Main Ethnic Groups: English Main Religions: Christian Christian (Roman Catholic & Protestant) Muslim Hindu Other None
The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The temperature varies with the seasons seldom dropping below −11 °C (12 °F) or rising above 35 °C (95 °F). The prevailing wind is from the south-west and bears frequent spells of mild and wet weather from the Atlantic Ocean, although the eastern parts are mostly sheltered from this wind—as the majority of the rain falls over the western regions the eastern parts are therefore the driest. Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream, bring mild winters; especially in the west where winters are wet and even more so over high ground. Summers are warmest in the south-east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north. Heavy snowfall can occur in winter and early spring on high ground, and occasionally settles to great depth away from the hills. [ [
Major sports, including association football, rugby league, rugby union, rowing, boxing, badminton, cricket, tennis, darts and golf, originated or were substantially developed in the United Kingdom and the states that preceded it. A 2003 poll found that football is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom. In most international competitions, separate teams represent England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland usually field a single team representing all of Ireland, with noteable exceptions including at the Commonwealth Games and association football. In sporting contexts, these teams can be referred to collectively as the Home Nations. However there are occasions where a single sports team represents the United Kingdom, including at the Olympics where the UK is represented by the Great Britain team. London was the site of the 1908 and 1948 Olympic Games, and in 2012 became the first city to play host for a third time.
Science and technology England was one of the leading centres of the Scientific Revolution from the 17th century and the United Kingdom led the Industrial Revolution from the 18th century, and has continued to produce scientists and engineers credited with important advances. Major theorists from the 17th and 18th centuries include Isaac Newton, whose laws of motion and illumination of gravity have been seen as a keystone of modern science, from the 19th century Charles Darwin, whose theory of evolution by natural selection was fundamental to the development of modern biology.
Tower Bridge was built in 1 886 and is an iconic symbol of London.
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire it is one of the most famous stone-age sites in the world. Archaeologists believe the stone monument was constructed anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC.
Famous writers: William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens… Famous Musicians and bands: Oasis, Blur, Coldplay, The Beatles..
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