Presentation on theme: "Keeping the Peace Museum of the Regiments Remembrance Program."— Presentation transcript:
Keeping the Peace Museum of the Regiments Remembrance Program
Introduction Remembrance Day: Is commemorated in Canada and many others countries in the world on 11th November every year. Formerly called Armistice Day 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. Has become a day when we remember all men and women who have given their lives in the service of peace.
What is Remembrance Day About? To remember those who were killed in war. To reflect upon those that suffered and sacrificed as a result of war. To pay our respects to the courage and devotion of the brave men and women who served our country. To know why we can live in peace and freedom today. To learn about war and value peace. To understand Canada’s achievements. WWI Soldiers Marching Gunner Montgomery at vehicle gate
WORLD WAR I: How Did It Start? World War One broke out for a number of reasons, but the underlying factors were: nationalism, petty jealousies and greed. Alliances had been formed during the rush to create colonies. Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary (Axis powers) fought the Entente Cordiale (France, Russia and Great Britain). When Archduke Ferdinand II was assassinated, these players were plunged into war.
Why Canada Became Involved. In 1914, Canada entered into the war as a Dominion of Great Britain. Canadians did not have a choice, but most believed that Britain's Cause was just. Canada went to war to help our friends and allies.
What Did Canada Prove? Our soldiers were impressive. They earned Canada the right to decide our own destiny as an independent nation. Canada was a signatory to the Peace Treaty. Our soldiers were professionals and earned a reputation on the field that was second to none.
The Impact. All countries "lost" a generation of young men. Women gained the vote in some nations. Russia had a revolution and established a Communist Government. Governments found efficient ways of organising and improving health and welfare systems. And sadly, World War One left things unresolved in Europe and led to the outbreak of World War II. Over 180,000 Canadians were casualties, and of them, over 60,000 were killed in action.
WORLD WAR II At the end of WWI, people believed that war was gone for good. They were wrong. After the Peace Treaty (Treaty of Versailles) had been signed, border changes were still being argued. Germany had been disarmed and limited to a force of 100,000 men, but were ignoring the Treaty. All nations had suffered the costs of war. However, nations could not allow Hitler to overrun Europe and found themselves at war again.
Why Did Canada Become Involved? Canada declared war on Germany on September 19, 1939 on the Allied side. Canadians had strong emotional ties to Britain and the Queen. Canada felt that she should assist the "mother country". Canadians felt a moral and ethical need to fight for freedom and peace. In Sicily Convoy from Halifax Saying good-bye
The Impact? What was the result or impact of the six years of fighting? Over 20,000 million people were killed, millions more were displaced, disturbed, uprooted. Europe was in ruins. Colonial Empires were lost. The Cold War originated as Russia and communism expanded into Eastern Europe. NATO was formed to combat the Cold War. The United Nations was born.
WWII’s Impact On Canada Canada suffered over 100,000 casualties. 30,000 were killed in action. Our industry produced ships, planes and tanks, food rations and other items such as clothing and manufactured products. Thousands of airmen from the commonwealth countries were trained in Canada. Women’s place in society changed dramatically as a result of their introduction into the work force. German POWs were held in prison camps in Canada. Canada played a key role in the formation of both NATO and the UN organizations.
KOREA:1950-1953 After WWII, Canada’s armed forces were reduced to a small cadre. When the cold war and the Korean Conflict began, they were increased to over 120,000. In four years, we suffered over 1,500 casualties of which over 500 were killed in action. Canada sent over 26,000 troops to assist the United Nations in Korea.
Korean Snapshots 7 November 1950, Canada sent 1 Infantry Brigade, 1 Field Artillery Regiment, 1 Armoured Squadron and Supporting Units. 20 countries were involved in the UN action for North and South Korea. 2nd Battalion PPCLI received the Presidential Citation for their gallantry at Kapyong. PPCLI Marching Trench Digging
PEACEKEEPING Since 1948, Canadians have been involved in every peacekeeping operations of the United Nations. Peacekeeping can involve the supervision of truce and cease fire agreements, establishing patrols and observation posts to monitor agreements. Our soldiers fill a humanitarian role by providing food and shelter and medical assistance. No two missions are the same due to different conditions that have to be faced in each new conflict.
Why is Canada involved in Peacekeeping? Peacekeeping is a main role of the Canadian Forces. Canada has chosen peace keeping as our contribution to world peace and security. Our first casualty occurred in 1950. Since the first mission in the Sinai in 1956, Canadians earned an international reputation for being objective and impartial. Canadian troops are actually requested to participate now because of this reputation. Canada’s willingness to commit its troops and pay the costs are also factors in our acceptability. Canadians enjoy the prestige and influence from our involvement. Peacekeeping has allowed us to have an important voice in the world affairs in organizations such as the United Nations.
Why Send Canadian Peacekeepers? To assist two opposing factions and have them agree to stop fighting. To prevent a small incident from escalating into fighting. Canadians are noted for their objectivity. To allow the two sides to use negotiation and diplomacy to resolve their differences.
Peace Enforcement. More recently Canadian troops have been involved in peace enforcement missions. Somalia and Bosnia are examples. In this situation, warring factions may not have agreed to a cease fire and the UN troops are required to use force to stop fighting. The most recent peace enforcement operation in Bosnia/Kosovo involves over 1,300 Canadian Forces personnel. These missions are difficult and dangerous operations and a number of our soldiers have been wounded and killed.
The Sacrifice of Peacekeeping Canada needs to maintain a well trained military that can be easily and readily deployed to various hot spots in the world. Canadians benefit from our peace keeping commitments because “Canada's best defence, is world peace and security”. Over 100 Canadians have died on peace keeping missions since 1957. Remembrance Day is a time when we can reflect on what our modern day soldiers are doing to preserve world peace.
A Dying Wish A song unsung, a story untold, For you my comrades, my thoughts unfold. Increase the peace, you blue beret, the children must see, the light of day. Oh those Peace-Keepers strong and true, with honour and pride, wearing blue. I am at peace, once again, I’m up above and I feel no pain. To serve and protect, promise you’ll do, remember my name and I’ll watch over you. Now that I’m gone, a final plea, A single wish, don’t do this for me. Do not stand at my grave and weep, I am not there, I do not sleep. I am the peace you soldiers shed, Into every heart, into every head. Do not stand at my stone and cry I am not there, I did not die. Cpl Patlock
CONCLUSION In conclusion we have learned about the significance of Remembrance Day. That November the 11th is the day that we take the time to honour and pay our respects to those who died in war, and those serving today in the many peace keeping missions throughout the world. We gather at cenotaphs and war memorials to thank those who made it possible for us to live in peace and security today and enjoy our freedom. We have learned of the world respect that we have gained from our involvement in peace keeping. We must remember that peacekeepers have lost their lives as well.
This Memorial was dedicated to those Canadians who gave their lives in the service of peace. UNPROFOR Croatia, United Nations Protection Force, Sector West, CANBAT 1 We Must Remember All Who Have Served