she had were a stethoscope and her hands.

90 5.What was one of the effects of Marys experiences on her? She now has a much greater appreciation of life and what other people have to go through.

91 Listening-III (5m) Listen again and make note about Marys experiences in the table below. TimePlaceEvents 1980sSydneystudied medicine. Got to know two African students 1990sAfricavisited her two African friends. Because good friends with their families 1992Africavisited her two African friends and their families. Worked in their local health clinic for a couple of week TimePlaceEvents 1980sSydneystudied medicine. Got to know two African students 1990sAfricavisited her two African friends. Because good friends with their families 1992Africavisited her two African friends and their families. Worked in their local health clinic for a couple of week TimePlaceEvents 1980sSydneystudied medicine. Got to know two African students 1990sAfricavisited her two African friends. Because good friends with their families 1992Africavisited her two African friends and their families. Worked in their local health clinic for a couple of week TimePlaceEvents 1980sSydneystudied medicine. Got to know two African students 1990sAfricavisited her two African friends. Because good friends with their families 1992Africavisited her two African friends and their families. Worked in their local health clinic for a couple of week

92 TimePlaceEvents 1997Malawivolunteered with MSF. Worked with children affected by HIV/AIDS 2001Sudanconditions were very challenging because of the heat, the rains, the basic clinics NowAustraliahas returned for two weeks The future will return to the Sudan for six more months. After all, with probably return to Africa a few more times TimePlaceEvents 1997Malawivolunteered with MSF. Worked with children affected by HIV/AIDS 2001Sudanconditions were very challenging because of the heat, the rains, the basic clinics NowAustraliahas returned for two weeks The future will return to the Sudan for six more months. After all, with probably return to Africa a few more times TimePlaceEvents 1997Malawivolunteered with MSF. Worked with children affected by HIV/AIDS 2001Sudanconditions were very challenging because of the heat, the rains, the basic clinics NowAustraliahas returned for two weeks The future will return to the Sudan for six more months. After all, with probably return to Africa a few more times TimePlaceEvents 1997Malawivolunteered with MSF. Worked with children affected by HIV/AIDS 2001Sudanconditions were very challenging because of the heat, the rains, the basic clinics NowAustraliahas returned for two weeks The future will return to the Sudan for six more months. After all, with probably return to Africa a few more times TimePlaceEvents 1997Malawivolunteered with MSF. Worked with children affected by HIV/AIDS 2001Sudanconditions were very challenging because of the heat, the rains, the basic clinics NowAustraliahas returned for two weeks The future will return to the Sudan for six more months. After all, with probably return to Africa a few more times

93 Speaking (5m) With a partner, take turns to tell each other about Dr Mary Murray. Use the information you have collected from the previous two exercises. Remember to use time expressions.

94 Unit 4 Sharing

95 Speaking task Project Hope

96 Project Hope is a social welfare programme founded by China Youth Development Foundation. Its aim is to raise money to help those children in poor areas who have to leave school early only because their families cannot afford to keep them at school.

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101 Why would you …? How could you do that? Because I want to share with others … First, find some information through … The reason is that …Then …Next … Finally … Discuss in groups whether you would like to participate in Project Hope by sponsoring a child from a poor area. Give reasons to your answer. If you decided to sponsor a child, how would you do it? You may refer to the following expressions. Speaking (10m)

102 Shanshan is a 11-year-old girl from Gansu Province whose family cannot afford to keep her at school. You have just decided to sponsor her. Shanshan loves practising English. Write a short letter to her in English. The following points should be included in your letter. Writing (20m)

103 Hello Shanshan, ___________________ Yours sincerely, _____________ Introduce yourself. Say something about yourself and the things you like doing. Describe your family. Let her know you would like to hear from her. Sign your name.

