Presentation on theme: "Football Canada Official Certification Program"— Presentation transcript:
1Football Canada Official Certification Program Level 1
2Lesson 1 Introduction Why We Need You (Officials)
3Introduction Why We Need You (Officials) topics History of OfficiatingStructure of Football Officiating In Canada1) Football Canada2) Canadian Football Officials Association - CFOA3) Officials Technical Committee - OTC4) Provincial Associations5) Local FOA sFootball Canada Officials’ Certification Program-FCOCP1) Aims2) FCOCP Certificationii) Requirements3) FCOCP progressioni) LevelsRoles played by an OfficialVideo – You Have to Love it When they BooQualities of a Competent official
4A brief History of Officiating “Officials” and other “intermediaries” are part of the history of sportsOfficials have been an accepted component of every sport competition on recordThe following excerpt dates from the 14th century, “All things are reduced to nothingness and uncertainty without a ruler (official)”The word “referee” is an extension of “REFER” and is defined as follows “to submit to an authority for consideration, help, decision and action.”The one referred to could be anyone appointed of selected by the sport body involved.The terms of reference applied to “officials” in circles of law have been passed down to “officials” in sport competitions. The latter interpret and apply the “laws” of the game
5A brief History of Officiating continued England was the first nation to recognize the need for sport “officials”.Their introduction into sport occurred during the early 1800’s when it accepted that competitions, which were hotly contested, should be under the jurisdiction of a third party.Some 20 years later, “officials” were introduced into North American sports
6Structure of Football Officiating in Canada Football CanadaCFOAOTCProvincial AssociationsLocal FOA
7Football Canada Official’s Certification Program (FCOCP) Aims Standardization ofPositioningMechanicsRules KnowledgeRules InterpretationRules Application2 National Recognition3 Improve Image of Officials4 Improve Confidence
8FCOCP Certification Levels Level INew Official – Sides – Minor & H.S.Level IISides – Minor & H.S.Umpire – Minor & H.S.Level IIIReferee – Minor & H.S.Introduction to 5 – Official System – Back Umpire – H.S.Level IVWork any Positions – Minor & H.S.Introduction to 6 – Official System – CIS & CJFL ( Use a 7 official crew as the CFL)
9Certification Requirements Theory Clinic (s)Written ExaminationsOn Field EvaluationData to Football CanadaCertification MaintenanceOfficial’s Transfer
10FCOCP ProgressionProgress from Level to Level by each of the various positionsOrProgress from Level to Level by a given position(I.e. specialize in one or two positions)
11FCOCP Progression Chart RefereeUmpireDeepSidesLevel IV6 OfficialsRefereeUmpireDeepLevel IIISides5 OfficialsLevel IIUmpire3 or 4 OfficialsSidesLevel I3 or 4 OfficialsSides
12A Philosophy of Officiating STOPBefore proceeding print a copy of worksheet 1Do Lesson 1 Worksheet as directedWatch the Video “You have to love it when they Boo”Complete the worksheet as directed.
13Roles of an Official Educator Salesman Psychologist Statesman As the action and tempo of a game in progress can change,the official must assume several different roles, depending upon the particular circumstances. According to the particular situation, it may be necessary for the official to assume partially the following roles:EducatorSalesmanPsychologistStatesman
14Qualities of a Competent Official For a detailed explanation of each term , click the i buttonReaction TimeConfidence (Poise)ConsistencyJudgmentHustleDecisivenessCourageBe ObjectivePositive RapportKnow the RulesLook the PartKnow Position, Duties & Mechanics
15Policies to Follow Why do we need capable officials to guide the game? Officials should be guided by the overall aim of causing the game to progress smoothly withas little interference as possible. The essential ingredients of effective officiating areRule KnowledgeIntegritySound RelationshipsPrimary Concern – The AthleteWhat are the benefits of of being a competent official?
16The Job of Officials Smooth Flow to Game Game played within the Rules Little InterferencePrevent FoulsMake the “Calls”
17Getting Ahead as an Official “Reach for the Top” Set GoalsSet DeadlinesLearn from OthersOvercome RestrictionsAccept ChallengesSupport is NeededLook the PartLearn from MistakesPositive AttitudeHard Work
18Keys to Getting Ahead Watch Others Ask Questions Participate Study and LearnBe Prepared
19Lesson 1 WorksheetCompete the worksheet for Lesson 1 , revise your answers and submit answers.Contact facilitator if you have any questions or
20Lesson 2 Getting Started Why is Appearance ImportantThe Uniform- Parts of the official uniform- Additional equipment- Care of equipment and uniformThe Arrival- When to arrive- Meeting the Crew- Pre Game Officials’ Meeting
21Why is Appearance Important A a sales slogan for a razor company stated: “Look Sharp-Feel Sharp-Be Sharp”The slogan represents excellent advice to sports officials“Be Sharp” suggests that an official react quickly, hustle and display good judgment and mechanics.“Look sharp” – an official who reports for duty in an unkempt, dirty or soiled uniform does not inspire the confidence of the players and coaches, or his fellow officials. Such officials start the game at a disadvantage.BE NEAT,CLEAN AND IN FULL UNIFORM WHEN REPORTING FOR A GAME ASSIGNMENTThe entire officiating crew is judged by its appearance on first sight. Don’t you be the one to let the crew down
22Getting Ready Do You Have All Your Equipment? Lanyard whistle alsoDo you have the right coloured hat (referee needs white hat all other officials need a black hat, ? Rain wear, cold weather gear?Make sure all your equipment is clean , have clean white shoe laces and polished shoes. Have everything ready before you go to the game
