2 Brief Synopsis - Act VAt Dunsinane, Lady Macbeth has begun walking in her sleep. She enters in this state while her doctor and a waiting lady watch in horror. As she walks, unconscious of the others, she gives vent to her guilt and anguish over the crimes she and her husband have committed.Macbeth is deeply agitated over her disorder but is frenziedly preparing for the attack by the English invaders under Malcolm and the Earl of Northumberland, who have joined with rebellious Scottish forces.
3 Brief Synopsis - Act V continued … Malcolm has his soldiers cut boughs from Birnam Wood to carry as camouflage in the assault. Thus, the prophecy “Till Birnam forest comes to Dunsinane” begins to be fulfilled.Macbeth simultaneously learns that Lady Macbeth has died, possibly by suicide. In despair, he goes forth to battle and kills Young Siward, son the the Earl of Northumberland.
4 Brief Synopsis - Act V continued … Macbeth then encounters Macduff, who destroys his last confidence by admitting that he was “from his mother’s womb untimely ripp’d” – “he was not of woman born.” (caesarean) With this part of the prophesy no longer the protection it seemed, Macbeth dies at Macduff’s hands.Macduff brings the head of Macbeth to Malcolm and hails the son of the murdered Duncan as the new King of Scotland.
5 Quote 27“My way of life is fall’n into the sear, the yellow leaf, and that which should accompany old age, as honor, love, obedience, troups of friends, I must not look to have; but, in their stead, curses not loud but deep, mouth-honor, breath, which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not.”Speaker ____________________Explanation _______________________________________________MacbethHe will die early because of his evil deed. He will not have the friends and rest of old age.
6 Quote 28“She should have died hereafter; there would have been a time for such a word.”Speaker _________________________________________________Explanation ______________________________________________MacbethIf she would have died later, they would have at least had one more conversation together. OR If she would have died earlier, Lady Macbeth would have spared this pain.
7 Quote 29- MEMORIZE FOR EXTRA CREDIT “Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow creeps in this petty pace from day to day, to the last syllable of recorded time; and all out yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard no more. It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.”Speaker___________________________________________________Explanation_______________________________________________MacbethPeople live and try to make meaning of their lives, but they are just players in the game for awhile and they have no significance afterwards.
8 Quote 30“Of all men else I have avoided thee. But get thee back? My soul is too much charged with blood of thine already.”Speaker __________________________________________________Explanation _______________________________________________“Yet I will try the last. Before my body I throw my warlike shield. Lay on, Macduff!”Explanation_______________________________________________MacbethBecause he has killed his family he didn’t want to fight him.MacbethHe finds out Macduff is not born of woman and fights him in battle.
9 Study Guide Questions 1-2 Why, according to the doctor, is Lady Macbeth walking in her sleep?__________________________________________________________ _In Scene 2, what opinion of Macbeth do the Scottish lords now hold?She has a guilty conscience. “…Unnatural deeds do breed unnatural troubles.” (lines 61-62)They say he is mad, greedy, and a murderer.
10 Study Guide Questions 3-4 Describe HOW and WHY Lady Macbeth dies.__________________________________________________________Describe Macbeth’s plan for dealing with the attacking troops. He says that he would prefer to deal with the troops in a different way: why has he been forced to choose this plan instead?__________________________________________________________ _Lady Macbeth dies because of her guilt. The popular opinion is she killed herself. OR She may have slept walked off the balcony.Macbeth is forced to await the enemy in his castle because all of his troops have sided with Malcolm and Macduff and are attacking him. He would rather have met them on the battle field.
11 Study Guide Questions 5-6 In Scene 5, Macbeth describes changes in his own personality. What are those changes?__________________________________________________________In the speech in Scene 5 that begins, “Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow …” (lines 19-28) how does Macbeth describe life? What metaphors does he use?__________________________________________________________ _He no longer feels fear and his conscience has hardened with his murderous thoughts and deeds.“A walking shadow,” “a poor player,” and “a tale told by an idiot” which all refer to life. This relates to the theme of false appearance within his character.
12 Study Guide Questions 7-8 In Act IV, Scene 1, the first three apparitions shown Macbeth by the witches all referred, in reverse chronological order, to events in Act V. Find the things in Act 5 that correspond with the three apparitions in Act IV.________________________________________________________At the end of the play, what has become of Macbeth?__________________________________________________________Macbeth would fall when Birnam Wood marched; Macduff is not born of woman (no man born of woman can harm Macbeth) ; Macduff kills Macbeths. (Beware Macbeth).Macbeth dies by Macduff’s sword.
13 Act VWhat does Lady Macbeth do while walking in her sleep?__________________________________________________________What does Macbeth do when he learns of the invading English soldiers?What is the doctor’s response to Lady Macbeth’s sleepwalking?___________________________________________________________She puts on a nightgown, unlocks her closet, takes out paper, folds it and writes upon it. She then reads it and then sets it aside and returns to bed. She washes her hands “Out, damned spot!”He disregards the danger because he doesn’t know it is Birnam Wood has marched.He says she has a guilty conscience.
14 Act V continued … How does Birnam Wood come to Dunsinane Hill? __________________________________________________________ _When he hears of Lady Macbeth’s death, how does Macbeth respond?When Macbeth learns that Birnam Wood seems to be moving toward Dunsinane, he begins to suspect something about the witches. What is it?__________________________________________________________ ____The soldiers have camouflaged themselves by hiding behind Birnam wood.She would have died after the battle anyway and life has little meaning anyway.He begins to believe that the witches have played him false with ambiguous answers.
