Presentation on theme: "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland."— Presentation transcript:
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Contents: 3-4. Geography 5. Climate 6. Parts of the UK 7. England 8. Scotland 9. Wales 10.Northern Ireland 11-13. Symbols 14. Language 15.Capital 16. Royal Family 17. London and its sights 18. Famous universities 19.Customs and traditions 20. Holidays 21. Sport.
GEOGRAPHY Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales. It’s an island. It’s situated in the west of Europe. It’s washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. There are a lot of rivers and lakes, valleys and forests, rocks and hills. Its landscape is very picturesque. The weather is usually wet and foggy. Great Britain has borders with France, Ireland and other European countries.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of 2 large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about 5000 small islands. The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The Irish Sea the English Channel
Climate temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
The UK consists of 4 parts: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland
SYMBOLS The flag of Great Britain is red, white and blue. The British people call it “the Union Jack” The coat of arms of Great Britain has a crown on the shield, because it’s a monarchy. The shield is supported by the English lion and by the Unicorn of Scotland.
FLAGS The UK Scotland Wales Northern Ireland England
the symbol of England is the red rose the symbol of Wales is the daffodil the symbol of Scotland is the thistle the symbol of Northern Ireland is the shamrock
The official language of the UK is English. Other languages include the Сeltic languages – Welsh, Scottish, Irish.
THE ROYAL FAMILY The queen of Great Britain is Elizabeth the Second. Her official residence is the Buckingham Palace. The palace was built in the 18 th century. Her elder son is Charles. Charles also has two sons, William and Harry.
London and its sights The Tower Bridge was opened in 1893. Its towers are 65 metres. The Tower of London is famous for its ravens, they’ve lived here for 900 years. The Crown will fall, if the ravens leave the Tower. Big Ben is the most famous symbol of London.
Two of the world’s famous universities of the UK are Oxford and Cambridge Universities, which produced many famous scientists and engineers, including Newton and Darwin.
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS These customs are really English. Halloween is celebrated on the 31 st of October, it’s already well-known in Russia. Another old English custom is Guy Fawkes’ Day, it’s also known as Bonfire Night. It’s on the 5 th of November. Children burn the guy. People watch the fireworks and go to the parties.
Christmas is celebrated all around the world. British people like it too, they have it on the 25 th of December. The main character is Santa Claus. Children get a lot of presents and sing Christmas carols. Easter Day is the high point of the year. Easter eggs are important in Britain too. Children believe that Easter Rabbit hides the eggs in the garden. Traditional food is roast lamb. HOLIDAYS
Popular kinds of sport in the UK are football (soccer), golf, boxing, rugby, tennis.
Презентация выполнена Сергеевой Т.И., учителем английского языка МОУ гимназии №9 г. Волгограда