23Official Uniform Whistle with lanyard White hat for Referee Black hat for all positions except RefereeAssociation crest
24Official Uniform Hat-white for Referee All other official have a black hatFlag in back pocket or sideFOA crestBlack BeltStirrup socksBean BagWhite shoe lacesWhite socks
25Official Uniform Inclement Weather Wear Warm Up Jacket-Black Jacket with CFOA crest on left side of chestExtreme Cold-Black turtle neck under regulation jersey-neutral coloured hand wear-plain black toques (white for Referee) being replaced byblack balaclava also called weather hoodsWarm weather-determined by FOA( if used all officials in game must dress the same).-white shorts-mesh type open weave short sleeve sweater-knee high socks
26Inclement Weather Wear CFOA creston left side chest highLocal FOA crestBlack JacketGloves
27Official Uniform Inclement Weather Wear continued Rain wear-clear plastic or regulation stripped apparelHelpful HintsFor Wet and /or cold weather1) A cleaner’s plastic bag , or green garbage bag, with holes cut forhead and arms, and worn under jersey helps an official keep dryand warm.2) A plastic bread bag or shirt bag worn on the feet will keep the feet dry and warm
28Additional EquipmentBean Bag –used to mark spots such as point kick is receivedDowns counter - paced on wrist and finger to help remember what down it is.Watch - Umpire needs one for timing time outs and knowing when first half ended and when second half will start (duty to inform the Referee)
29Additional EquipmentClip - used in measurements and when moving the yard sticks at the end of the first and third quarter .- types –orange ribbon with clasp- circular shows yardage where clip is attached.-rectangular cloth strip with orwithout yard markings
30Additional Equipment continued Hat holders - plastic hat carrier helps keep hat ‘s shape- plastic ball cap washerPressure Gauge - used to measure air pressure in ballTape measure used to measure dimensions of the ballRule Book and Case Book-issued every two years with rule updates in between-probably the most important piece of equipment you need. You’ll wear it more than your uniform. (read it so much that it seem part of your apparel
31Care and Maintenance General Principles (For complete details read article in Support Materials- Care and Maintenance of Equipment)Clean equipment as soon as possibleNever let soiled equipment dryUse cold waterAir dry where possibleNever use chlorine bleach
32Care and Maintenance Specific Care CapSweat bandSoil spotsBlockPlastic ball cap washerShirt, Pants, Socks, FlagCold water washPlastic bags for wet uniformPre-soak Detergent boosters (as recommended)_ Heavily soiled treatmentCheck and rewash before dryingAir dry
33Care and Maintenance Specific Care ShoesBetween season careClean off dust, lime, mud – clear waterAir dryUse good polishOccasionally oil or silicon sprayLacesMust be whiteWash wellCotton laces – chlorine bleach
34Care and Maintenance Specific Care FlagClean, good conditionOrangeWhistleClean, inspectAlways carry spareGood Care and Maintenance = $
36The ArrivalWhen should an official arrive at the game location prior to the start of a game?One hour prior to start if not in uniformOne half hour prior to start if dressed
37Meeting the CrewUpon arrival proceed to dressing room or timer’s benchIntroduce yourself and identify position you will be workingThis allows you to know the crew and to identify your working partner
38Pre Game Meeting 5 minutes prior to start of the Game Following the Head Linesman instructing the stick crew and the Line Judge and Back Umpire conducting field and player inspections, these officials will meet with the Referee and UmpireThe Head Linesman will confirm Yard Stick Crew is in place.Line Judge and Back Umpire will report field conditions and player equipment concernsThe Umpire will review special plays or numbering problems.The Umpire will provide numbers of captains, kicker punter and holdersThe Referee will provide direction to deal with any concerns that may arise
39Lesson 2 Getting Started Worksheet Complete worksheet for Lesson two and submit as directed
41The Head Linesman Yardstick Responsibility -Duties - Locating the Stick Crew-Checking the Yardsticks , chain and pickets, downs box2. Instructing the Yardstick Crew-Positioning of Downs box-Positioning of the Sticks-Placement of the Clip-Moving the Downs Box/changing the Down-Play moving toward the Yard Stick Crew-First down or score-Talking to Yardstick Crew3. Measurements4. Moving the yardsticks at the end of the First and Third Quarters5. Half time and end of game
42Head LinesmanThe Head Linesman is responsible for the supervision of the Yard Stick Crew –Downs Man and Linesmen (stick holders)The Head Linesman insures that:The Yard Sticks are placed properly under the direction of the RefereeAn accurate count of downs is kept to assist the Referee
43Locating the Stick Crew If not supplied by your association, contact the home team 30 minutes before game to insure they help you to obtain a stick crew.Once a crew is obtained proceed with the crew and the yardsticks and downs marker to the side of the field they will be located at the start of the game.If benches are on same side of field- sticks are located on the opposite side of the field.If the benches are located on opposite sides of the field, alternate the location of the sticks.-First Half – locate on the Home Team’s side of the field.-Second Half - locate on the Visiting Team’s side of the field.Advise the crew to be impartial and refrain from comments to teams and officials. They are part of the officiating team.