104 A writing sample Hello Shanshan, Im a student of Qin Huangdao No. 1 Senior High School, Hebei Province. My English name is Steve, and I like English very much. Maybe I can help you to continue with your school. I go to school every day except on Sundays. Every morning, we have four lessons, including P.E., arts, Music. I like sports very much, especially football. Whenever Im free I would play football with my classmates. I also enjoy reading English papers, which gave me great delight, and improve my studies.

105 I have a small family. There are Father, Mother and I. Mum often cooks delicious food me. And Dad usually encourages me to study harder in order to serve the country and people better. I think so. So I work very hard a my lessons. Im looking forward to hearing from you. I want to know what you need badly so that I know what I can do for you. Dont hesitate to ask for what you want. I will try to help you. Yours sincerely, Yang Xiaoping

106 1.hear from sb. = receive a letter from sb. I look forward to hearing from you. hear about …… Have you heard about the new anticancer drug? hear of Who's he?--I've never heard of him. hear sb. do/ doing/ done

107 2. be dying to do / for sth. She is dying to go abroad. I am dying for a glass of water. be thirsty for sth. desire to do sth. have a strong desire for sth. long to do sth. long for sb. to do…

108 3. up to = as many as/ as much as He can earn up to $50,000 a year. up to 1) up until She lived at home right up to / until she got married. 2) good enough for sth. I am not sure if she is really up to that job. 3) …… Its up to her to decide whether or not to go on the course.

109 4. adapt (oneself) to … We have had to adapt quickly to the new system. When you go to a new country, you must adapt yourself to new manners and customs.

110 adapt (oneself) to to -ing be used to be related to …… lead to / devote oneself to contribute to …… access to / ( ) look forward to pay attention to give rise to be accustomed to be addicted to

111 5. come across I came across some interesting books in the room. I came across an old friend I hadnt seen for years. come about This situation should never have come about. come along How is your work come along ?

112 6. make a difference Dollars make no difference to him. I dont think it will make any difference.

113 7. wonder wonder wh- + to do …… wonder wh- / if + …… I was wondering where to spend the weekend. I wonder if you are free this afternoon. Its no wonder + (that) No wonder that he has passed the examination.

114 7. Tombes father, Mukap, led us to his house, a low bamboo hut with grass sticking out of the roof. stick out She stick out her foot and tripped him over.

115 8. The hut was dark inside so it took time for our eyes to adjust. adjust vi. He adjusted quickly to the heat of India. adjust vt. He adjusted his tie before entering the hall. adjustable adj. adjustment n.

116 9. Tombe told me that the can was heated to dry out the leftover food. They believe that any leftovers attract evil spirits in the night so the food is dried up in the can. dry out ( ) Water the plant regularly, never letting the soil dry out. dry up ( ) ( ) During the drought the river dried up. The writers long separation from social dried up his imagination.

117 10. It was such a privilege to have spent a day with Tombes family. privilege It was a privilege to make his acquaintance. privilege Only members have the privilege to use the ground. the privilege of citizenship/ equality /

118 1.ox oxen 1) sheep, fish, deer, cattle ( ), staff ( ), means ( ), crew( ) 2) o s, tomato, potato, hero Negro -es

119 3) -f, -fe -s roof-roofs ( ), chief-chiefs ( ), serf-serfs( ), belief- beliefs ( ), proof-proofs ( ) -f, -fe -ves knife-knives; wife- wives; life-lives 4) datum-data( ), phenomenon-phenomena ( ), child- children, mouse-mice

120 2. participate (+in) vi. participation n. participant n. She didnt participate in the discussion. Children are encouraged to participate in the lives of their communities.

121 3.finance (for sth.) n. financial adj., finance v. …… Finance for education comes from taxpayers. the Minister of Finance London is a financial centre. The building project will be financed by the government and public donations.

122 4. Choose from this catalogue a really useful gift for some of the worlds poorest and bring hope for a better future to a community in need. in need We are collecting money for families in need. Theres no need for sb. to do sth. Theres no need for you to come if you dont want to.


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