Creations of United Nations By: Yesi Cordero HR 3 1/26/2010
What? It is an international organization. The Charter was signed on June 26, 1945. One of the purpose is to develop a friendly relations among nations. Based on the equality of all members. Respect for Human Rights, example race, religion, etc.
Who? 50 countries signed the Charter. Poland signed it late making the total of 51 countries. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt made the term “United Nations” to refer to the Allies on January 1, 1942 during World War II, even though he wasn’t there to see it. He died April 12, 1945. Eleanor Roosevelt thought the UN was the best hope for lasting peace.
When? It was international, made up of 191 states established in 1945. Almost all countries are members. Signed the Declaration by the United Nations on January 1, 1942. On 1946 the UNICEF was formed to help children in Europe after World War II.
Born-January 26, 1880 Died-April 5,1964 Was a United States General, United Nations General, West Point graduate, and a Field Marshall of the Pilipino Army. Received Medal of Honor in early services Led the United Nations command forces defending South Korea from the attacking North Koreans He fought in world war I, World War II and the Korean war Harry S. Truman took Douglas MacArthur out of command for disagreeing with His Korean War Policy
Why was he important??? Fought in three major He fought in world war I, World War II and the Korean war He is one of only five men to reach rank of General of the Army Known as the American soldier/general who quote on quote said “I shall return” In-listed in army in 1903 until the 1940’s
Douglas MacArthur Fought in three wars Died at age 84 General of the Army
Foreign awards Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Military Division of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath British Pacific Star French Legion d'honneur Grande Croix (Grand Cross)French Legion d'honneur French Croix de Guerre with PalmFrench Croix de Guerre French Medaille Militaire Belgian Grand Cross Order of the Crown Belgian Croix de Guerre Belgian Order of the Cross Philippine Medal of Valor Philippine Legion of Honor, Degree of Chief CommanderPhilippine Legion of Honor Philippine Defense Medal with one bronze campaign starPhilippine Defense Medalcampaign star Philippine Liberation Medal with two bronze campaign starsPhilippine Liberation Medal Philippine Independence Medal Philippine Presidential Unit Citation Czechoslovakian Order of the White Lion Polish Virtuti Militari Polish Grand Cross of Polonia Restituta Grand Cross Netherlands Order of Orange-Nassau Yugoslavian Order of the White Eagle Japanese Order of the Rising Sun Republic of Korean Presidential Unit Citation Korean Grand Cross of the Order of Military Valour and Merit Korean War Service Medal (posthumous)Korean War Service Medal Knight Grand Cross of Military Order of Italy Italian War Cross Chinese Special Grand Cordon Order of Pao Ting (Precious Tripod) Order of Mexican Military Merit
Awards/Medals cont… Medal of Honor Distinguished Service Cross with two oak leaf clusters Distinguished Service Crossoak leaf clusters Army Distinguished Service Medal with four oak leaf clusters Navy Distinguished Service Medal Army Distinguished Service Medaloak leaf clusters Navy Distinguished Service Medal Silver Star six oak leaf clusters, represented by one silver and one bronze oak leaf cluster Distinguished Flying Cross Silver Staroak leaf clusters Distinguished Flying Cross Bronze Star with Valor device Bronze StarValor device Presidential Unit Citation six oak leaf clusters, represented by one silver and one bronze oak leaf cluster Air Medal Presidential Unit Citationoak leaf clusters Air Medal Purple Heart with one oak leaf cluster Philippine Campaign Medal Mexican Service Medal Purple Heartoak leaf cluster Philippine Campaign Medal Mexican Service Medal World War I Victory Medal with five battle clasps (Aisne-Marne, Champagne-Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne and Defensive Sector) Army of Occupation of Germany Medal American Defense Service Medal with “Foreign Service” clasp World War I Victory Medalbattle clasps Army of Occupation of Germany Medal American Defense Service Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two silver service stars and arrowhead device World War II Victory Medal Army of Occupation Medal with “Japan” clasp National Defense Service Medal posthumously eligible for bronze oak leaf cluster Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medalservice starsarrowhead device World War II Victory Medal Army of Occupation Medal National Defense Service Medal Korean Service Medal with three bronze service stars and arrowhead device United Nations Service Medal Korean Service Medal United Nations Service Medal Command Aviator Badge Army General Staff Identification Badge Fourteen Overseas Service BarsOverseas Service Bars Expert Badge with Rifle and Pistol barsExpert Badge http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Service_summary_of_Douglas_MacArthur#Award s_and_decorations
Pow camps description Five compounds separated by barbed wire fences. The main camp (Vorlager) included the infirmary, food and clothing storerooms. Compounds (Lagers) A, B & C contained Americans only. Compound D contained Americans and British. Men were housed in wooden huts, each hut containing 200 men. Most huts had three- tiered beds but some had no beds and men slept on the floor. None of the huts were properly heated. Latrine facilities were inadequate and there were no shower baths. There were two barbed wire fences ten feet high surrounding the camp. Between the two fences was another fence of rolled wire about four feet high. Fifty feet inside the wire fences was a warning wire. Prisoners could be expected to be shot if they crossed the warning wire. Posted at close intervals were armed guard towers with search lights. Guards with dogs patrolled the perimeters.