45Checking the Yard Sticks ,Chain, and Sticks Stretch out the chain and check to make sure the distance between the sticks is exactly ten yardsMake sure the downs box has downs 1,2 and 3.If a 4th down is attached make sure the Downs Man is aware of this to avoid showing the wrong down
48Instructing the Yard Stick Crew Positioning of Downs box Position the downs box FirstPlace the downs box in line with the forward tip of the ballHelp this placement using placement of your foot so that your toe is inline with the forward tip of the ball
49Instructing the Yard Stick Crew Initial Positioning of Pickets First insure the Downs Box is in the proper place.Place the back picket(starting picket) directly BEHIND the Downs Box. Place so that the stick and Downs Box are perpendicular to the ground (should not be able to see the back stick.Stretch out the chain tightly (no knots or kinks) so that the forward stick marks the ten yards required to make a first down
51Placement of the ClipLocation of the clip is on the back of the five yard stripe closest to the back stick (start of the 10 yards).At the minor levels clip would be placed on chain only when a measurement is requiredAt the Junior, University and Professional (CFL) levels the clip is placed at the start of each set of downs by the back stick holder
52Movement of the Downs box and changing of the of the down The Downs Man must pay close attention to every play to be aware if a penalty flag has been thrownIf a penalty flag has been thrown DO NOT MOVE THE DOWNS BOX OR CHANGE THE DOWN . Make sure the sticks do not move
53Movement of the Downs box and changing of the of the down If no penalty the Downs Man waits until the play is whistled dead and the head linesman indicates the location of the next down.Move the downs box so that it is placed in line with the forward point of the ballChange the down on the downs box after the Referee has signaled the next down (relayed by the Head linesman)
54Play Moving Toward the Stick Crew Advise the Stick Crew to lay the sticks and downs box down off the playing field (at the correct location) and move quickly out of the way of oncoming players and officials
55First Down or ScoreEncourage the Stick Crew to HUSTLE to the next location (let them know after a score)Set an example by your hustle.The pace of the game is highly effected by the movement of the Yardstick CrewFollowing a convertOne stick holder will set up the kickoffThe other stick holder will retrieve the ball after the convert
56Talk to the Yardstick Crew During the game talk to the crew to keep them involvedProvide praise and encouragement to keep them on task
57Measurements When a measurement is requested the Head Linesman will: Tell the Downs Man not to move (stay at the PLS) or change the downPlace the clip on the first 5 yard stripe closest to the rear picket.Instruct the rear stickman to pick up the clip and hold it in his hand when the yardsticks are taken on to the fieldTell stick holders to wait until you have marked the location of the forward stick with your foot and tell them to proceed
58Measurements Ball boy will give ball to back judge Umpire will get forward picketBack picket holder will pick up clip and carry it inHead linesman marks forward picketReferee holding the ball at spotBack official holds back picket
59Moving the Sticks at the End of the First and Third Quarters Note the location (yardage) and next downMake sure the Downs Man changes the down and knows the yardage of the next downPlace the clip on the rear of the closest 5 yard line to the rear stickInstruct the rear stick holder to pick up the clip and move ahead of the forward stick holder and proceed down fieldProceed down field to the location where the clip was placed at the other end of fieldPlace the clip down and have the yard sticks stretched out.The Back Umpire will assist and make sure downs box is placed at the location of the next downVERIFY WITH REFEREE
60Half Time and End Of Game Thank the Yardstick Crew for their good work and remind them to be back on the field five minutes before the end of half time.Join crew for half time meetingEnd of GameHave the crew wind up the chain andleave the sticks and downs box by theTimer’s benchThank the crew for their effortsJoin the other officials and proceed todressing room or timer’s bench forpost game meeting
61Lesson 3 Worksheets Complete the worksheets for lesson 3 The Head LinesmanMeasurementsQuarter changes and the Yard SticksSubmit answers as directed
62Lesson 4 THE LINE JUDGE Where are the yard lines? Place goal posts here
63Lesson 4 Line Judge 1. Pre Game Duties -Field inspection -Player inspection2. Getting the Captains and Counting Players
64FIELD INSPECTIONThe Line Judge will carry out an inspection of the playing field and end zonesCheck for the following field markingsFive yard markings starting with 55 at centre field and decreasing by 5 moving toward each end zone.Yard markers are set back from the sidelineDouble line thickness for the 35 and 45 yard lines
65FIELD INSPECTION YARDAGE PAINTED ON FIELD REFERED TO AS THE NUMBERS HASH MARKS 24 YARDS IN FROM EACH SIDE LINEFLEXIBLE MARKERPLACED AT THE GOAL LINE AND SIDE LINE INTERSECTIONCONSIDERED OUT OF BOUNDS5 YARD FIELD MARKINGSTRIPESFIELD YARD MARKERS SHOULD BE PLACED OUT OF BOUNDS- PERFERABLY 5 YARDS AWAY
66FIELD INSPECTION Hash marks 24 yards in from each sideline Goal post padding (Game CAN NOT START until) in placeDead ball line is 20 yards back from the goal line.Flexible markers are located at the intersections of the goal line and sidelines and the end zone sideline and dead ball lineFields with track around them , the deadline should be marked at least one foot inside the curbSide lines are marked and clearly visible
67Checking the Goal Posts Wish bone style or the two upright goal posts must be padded or the game can not start.