15 Act V continued …When Macbeth realizes that most of his men have deserted him, he kills a man called Young Siward.or FalseWhat was unusual about Macduff’s birth?__________________________________________________________ _Once Macbeth hears about Macduff’s birth and Macduff aggressively pursues Macbeth, what does Macbeth decide to do?TrueHe was born via caesarean birth.Macbeth goes ahead and fights Macduff.
16 Act V continued … What does Macduff do at the end of the play? __________________________________________________________ _Why does the gentlewoman in Scene 1 refuse to repeat Lady Macbeth’s sleep-talk to the doctor?Macbeth dies and gets his head cut off.Because there are no witnesses to confirm her story.
17 Study Questions 1-3 How does Macbeth try to reassure himself? __________________________________________________________ _As Macbeth’s anxiety grows, what does he command the doctor to do?Macbeth tries to reassure himself by remembering the witches prophesies.Macbeth tells the doctor to cure her. (purge her, use drugs, scour the English for a cure.
18 Study Questions 4-6Why does Macduff declare that he must kill Macbeth?__________________________________________________________ _What reward will be given to those who were loyal to Scotland’s new and lawful king?Macbeth kills Macduff’s family.The thanes and kinsmen shall be earls, the first ever in Scotland to have this title. Bring back all those who were exiled during Macbeth’s reign.
19 Study Questions 7-9 Who reveals that Lady Macbeth has hallucinations? __________________________________________________________Who reveals that Lady Macbeth is dead?Who reveals that Birnam Wood is approaching the castle?__________________________________________________________ _The Gentlewoman.Seyton.A messenger.
20 Study Questions 10-11 Who is Scotland’s new and lawful king? __________________________________________________________Who is the thane of Fife?MalcolmMacduff is the thane of Fife.
22 Act V Quiz____ 1. The gentlewoman in Scene 1 refuses to repeat Lady Macbeth’s sleep-talk to the doctor becausea. the words are mumbled and impossible to understandb. Lady Macbeth forbade her to reveal the murders to anyonec. there is no witness to confirm the truth of the gentlewoman’s wordsd. she thinks that only the doctor will believe herC
23 Act V Quiz continued …____ 2. The “damned spot” to which Lady Macbeth refers isa. Macbeth’s predicamentb. a beleaguered castlec. Birnam Woodd. Duncan’s bloodstainD
24 Act V Quiz continued …____ 3. Macbeth tries to reassure himself that Malcolm and Macduff are not a threat to himbecause theya. are far away in Englandb. do not have the military power that he hasc. have fled because of feard. are both “of woman born”D
25 Act V Quiz continued …____ 4. As Macbeth’s anxiety grows, he commands the doctor toa. let Lady Macbeth rest for a few daysb. cure Lady Macbethc. medicate Lady Macbeth with hemlockd. analyze Lady Macbeth’s ramblingB
26 Act V Quiz continued …____ 5. Macbeth’s reaction to his wife’s death shows that hea. thinks life is a meaningless path to deathb. is anguished because he cares about her deeplyc. expects to win the battle without her supportd. understands why she incited him to murder and then went madA
27 Act V Quiz continued …____ 6. Macduff declares that he must kill Macbeth becausea. the witches predicted that he wouldb. no one else can conquer Macbethc. he must avenge his family members’ murdersd. Macbeth otherwise will win the battleC
28 Act V Quiz continued …____ 7. Macbeth finally realizes that the witches and apparitionsa. told him the truthb. were figments of his imaginationc. were committed to his best interestsd. deceived him with ambiguous messagesD
29 Act V Quiz continued …____ 8. The play ends with the thanes acknowledging who as Scotland’s new and lawful king?a. Macduffb. Rossc. Donalbaind. MalcolmD
30 Act V Quiz continued …____ 9. All of the following images occur repeatedly in the play excepta. eggsb. daggersc. woodsd. childrenA
31 Act V Quiz continued …____ 10. Which of the following quotations from the play contains figurative language?a. “Look, how she rubs her hands.”b. “Of all men else I have avoided thee.”c. “Life’s but a walking shadow.”d. “Of this dead butcher and his fiendlike queen . . .”C
32 Act V Quiz continued …____ 11. reveals murders of Lady Macduff a. Seyton and the King b. Lady Macbeth ____ 12. reveals that Lady Macbeth has c. the Messenger hallucinations d. the Doctor ____ 13. reveals that Lady Macbeth is dead e. Malcolm ____ 14. reveals that Birnam Wood is approaching the castle ____ 15. reveals that his supporters will be made EarlsBDACE
33 Act V Quiz continued …16. Are the deaths of Lady Macbeth, Young Siward, and Macbeth in Act V inevitable? Choose one of these three characters. On a separate sheet of paper, write a paragraph describing the circumstances of his or her death, and explain whether you think the death was or was not inevitable and why.
34 Act V Quiz continued … Possible Answers to 16: • Young Siward dies a noble death; he is slain while fighting and is an admired, fearless Soldier.Lady Macbeth is driven mad by her guilt and dies;Macbeth hears women wailing over her death, and thenSeyton tells him the queen is dead.Macduff slays Macbeth in the field after revealing that he, Macduff, was “untimely” taken from his mother’s womb.