2 Campylobacter jejuniMost common bacterial cause of diarrhea in the U.S. especially in young children.Raw milk, untreated water, raw and undercooked meat, poultry or shellfish.Incubation period 2-5 daysRequires special conditions to grow.
3 Clostridium botulinum Soil bacterium that requires an oxygen free environment.Canned fruits and veggies, honey???Disease is due to a toxinBotox4 – 36 hr incubationCauses paralysis
4 Clostridium perfringens Similar to C. botulinum but less severe.Meat and meat products8-12 hour incubationAbdominal pain and diarrheaAlso causes gas gangrene
5 Escherichia coli O157:H7 One of hundreds of strains of E. coli. Produces a deadly toxin that causes severe cramps and bloody diarrhea.Meat (i.e raw hamburger), uncooked produce, raw milk, unpasteurized juice, contaminated water.
6 Listeria monocytogenes Can grow at refrigerator temperatureRefrigerated, ready to eat foods, raw dairy products48 – 72 hr incubationFever, headache. Fatigue diarrhea.Can cause meningitis and miscarriages
7 Salmonella enteritidis One of thousands of strains of SalmonellaRaw and undercooked eggs, raw meat, poultry, seafood, raw milk, dairy and produceGet into eggs before the shell is formed.12-72 hour incubationDiarrhea, fever and cramps.
8 Salmonella typhimurium Similar to S. enteritidis“Emerging” pathogenMultidrug resistant strains are common – DT104Related to S. typhi – Typhoid Mary
9 Shigella Only carried by humans and easily spread via food. Salads, milk, dair, ground beef, poulty and unclean water1-7 day incubationDiarrhea, fever, cramps, vomiting, bloody stoolsOne species causes dysentery
10 Staphylococcus aureus Common skin bacteriumProduces a fast acting toxinDairy products, salads, cream filled pastries and desertsIncubation as little as 30 minutesNausea, cramps, vomiting, diarrhea
11 Vibrio cholera Marine and freshwater bacterium Severe and often deadly illnessRaw and undercooked seafood and contaminated water6 hr to 5 day incubationSevere diarrhea and vomiting. Loss of body fluid leads to shock and death.
12 Vibrio vulnificus Similar to V. cholera Less severe illness and less common but underreportedRaw fish and shellfish – raw oysters
13 Yersinia enterocolitica Yersiniosis, diarrhea and/or vomitingRaw meat and seafood, dairy, produce, untreated water1-2 day incubationRelated to the bacterium that causes plague