68Player InspectionThe following equipment is mandatory and shall be worn by all players. It shall be designed and manufactured by a professional manufacturer, and shall not be altered in any way which will decrease the protection of the player* Soft knee pads, ½ inch thick, worn overthe knees and cover by the pants.* Thigh guards.* Hip pads with tailbone protector.* Shoulder pads.*Mouth guard, protecting the teeth and* lips, as specified in Article 3*Shoes which meet specifications inArticle (1—11)Check for casts, taping and tinted visorsUniform is worn as required by the league
69Getting the Team Captains The Head Linesman is responsible for getting the HOME teamThe Line Judge is responsible for getting the VISITING team-Prior to the meeting with the captains at the Referee’s quest-At end of the half proceed 5 minutes before end of the half to respective teams to insure captains receive a 3 minute warning.During the game-Head Linesman counts the Home team players-Line Judge counts the Visiting team players
71Lesson 5 SCRIMMAGE PLAY ZONES and Movements Line of ScrimmageNeutral ZoneLine of Scrimmage- Team A requirementsTeam A movement at the Line of ScrimmageLineman stancesThe CentreThe Centre on Kicking playsClose line Area playCrack back block zoneCrack back BlockIllegal procedureOffsideHolding /illegal use of handsUse when coming back from Lesson 9 to review To return to Lesson 9
72Line of Scrimmage and Neutral Zone The Line of Scrimmage is an imaginary line , extending from sideline to sideline, parallel to the goal line and passing through the point of the ball furthest from Team A’s goal line
73The Neutral ZoneNeutral zone is one yard ahead of the line of scrimmage from side line to sideline. All defensive players must give a yard prior to the snap of the ball1 yard
74Line of Scrimmage Team A Requirements Must have an eligible number at each end of the line5 ineligible numbered players in a continuous unbroken line within 1 yard of the line of scrimmageLinemen must pause 1 second before ball is snappedLine of ScrimmageEligible receiver at end
75Team A Movement At the Line of Scrimmage ENDSA player who, at the snap of the ball is occupying a position at either end of the line of scrimmage may be in motion within 1 yard of the line of scrimmage but must not be moving towards his opponent’s goal line when the ball is put into playEndEndEnds may move alongL of S away from the ballEnds may move alongL of S toward ballBACKFIELD PLAYERSA Team A player wearing eligible numbers 1-39 or 70 – 99 who is in motion from a backfield position may be within one yard of the line of scrimmage when the ball is snappedBack can not stop at the L of S must be moving forward
76LINEMAN STANCETWO POINT STANCE CAN CHANGE STANCE EG POINT STANCE BUT MUST BE MOTIONLESS FOR 1 SECOND PRIOR TO THE SNAP OF THE BALL3 POINT STANCE CAN NOT CHANGE STANCE ONCE ASSUMED
77The Centre1. The centre must face the direction of the opponents goal line2. To snap the ball, the center must:-snap the ball between his legs-snap must be in one continuous motion from toe to heel3 The ball MUST leave the centre’s hand4. Once the centre places one or both hands on the ball he must snap the ball (illegal procedure if he changes places with another player.5.Rotating the ball or placing the hand underneath allowed (no movement to draw opponent offside –penalty6. Centre may take his hands off the ball and rise to talk to the Quarter back provide no misleading tactics to draw Team B offside.7 Once punting snap motion is established Team B can not challenge the motion.
78CENTRE ON KICKING PLAYS On all kick plays from scrimmage (punts, field goal attempts, and converts) it is illegal to contact the centre on, or within one yard on either side of the line of scrimmagePenalty:L15, PLS, PBD-AFD
79CLOSE LINE PLAY AREATACKLE TO TACKLECLOSE PLAY AREAIS 2 YARDS ON EITHER SIDE OF THE LINE OF SCRIMMAGEON ANY PLAY,BLOCKING BELOW THE WAIST IS ILLEGAL EXCEPT IN THE CLOSE LINE PLAY AREA BY A WHO IS OCCUPING A POSITION IN THIS AREA AT THE SNAP OF THE BALL
80CRACK BACK ZONE BACKTO TEAM A DEAD BALL LINE SIDELINE SIDELINE 5 YARDS IN ADVANCE OF THE LINE OF SCRIMMAGE
81CRACK BACK BLOCKAny A player who, before or after the snap, is more than 3 yds outside the Close Line Play Area, and moves toward the ball, may not block below the waist from 5 yds ahead of the LS back to the A dead line. (7-3)
821.What is the call if the back stops at the L of S? Applying What You Learned3.What should the official be looking for as the two slot backs on the left run their patterns2 Watch the action of the slot (red) back is it okay?The block is completed below the waist five yards beyond the L of S .Is it Legal?Click to start motionET G C G TEQB4.a)What must happen for the end’s motion to be legal?b) What should the side official be watching for in theblock made on the Team B player?21.What is the call if the back stops at the L of S?
83ILLEGAL PROCEDURE Flag and Whistle play A Team A Foul Flag play –inappropriate numbering of line players- player on line did not report as ineligible- no endFlag and Whistle playTeam A linemen move prior to the ball being snapped mustpause 1 secondTeam A line player (except the center) after assuming a 3or 4 point stance ,may not legally move his head, arms, hands or feet until the ball is snappedCenter breaks his 3 or 4 point stance to allow another player to become center
84OFFSIDENo player of either team shall encroach on the neutral zone on a play from scrimmage when the ball is into play.A player from either team who crosses the line of scrimmage and makes contact with any opponent, before the snap of the ball, is offside.A B player who goes offside and breaks the plane of the line of scrimmage, even without contact, shall be called offside and the play stopped immediately.Penalty—loss 5 yds, down repeated. Yardage penalty may be declined. (4-2)
85OFFSIDE GETS BACK NO CONTACT On the neutral zone—Defensive No. 55 encroaches without breaking the plane of the LS, or making contact—and gets back before the snap of the ball. No foul. (4-2)
87Use of Hands and Arms Legal Use 1) May used to tackle the ball carrier 2) In blocking for run and pass plays provided:a) hands are slightly behind the elbows, even with the elbows, or in advance of he elbows.b)The arms may be fully extendedc)The hands shall be open, with the palms facing an opponent, or cupped or closed with the palms not facing an opponent.
88Use of Hands and Arms Illegal Use : 1) The hands and arms are not to be used :- in a striking or punching manner- to grasp , pull, encircle, lift and opponent-to lock ,hook or clamp an opponent2) the hand may not be clasped or locked .
89Illegal use of Hands and Arms Sometimes the hold is hard to detectArm bar or hookGrasping an opponentCan you identify five more ways the use of hand or arms is illegal ?