Interrogations Each prisoner was held in solitary confinement for a limited period of time - usually four or five days. During rush periods as many as five men were held in a cell. The interrogators used various methods in an effort to obtain operational information from the captured airmen. Most POWs gave only the information required by the Geneva Convention - Name, rank and serial number. After interrogation the men were sent to a transit camp and then to their established POW camp.
Escaping pow camp Escape attempts were started soon after Stalag 3 was established and reached a scale that was hardly reached by any of the other German POW camps. Numerous tunnels were started in the East and Center compounds and eventually in the North (British) and South (American) compounds. Most were soon discovered by the Germans. Almost everyone in all compounds were involved in one way or another in escape attempts. The major escape took place in the North (British) compound on 24 March 1944. It became known as "The Great Escape." A tunnel 336 feet in length, 30 feet below ground level, was constructed. Eighty prisoners made their way out and only three made it back to Great Britain. The rest were recaptured. Fifty of the escapees were executed by Gestapo firing squads.
Pow camps They were camps for prisoners of war. Many attempts to escape but only few made it out. The camps were not vary sanitary and clean.
The Creation of the United Nations 1945 By Kaitlyn Sampson
President Franklin D. Roosevelt The Axis Countries Representatives of 50 different countries China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany
The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945 The name "United Nations", made by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was first used in the "Declaration by United Nations" of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers. In 1899, the first International Peace Conference was held in The Hague to elaborate instruments for settling crises peacefully, preventing wars and codifying rules of warfare.
In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland, which was not represented at the Conference, signed it later and became one of the original 51 member states. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year. (Continued)
United Nations Flag Germany Flag Many different countries had people in the Creation of the United Nations
President Franklin D. Roosevelt United States FlagChina FlagFrance Flag Deng XiaopingCharles de Gaulle
The Creation of the United Nations Was officially named by President Franklin D. Roosevelt The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year. In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries Own Knowledge http://www.un.org/ab outun/unhistory/
What Happened? Americans fought the Japanese at the two islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa which were both known as bloodbaths. The Americans won both battles but at a heavy loss losing over 19,000 men and having over 57,000 causalities.
Iwo Jima The Americans main object on Iwo Jima was to capture two airfields but the Japanese were dug in deep using bunkers and tunnels that went beneath the island. Even though the Japanese had the home field advantage, the Americans outgunned,outmanned and out planed the Japanese. Most people said it was a sure victory and they were correct. The Americans bombarded the island with bomber planes and battle ships killing very little Japanese soldiers. Then they sent soldiers with flamethrowers to clear the tunnels and trenches which wiped most of them out 5 American soldiers raising the flag on Mount Suribachi
Okinawa Okinawa was also known as Operation Iceberg. The Americans wanted to take Okinawa to use it as a base of operations for the main assault on Japan. Japanese were dug in like they were in Iwo Jima but they had hundreds of kamikaze planes to attack the US navy killing about 1,000 sailors. The US lost more than 12,000 troops and had 57,000 causalities. It was one of the most deadly battles of World War 2.
Why is this important to WW2. It led to the downfall of the Japanese empire and the American Victory in Japan and its islands.
Japanese defeat at Iwo Jima and Okinawa Japan and the US were involved Iwo Jima and Okinawa are both Japanese islands The US won both battles. Japan lost over 200,000 troops in these to battles Japanese forces had underground caves which gave them the advantage on the battlefield Us navy bombarded both islands wiping ou their outer defenses
D-Day D-Day was held on June 6 th, 1944 It was held during the time of WWII Many countries were held on this event. They had allied troops just as well as they had enemy troops.
Countries Some allied countries were United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Free France, Poland, and Norway. Enemy forces was just Germany.
Germany Germany had been ready for this war. They have been prepared, they new that allies would invade France to carry the ground war into Germany.
The U.S. had first set a plan to head to Omaha Beach. But they had made changes and 160,000 troops landed on a 50 mile long stretch of French coastlines to fight the Nazi troops. They fought on the beaches of Normandy, France. They had more than 5,000 ships and 13,000 aircraft support on D-day.
The United Kingdom also helped out on June 6 th of 1944. They helped the allies a lot with defeating Germany. They now are Great Britain and are part of Northern Ireland.
Canada On D-Day Canada had landed 14,000 troops onto Juno Beach. During the d- day they had Royal Canadian Air Force which attacked key enemy targets.
Other allies of the U.S. were Norway, Poland, and Free France. During the war they helped out a whole lot in battle against Germany. Free France continues fighting the axis forces after France surrendered to Germany. Norway is a county of Northern Europe. Their capital’s name is Oslo. Poland is a country in central Europe. Their Capitol is Warsaw.
Days end of June 6 th, 1944 By the End of, June 6 th, 1944 they had a lot of troops wounded and dead. There were 9,000 troops either wounded or that had died. But more than 100,000 troops began to march across Europe.
