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Situation Monitoring “Attention to detail is one of the most important details ...” –Author Unknown ®

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Presentation on theme: "Situation Monitoring “Attention to detail is one of the most important details ...” –Author Unknown ®"— Presentation transcript:

1 Situation Monitoring “Attention to detail is one of the most important details ...” –Author Unknown

2 Objectives Define situation monitoring Define cross-monitoring
Discuss the components of the STEP process Define situation awareness (SA), and identify conditions that undermine SA Discuss the importance of a shared mental model Discuss when to share information Recognize the barriers, tools, strategies, and outcomes of situation monitoring

3 Scenario Mary, a nursing home resident, falls while attempting to ambulate independently. She suffers a head laceration and a possible fractured hip. The nursing assistant, charge nurse, and supervisor all respond to Mary’s call for help. Diane, the supervisor, completes her assessment. She directs Ann, the nursing assistant, to retrieve 4x4 gauze from the treatment cart and Jerri, the charge nurse, to maintain c-spine precautions until EMS arrives. Noticing her confused expression, Diane tells Jerri, “Place one hand on each side of Mary’s head and keep it in straight alignment with her spine.”


5 A Continuous Process Situation Monitoring (Individual Skill)
Situation Awareness (Individual Outcome) Shared Mental Model (Team Outcome)

6 Situation Monitoring (Individual Skill)
Process of actively scanning behaviors and actions to assess elements of the situation or environment Fosters mutual respect and team accountability Provides safety net for team and resident Includes cross-monitoring … Remember, engage the resident whenever possible.

7 Cross-Monitoring is… Process of monitoring the actions of other team members for the purpose of sharing the workload and reducing or avoiding errors Mechanism to help maintain accurate situation awareness Way of “watching each other’s back” Ability of team members to monitor each other’s task execution and give feedback during task execution Mutual performance monitoring has been shown to be an important team competency. (McIntyre and Salas, 1995)

8 Cross-Monitoring Hi, I’m here to change the dressing on your buttock.
That resident has C diff. The treatment nurse should be wearing precaution gear. Should I say something?

9 Components of Situation Monitoring:

10 Status of the Resident Resident History Vital Signs Medications
Physical Exam Plan of Care Psychosocial Condition

11 Team Members Fatigue Workload Task Performance Skill Level
Stress Level

12 I’M SAFE Checklist I = Illness M = Medication S = Stress
A = Alcohol and Drugs F = Fatigue E = Eating and Elimination An individual team member’s responsibility …

13 Environment Facility Information Administrative Information
Human Resources Acuity of Residents and Team Members’ Assignments Equipment

14 Progress Toward Goal Status of team’s resident(s)? Goal of team?
Tasks/actions that are completed or that need to be done? Plan still appropriate?

15 Situation Monitoring Recollect examples of situation monitoring, in which you needed to— Be aware of what was going on Prioritize and focus on different elements of the situation Share this information with others Select one or two that best represent the concept of situation monitoring Share

16 Situation Awareness is…
The state of knowing the current conditions affecting the team’s work Knowing the status of a particular event Knowing the status of the team’s residents Understanding the operational issues affecting the team Maintaining mindfulness

17 Conditions That Undermine Situation Awareness (SA)
Failure to— Share information with the team Request information from others Direct information to specific team members Include resident or family in communication Use resources fully (e.g., status board, automation) Document

18 A Shared Mental Model is…
The perception of, understanding of, or knowledge about a situation or process that is shared among team members through communication. “Teams that perform well hold shared mental models.” (Rouse, Cannon-Bowers, and Salas, 1992)

19 Shared Mental Model?

20 Practical Exercise Gloria Valdez New admission 87 years old
Dementia diagnosis Confused, anxious since admission Involved daughter

21 How Shared Mental Models Help Teams
Help ensure that teams know what to expect, so if necessary, can regroup to get on the “same page” Foster communication to ensure care is synchronized Ensure that everyone on the team has a picture of what it should look like Enable team members to predict and anticipate better Create commonality of effort and purpose “ Shared mental models help teams avoid errors that place patients at risk.”

22 What Do You See?

23 When To Share? Briefs Huddles Debriefs Transitions in Care
... Share information as soon as possible when a change occurs in the resident’s status.

Hierarchical Culture Lack of Resources or Information Ineffective Communication Conflict Time Distractions Workload Fatigue Misinterpretation of Data Failure To Share Information TOOLS and STRATEGIES Brief Huddle Debrief OUTCOMES Situation Awareness Shared Mental Model Adaptability Team Orientation Mutual Trust STEP Cross- Monitoring

25 Teamwork Actions Conduct team exercises to increase situation monitoring skills Share information in a timely fashion Include resident and/or family in communication Use cross-monitoring Apply the STEP process when monitoring the situation Foster communication to ensure that all members of the team have a shared mental model Share information during briefs, team huddles, debriefs, and transitions in care “Teams do not seek consensus; they seek the best answer.” –Katzenbach and Smith

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