90Lesson 5 WorksheetsComplete the booklet You Make the Call Action at the Line of ScrimmageSubmit answers as directed
91Lesson 6 DUTIES PRIOR TO START OF PLAY, DURING THE PLAY AND BETWEEN PLAY
92DUTIES PRIOR TO START OF PLAY AND BETWEEN PLAY 1. Signals-Prior to start of play Ball Retrieval- Ready for kick off Using Your Whistle- Free or held- Putting up the Gates2. Position at start of the play3. Checking Wide outs4. Signals –during the play-Time in-Time out-Screen Pass-Lateral5. Marking the spot-Primary spot-Secondary spot
93SIGNAL READY FOR PLAY KICKOFF After counting your Team and checking your zone,the Official raises his arm vertically in the air and holds it up until acknowledged by the RefereeThe kick off should not take place until both teams have twelve players on the field
94Duties between Plays FREE OR HELD When the Referee whistles time in look to the Back Umpire for direction as to who is HeldHeld official (wide side of field) acknowledge by signal –point to the groundFree official acknowledge by signal- salute pointing down field
95Back Umpire Indicating Held Official Back Umpire indicating the held officialReferee whistling time inBack umpire points to near sideline official to indicate he is held.This is done as the Referee is whistling time in
96Free Official SignalFree official salutes and points down field to acknowledge he is free. Free implies that the official if circumstances warrant it may move off the line of scrimmage when the ball is snapped
97Held SignalHeld official-remains at the line of scrimmage until the ball has crossed the line of scrimmage
98Duties between Plays PUTTING UP THE GATES When the second player leaves the offensive huddle (centre and one more player) raise arms horizontally at shoulder height.Check bench(es)on your side for substitutions ,once gates are up substitutions are not allowed
99Position on the Line of Scrimmage Start of the Play What do we Look for?Is there an eligible numberat the end of the Line?Are there Five ineligiblesin a row?
101Wide Out Checking if on the Line of Scrimmage Looking could give a nod of the head often enoughCould give verbal confirmation–you’re on –you’re off
102Wide Out Checking if on the Line of Scrimmage (not looking) Not Looking could give a verbal confirmation–you’re on –you’re off
103Signals most used often by Sideline officials Time in –Full arm circles tosimulate clockTime out- Hands crisscrossedabove the head
104Signals most used often by Sideline Officials Screen Pass- Arm extended verticallyPrior to a pass being caught behind the line of scrimmage.Keep arm up until end of play-informs other officials that blocking is allowed downfield prior to the ball being caught by Team A players.
105Signals most used often by Sideline officials Lateral Pass – arm extended horizontally into the backfield.Lateral pass (onside pass) is one thrown, handed, knocked, batted, kicked or fumbled by a player parallel to or in the direction of his own dead line.Pointing into backfield, keep arm out for the play so other officials are aware of the lateral pass
106Signals in the Last Three Minutes of a Half Time Out Signal- ball goes out of bounds in your zone-clock stops after every play in last minutes of the halfBall in bounds or out of bounds ?These signals are given to help the Referee and coaches know if the ball is in bounds or out of bounds as timing rules in the last three minutes are affected by where the ball went dead.These signals should be held for an extend period of time (10 seconds) to insure that they are seen- ball out of bounds- both arms and hands extended over shoulders points back to out of bounds-in bounds both arms extended and pointing into the field of play
107Marking the SpotPrimary Spot -place one foot forward with toe at the forward point of the ball.Secondary spot- stand facing toward middle of field feet together.- If spot required from a secondaryspot turn and provide the primary spotBall between the hash mark and sideline- come in close to mark the ballCome in to mark spot run parallel to side line then turn at a right angle and move to the dead ball spot
108BALL Retrieval Use triangle method Ball out near you ,get ball , pass to Back Umpire who passes it to UmpireBall dead down field move toward Back Umpire, who will retrieve the ball and pass it to side official on the side ball went out. This official will relay it to other side official(if needed) and on to the Umpire
109Using Your Whistle The whistle is used to “Kill the Play” See the Ball “Dead” before sounding you whistleSound your whistle “ With Authority”An inadvertent Whistle does and will happen
111Lesson 7 REPORTING AN INFRACTION TOPICS Throwing a Flag-Technical fouls-Point of foulReporting an infraction –Stopping the playReporting an infraction – Using TINS.Reporting an infraction- reporting to the refereeFlag retrieval
112Throwing A Flag Once a foul is detected a flag must be thrown Technical Foul- flag thrown high in the air- eg illegal procedure, offside, time countPoint of foul - if foul occurs during a play- the flag is thrown toward thelocation of the foul- eg point of holding, illegal block , unnecessary roughnessGet the player’s numberContinue to officiate until the end of the play
113Reporting an Infraction Stopping the Play Wait until the play is over.Make sure time out is wavedIf you kill the play- blow your whistle-signal time out-mark the spot-wait until an official relieves you of thespot
114REPORTING INFRACTIONS USE TINS T NAME THE TEAM I STATE THE INFRACTION N NUMBER OF PLAYER S STAY AROUND IF REFEREE NEEDS MORE INFORMATION
115Reporting an Infraction Reporting to the Referee If more than one official has a flag check to see if you have the same call (eg. HL and LJ) make sure both agree if it is offside or illegal procedure.Reporting to the Referee using TINSTEAM WinnipegINFRACTION OffsideNUMBERSTAY Remain nearby if Referee needs more information such as:- Point ball held at time of foul- Required distance gained- Location of foul- Live or dead ball foul
116Flag RetrievalHelp out other officials, especially the Referee by returning the flag to the official.The closest free official near the flag should retrieve the flag
117Lesson 7 Reporting Infractions Complete worksheet and submit answers as directed.
118Lesson8 Positioning and Mechanics Mechanics refers to the routine procedure surrounding what the official does.The two primary areas of mechanics are signaling and positioning.When more than one official is involved “Teamwork” becomes a third area of mechanics, wherein additional signaling and positioning responsibilities are necessary.The mechanics of positioning, signaling and teamwork are all of the essential importance to a professional performance.Good positioning, is necessary if you are to see what you are supposed to see.Sharp, unhesitating and unhurried signals are necessary to communicate your decisions and to build the confidence of everyone regarding your officiating abilityCommonly recognized teamwork procedures are necessary to ensure to the greatest extent that (a) every conceivable action is covered and ruled upon and(b) disagreement is eliminated or minimizedWhen proper mechanics are performed precisely, the game progresses without confusion of unnecessary delay.Good mechanics are not too difficult to develop if correct habits are established early in the officiating career.