D-Day It all started on June 6 th, 1944 Germany finally surrendered on May8th, 1945 and that had ended D-day More than 9,000 troops of the allies fought on D- day 3,546 German’s fought on D-day against the allied troops.
Who? Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York, on January 30, 1882. Democrat like his father, tried politics in 1910 and won a seat in the New York State Senate from his traditionally Republican home district. In 1914, Roosevelt sought nomination as a candidate for the U.S. Senate.
What? Roosevelt was inaugurated March 4, 1933inaugurated March 4, 1933 FDR did a a lot, including bring the Americans out of Depression sending troops to fight in WWII after Pearl Harbor. FDR died before the end of WWII it was Harry Truman who ended it by dropping the Atomic bomb on Japan.
Where-When? Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York, on January 30, 1882. Roosevelt was inaugurated March 4, 1933inaugurated March 4, 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the only President to break the two term tradition for the Presidency. He went all the way to 4 terms On April 12, 1945, at Warm Springs, Georgia, a cerebral hemorrhage took his life.
Why? Franklin Roosevelt was important during the war because he sent troops to attack and start World War II after Pearl Harbor attack. The fact that the war had come from the west, not the east, was unexpected, however. Indeed, 265 American aircraft were lost, 2,403 men were killed, and 1,178 were wounded at Pearl Harbor. The Japanese lost only twenty-nine aircraft and fifty-five men. On December 8, FDR asked Congress to declare war against Japan.
Franklin D Roosevelt Declared War On Japan! inaugurated March 4, 1933 inaugurated March 4, 1933 Democrat like his father FDR did a a lot, including bring the Americans out of Depression
What happened? Code talking was used to talk to each other without your enemies knowing what you are talking about.
Who was involved? There are more than 17 tribes that gave Code Talker contributions to the war. The native Americans spoke the Navajo language The main tribe was the Navajo tribe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ChoctawCoders.jpg
When did this happen? This happened during World War I and during World War II The first use of Native Americans in the American military to transmit messages was a group of Cherokee troops September 1918
Where did it happen? This happened during world war I and world war II The code talkers were in America trying to communicate without the Japanese knowing what they were saying
Why is this important to WWII? This is important to World War II because… The Native Americans could talk to each other in the Navajo language. This allows them to translate to each other without the enemies understanding what they are saying.
Location of Rebuilding Japan Hiroshima and Nagasaki are two cities in most need of rebuilding
Who Was Involved Japan’s citizens Emperor Hirohito New leaders
When It Happened After World War II in Japan, i.e., 1945 to 1949
What Happened Organized gift givings for American and Japanese children to interact with each other 1947, Japanese Constitution replaces imperial sovereignty with popular sovereignty, creating a new Supreme Court banning aggressive war 1948, food production increases after shortages Civil Rights grants rights of inheritance to women and younger sons Criminal Rights places emperor on same level as citizens, gave legal protection to those accused of crimes, and decriminalized adultery 1949, first public coop for many homeless in Tokyo Political prisoners released Many leaders of the war are either executed or jailed Laws restricting basic human rights are rescinded Entertainment and literature not controlled by government
Why It’s Important to WWII Japan and America begin to interact and Japan becomes a normal place for citizens once again
Rebuilding In Japan War leaders executed & jailed 1945 to 1949 New laws and constitution created Enemies begin to interact Political prisoners released Shortages treated Internet Common Knowledge
Development of the Atomic Bomb When? August 2 nd, 1939- August 9 th, 1945
Little Boy A single B-29 bomber named Enola Gay flew over Hiroshima, Japan, on Monday, Aug. 6, 1945, at 8:15 am. The untested uranium-235 gun-assembly bomb, nicknamed Little Boy, was airburst 580 meters (1,900 feet) above the city to maximize destruction; it was later estimated to yield 15 kilotons. Two-thirds of the city area was destroyed. And about 78,150 to 102,000 were killed as a result of the bomb.
Fat Man “Fat Man” is the codename for the atomic bomb that was detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, by the United States on August 9, 1945, at 11:02 (JSP). It was the second of the only two nuclear weapons to be used in warfare and was the third man-made nuclear explosion. The name also refers more generically to the early nuclear weapon designs of U.S. weapons based on the "Fat Man" model. It was an implosion-type weapon with a plutonium core, similar to the Trinity device tested only a month earlier in New Mexico.
Where? Developed in America Used in Nagasaki and Hiroshima, Japan
Who was Involved? Members of the Manhattan Project Citizens of Japan Citizens of America Other countries involved in World War II
How Many People Died? No one knows for sure, but there were many surveys. 78,150-The Hiroshima police study 102,000- The Manhattan Engineer District survey
Thinking Map The Development and Use of the Atomic Bombs August 2 nd, 1939- Started developing the bombs September 1, 1939- World War II begins August 6 th, 1945- Bomb dropped on Hiroshima August 9 th, 1945- Bomb dropped on Nagasaki