Presentation on theme: "Macbeth Act V Lady Macbeth has been driven mad by her sins (her guilt). She stays in her bed, rising only to sleepwalk and sleepwash, as it were."— Presentation transcript:
Macbeth Act V
Lady Macbeth has been driven mad by her sins (her guilt). She stays in her bed, rising only to sleepwalk and sleepwash, as it were.
In her sleep, she washes her hands over and over, crying “Out, damned spot! Out, I say!” (5.1.36). She talks to herself, and within earshot of her maid and a doctor, she reveals her complicity in the murders.
Macduff and Malcolm, with the English army, gather at Birnam Wood. Other Scottish lords join them to fight Macbeth’s tyranny.
Inside his castle, Macbeth prepares for battle, “sick at heart,” but nonetheless vowing to fight until his “flesh is hacked” from his bones. Those who stay with Macbeth do so only because of Macbeth’s command, not out of love for the tyrannical, murderous king.
Macbeth disregards the news of the opposing army. He learns that his wife is dead, too, probably driven to take her own life (but we are never clearly told this).
Macbeth delivers the famous soliloquy: “Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, tomorrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, day, To the last syllable of recorded time; To the last syllable of recorded time; And all our yesterdays have lighted And all our yesterdays have lighted fools fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player, player, That struts and frets his hour upon That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, the stage, And then is heard no more. It is a And then is heard no more. It is a tale tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, fury, Signifying nothing.” Signifying nothing.”
Nonetheless, Macbeth is resolute. He is confident that the forest cannot move, and that every man must be born of woman, so he thinks that he has nothing to worry about.
Malcolm orders his soldiers to cut boughs from the forest to camouflage themselves and obscure their numbers. Carrying the boughs before them, they march toward Macbeth’s army, which sits on Dunsinane Hill.
A messenger tells Macbeth something that seems unbelievable: “…I looked toward Birnam, and anon, methought, The wood began to move.” Malcolm’s soldiers are using tree boughs as camouflage.
The scouts report this to Macbeth, who immediately sees how this affects the prophecy. Birnam Wood is coming to Dunsinane Hill.
Macbeth raises the alarm and prepares to fight a battle that he now knows he will lose. One prophecy remains unfulfilled: Macbeth cannot die except at the hands of one who was not born of woman.
On the battle field, Macbeth kills Young Siward. Old Siward tells Malcolm that Macbeth will be forced to surrender without much fight since his men have defected to the other side.
In the field, Macbeth confronts and challenges Macduff. Macbeth warns Macduff that Macduff is wasting time fighting because Macbeth leads “a charmed life” and cannot be defeated by “one of woman born.”
He remains confident until he faces Macduff, who reveals he was not born normally, but was “Untimely ripped from his mother’s womb” ( ) – a Caesarian delivery when such procedures were uncommon and considered unnatural.
Despite the fact that the conditions of his defeat as foretold in the prophecies have arrived, Macbeth vows to fight to the end. Placing his shield before him, Macbeth challenges Macduff, “lay on, Macduff; And damned be him that first cries, ‘Hold, enough!’”
Macbeth valiently valiently tries to tries to defy the defy the prophecy, prophecy, but he but he cannot cannot and and Macduff Macduff kills him. kills him. Malcolm, Old Siward, Ross, and their army enter Macbeth’s castle victoriously.
Macduff enters carrying Macbeth’s head. Macduff hails Malcolm as king, points to Macbeth’s head, and announces that “the time is free.”
Giving thanks to all and inviting them to his coronation, Malcolm ends the play. Order has been restored.
And so, Macbeth’s Macbeth’s destiny is destiny is fulfilled. fulfilled. The witches are never are never wrong. wrong.
In the play Banquo’s son doesn’t become king, but we have every reason to believe that this would happen in the future. This would please James I, for whom ‘Macbeth’ was written, because it implies that he is the descendant of such a good man.