119Positioning and Mechanics continued Difficulty does occur when the new official unsuspectingly forms bad habits.Mechanics, good or bad, are habitual actions.It is much easier to learn the correct habit first than to unlearn an incorrect habit later.Like the playing rules, mechanics have evolved from the efforts of many people over many years and therefore, they should command the respect and acceptance of new officials.The first two obligations of a new official are to:a) learn the playing rulesb) develop correct habit of mechanicsAN OFFICIAL WHO IS IN THE RIGHT PLACE AT THE RIGHT TIME, AT LEAST LOOKS EFFICIENT
120Duties and Positioning Kick Off Duties Head Linesman Before the Ball is KickedTake up positionCount home teamCheck field and sidelinesAfter the ball is kickedOnside vs offsideShort kick vs. long kickIn bounds / out of boundsCover the returnStay in your zoneSignal “time in” after ball is touched
121Duties and Positioning Kick Off Duties Head Linesman Watch for:blocking (legal vs. illegal)ball in/out of boundsAfter the ball is dead:signal to stop clockmark spotset up sticks and downs box
122Duties and Positioning Kick Off Duties Line Judge Before the ball is kicked:take up positioncount visiting teamcheck End ZoneAfter the ball is kicked:time in signal after the ball is touchedwatch for fumbles, lateral, offside passescover returnout of bounds coverageAfter the ball is dead:signal to stop clockmark spot
124Duties and Positioning Scrimmage Duties Free Official and Held OfficialPosition and SignalsPrior to Snapcheck substitutesgates – up and downcount playerscheck eligible Receiverscheck Players re: lining upwatch for early motion (offsideand illegal procedure)
125Duties and Positioning Scrimmage Duties Running Plays Sideline Responsibilities- Held Official- Free OfficialCover ball carrier in your zoneBall out of bounds – What to do?Spotting ball at the Side Line- for normal play situations- if measurement required
126Duties and Positioning ScrimmageDuties and PositioningNeed to cover play from behind:- action away from the ball- fouls behind the playAvoid turning back on PlayWatch for:- fumbles- lateral passesKnow possession when ball dead
127F H 4 Official System Scrimmage Play Running U R G 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 404550CUFHR
128Duties and Positioning – Scrimmage Duties Pass Plays“FREE” OfficialAlso has deep responsibilitiesMove off line on snapRead play and react- “Tackles don’t lie”- Read Receivers on your sideCover your zone and Side LineOut of bounds coverage
129Duties and Positioning – Scrimmage Duties “HELD” OfficialShort zone coverage – your sideMove downfield after pass is thrownBoth OfficialsWatch for:- Illegal contact on Receivers- Illegal interference- Holding- Pass interference- Offside passes- Turnovers
130F H Scrimmage Play Passing - 4 Officials U R G 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 4550CUFHR
131Duties and Positioning Goal Line Plays “FREE” OfficialInitial position – on line until snapNormal initial dutiesOn snap – move to goal lineKnow ball location“HELD” OfficialNormal scrimmage dutiesMove off line once ball is goneBoth OfficialsBe prepared for pass or runSignal “Touchdown” if madeWatch for fumble into End Zone
132Goal Line Stand - 4 Officials UG5101520253035FHR
133Duties and Positioning Kick from Scrimmage “FREE” OfficialInitial position downfield ( 5 & 10 – 12)Be aware of:- Restraining zone- Point of possession- Point ball held on returnBall Dead – goal post “in Flight”“HELD” OfficialInitial position on Line of ScrimmageWatch for blocked/deflected kickMove after kick crosses Line of ScrimmageBoth OfficialsOn fouls – know ball location- if in possession- if “in flight”
135Duties and Positioning Field Goals and Converts Outside 10 yard line“FREE” Official – Under goal posts“HELD” Official – Same as kick from scrimmage on Lineof Scrimmage – “go with ball”Inside 10 yard line“FREE” Official – Same as kick from scrimmage Cover dead line and sideline in End Zone.- Cover Play in End Zone“HELD”Official – Initial position – on line of scrimmage- Watch for contact on kicker/holder- “Go with ball” – cover Side Line
1364 Official System Field Goal Outside 10 Yd 5101520253035404550CUHR
1374 Official System Field Goal Inside 10 yd UG5101520253035404550CHR
1384 Official System Convert UG5101520253035404550CFHR
139Three Official System Mechanics The 3 official crew system includes:RefereeUmpireHead LinesmanIn order to insure coverage on all sides of the field the following mechanics are used:Referee will always favour the side opposite the Head Linesman.The Head Linesman will have the yard sticks located on the SAME side of the field as the team benches (benches are located on one side of field)The Umpire is the lone official back for kick offs, punts and field goals
1403 Official System Kick Off G5101520253035404550CUHLRK
1413 Official System Scrimmage Play 5101520253035404550CUHLR
1433 Official System PuntG5101520253035404550CUHLR
1443 Official System Field Goal Outside 10 Yd Line 5101520253035404550CHLR
145Convert 3 Official System Convert and Field Goal inside 10 yard line UG5101520253035404550CH LR
146Lesson 9 Rules of the Game BALL CARRIER HIT BY TACKLERHITS GROUND HERESLIDES OUT OF BOUNDSWhere would the ball be spotted?What signal would the sideline official give to the Referee in the last 3 minutes of a half to indicate the ball was in bounds or out of bounds?
147Rules of the Game Rules Mastery is an Apprentice Program THEN: Intelligent enforcementLearn basics first; then learn specificsLearn to recognize legal vs. illegalTHEN:Rules in detailAndPenalty applicationRules Mastery is anApprentice Program
148What are the basics?Points of emphasis for the starting official in learning the rules1 Rule 1 – Conduct of the gamebasic rules required for sideline officiala) When is the ball liveb) When is the ball deadc) When does timing stopd) Is the ball in bounds or out of bounds2. Rule Scrimmage (covered in Lesson 5)a) Section1 Definitions-Line of scrimmageNeutral zoneClose line play areaLine and Backfieldb) Section Method of Scrimmagec) Section Requirements for legal scrimmage
149Section 5 Interference on a Kick from Scrimmage or Return kicks 3. Rule 5 KickingSection 1 DefinitionsSection 2 Kick offSection 5 Interference on a Kick from Scrimmage or Return kicks4. Rule 6 PassingSection 1 Lateral or Onside passSection 2 Hand Off PassSection 3 Offside PassSection 4 Forward Pass5. Rule 7 Fouls and PenaltiesSection 1 Illegal tacticsSection 2 Rough playSection 3 Unnecessary RoughnessSection 4 Objectionable Conduct6. Rule 9 Miscellaneous
150The ball is in play when: Live BallRule 1 Section 7 Article 1 and Section 8 Article 1The ball is in play when:a) It has been put into play by a kick off or scrimmage, until a fieldofficial stops the play by sounding his whistle.b) It strikes an official who is not out of bounds, except on a forwardpass.c) It is on the ground not in possession of a player.d) A forward pass is intercepted by a player in his own end zone.f) An offside pass is made and/or the ball goes loose.e) A ball is dribbled in bounds.f) A dribbled ball hits the goal post assembly.g) A kicked ball hits the goal post assembly after striking the ground,a player, or official, or after being kicked from the end zone.
151LIVE BALLh) The ball is not dead when a player goes to one or both knees in making a catch from any punt, place kick, drop kick, or kick off an opponent or in attempting to field the ball on a snap from the center, provided that such action is part of the attempt to catch the ball. (1-8)
152Live BallIt is held in position by a player for the purposes of making a place kick, except on akick off.It is legal for the placekick holder, who was on his knee in possession of the ball, to rise, pass, or advance the ball. The ball is not dead when it is being held for a field goal attempt, regardless of what happens afterwards. (1-8)
153Live Ball (2) RETRIVES BALL… 3)Passess or runs (3) PASSE OR RUNS ON FIELD GOAL TRY MUFFS SNAP2) PICKS UP THE BALLIf the snap is fumbled, A12 may recover the ball legally and advance the ball provided that when he regains possession in (2), no part of his body, other than hands or feet, touch the ground. (1-8)
154DEAD BALL The ball becomes dead when: A field official blows his whistle to end play.The ball, or player with the ball in his possession goes out of bounds
155DEAD BALL GOAL LINE c) Any score is made d) The ball carrier is tackled, held and his forward progress is stopped.e) A forward pass is declared incomplete, or it strikes a game official, the goal post assembly, downs box marker or distance chain rod,f) It is in possession of a player lying on the ground or is being held by a player for a kick off, prior to the kickoff.END ZONE
156DEAD BALLg) The ball is automatically dead when it strikes the goal post assembly in flight:
157DEAD BALLh) The ball is dead when any part of a ball carrier, other than his handsor feet, touches the ground, even without contact by an opponent.The ball shall be dead at the point where it was held when the ballcarrier touched the ground. (1-8)
158Not Just “Black and White” Study MethodsDevelop an organized method of studyRule by rule methodTheme methodCover to Cover methodFor detailed explanation of these study methods read article entitled Using You Rule book/Case Bookby Bill Glendinning NBFOA- readings sectionLearn Intent of RulesNot Just “Black and White”
159Improving Rules Knowledge Regular reading and studyAttend study sessionsStudy rules related to the position being workedExams as a learning toolFor detailed explanation of these study methods read article entitled “GETTING INTO THE GAME”by Bill Glendinning NBFOA- support materials section
160Learning the RulesIn conclusion as a starting official concentrate on:Basics to PlayLegal vs. IllegalThen the Applications & Complications
161Rule Study for Sideline Officials In Lesson 5 rules were introduced for requirements at the line of scrimmage and related fouls.In this section rules that apply to action of players along the sidelines and on the field of play that would involve the sideline official in passing situations are examined.1. FORWARD PASS LEGAL OR NOT?2. SIDELINE FORWARD PASS COMPLETE OR NOT ?3. LINEMEN - INELIGIBLE NUMBERSDo worksheet entitled Worksheets 8 You Make the Call-illegal actions. Submit answers as directed
162Illustrated Rule BookThe Quebec Football Officials Association has prepared the illustrated rule book in an electronic format.Visual illustrations of rules often help in understanding what rules mean.The illustrated rule may assist in providing uniformity to the administration of the rulesIllustrated rule book is located in the support materials section
163Lesson 10 Post Game and What’s Next Post game meetingsKeeping a journalGetting off to a good startPre game preparationWhat’s next
164Post Game MeetingAt the end of every game , the post game meeting and follow up are a valuable learning tool for all officials and especially a new official.Post game meetings allow the official to:- Discuss your game while it is still clear in your mind- Ask questions on play situations and rule (s) and their applications- receive a critique from the referee and game supervisor-comments provided to you should be viewed as constructive criticism and should be used a to identify areas of strength an areas where improvement is needed
165Post Game Follow upKeep a journal (log book or diary) of what happened at your at your game- List comments received and note the areas to work on for nextgame.- Identify what you plan to work on for your next game.- Use as a check list, from game to game to track yourdevelopment.Example: Identify something that you did differently and not necessarily wrongDid I have a good/bad Pass Interference call?Did I read the keys right?Did I report the foul clearly to the Referee? Did I provide enough information
166Getting Off to a Good Start Preliminary Preparation Watch games as OfficialActive Part of MeetingsGood Quality EquipmentConditioning - 4 QuartersPreseason ScrimmagesLearn the Basics First
167Getting Off to a Good Start Pre-game Preparation Know your FieldsTravel with OfficialsBe on Time – Be EarlyBe rested & Be SharpBe ready for anythingAt the gameHave a Positive ApproachAvoid Beginner’s Mistakes (Do’s &Don’ts)
168What’s nextSubmit your Level exam and have a year on field experience to complete the requirements for your Level 1 FCOCP.Start planning to enroll in the FCOCP Level 2 program.All officials should strive to obtain their Level 3 certification. The first 3 levels of the FCOCP provides an individual basic knowledge of the basic field positions of:Sideline official - Level 1Umpire Level 2Referee/Back Umpire - Level 3Hopefully you have started a lengthy and enjoyable career as a football official. The road may lead to higher levels of football at the university and perhaps the professional levels. Where ever the road leads have fun and enjoy the game.
170Appearance a) Physical conditioning- to be able to stay in position, keep sharp, and pull your weight onthe officiating team, physical conditioning is amust.- It doesn't come automatically- you have todevelop it.- Seek qualified assistance in developing anappropriate program.b) Appearance- Looking the part is half the battle- Sloppy, unkempt appearance is read byplayers and coaches as ineptness
171AttitudeDevelop a positive attitude towards the Game, Players, Coaches, League Administrators, Fans and other Officials.Develop a co-operative attitude/atmosphereGive back to the game-share knowledge with others
172Your Foremost Concern: The individual Athlete The master official is primarily concerned with the protection of the players. In most instances his actions are prompted by this concern, for examplea) He wants to prevent injuries, and he knows that in many sports good officiating can prevent many damaging and unnecessary injuries.b) He wants to encourage sportsman like behaviour, and he understands the importance of his job in promoting such behaviour.c) He knows that correct rulings can motivate player improvement through the trial –and – error process.d) He does not discourage questions on the rules, because he knows that players don’t know all the rules.e) He wants to keep all the players in the game, and he knows that in many cases the ejection or disqualification of a player can be prevented.(continued next slide)
173Your Foremost Concern: The individual Athlete continued f) He is willing to eject or disqualify a player when the rules and spirit of the game demand such action because the protection of the other players and the quality of the game itself are involved In addition, the particular player can learn from the experience of being disqualified.The official who is able and willing to use “protection of the players” as his guide will be amazed at its effectiveness, especially in making difficult decisions. To test this theory, try it against any seemingly hopeless officiating situation that you can imagine. Ask yourself, what should be done for the players’ protection. Perhaps the indicated decision may not be completely acceptable, butit will be the best decision if based upon concern for the individual athlete. The new official must be constantly reminded of his responsibility to the players.SPORTS WAS CREATED FOR THE PLAYERS-not the officials
174Certification Maintenance In order to maintain you FCOCP level an official must work games atthe positionlevel of playScore a mark of 75% on a the annual CFOA rules exam
175Courage - Make all calls to the best of your ability - Don't hedge on difficult calls- Don't be influenced by players, fans or coaches-Anyone can call the obvious- the competent official makes the difficult calls in the manner described above
176CFOA Canadian Football Officials’ Association The CFOA mandate:1. Participating in the development and implementation of educational materials.2. Developing programs to support the recruitment and retention of officials.3. Providing a means of communication for membership associations.4. Providing a vehicle of recognition to outstanding service across the country.
177Challenges Take advantage of opportunities that present themselves. Make changes that lead to self improvement.Accept challenges (i.e. assignments, working on projects etc..Work on developing self confidence.
178Confidence (Poise) - Act deliberately- maintain a steady pace when calling infractions- even hesitate slightly on theobvious to develop this uniformity.-Volatile situations require calmness on theofficial's part.-Avoid the "I caught you" manner in your actionsand instructions.-Use your whistle with authority
179Consistency - Inconsistency is the coach's major complaint - Know the intent of the rule and apply it accordingly- The time of the game has no bearing on your calls
180DATA TO FOOTALL CANADA Mark will be registered with Football Canada Football Canada will provide the official a certificate and card identifying the official's certification levelIn order to retain a certain level of certification the official must be active at that level of play for which that level of certification is required.Each year officials must write a CFOA exam and score a grade of 75%
181Decisiveness -Avoids the aspect of controversial calls -Creates a positive image in terms of rule knowledge-Hesitancy is the opposite to decisiveness-If a decision has to be made - make it properly without delay
182Set Deadlines Set deadlines for your goals Primary goals- what do wish to accomplish over the next year or so?Intermediate goals- where do you want to be in 3-5 yearsLong term goals- lifetime/career goals in officiating
183Do’s and Don’ts of Officiating DO get physically fit and stay in conditionDon’t criticize other officials, be loyal and display confidenceDO know the rules thoroughlyDon’t fraternize with players or coaches during the seasonDO communicate with your fellow officials. Assist the new official.Don’t talk “out of school” to friends, players, press, etc.DO cooperate with others and show good team workDon’t lose your temper under any circumstances, be impersonalDO be dedicated to the gameDon’t become personally involved in any play or incident . Stay detached from the game.DO dress and appear clean and standardDon’t argue with any player or coach about the rules, on or off the field.DO put yourself above reproach in your personal behavior (betting, drinking, fraternizing)Don’t have rabbit earsDo have the courage of your convictions.Don’t over –officiateDO be courteous, but firmDon’t coast or relax in a dull gameDO be consistent with your callsDon’t threaten a player or coach, caution onlyDO use your judgment. Warn first on technical fouls.Don’t let players get behind you continued next side
184Do’s and Don’ts of Officiating continued DO set your officiating pattern early and keep itDon’t turn your back on another’s mistake. Correction must be made at the time.DO cover your position and read the play situations.Don’t warn on roughness or objectionable conductDO get the correct number of the penalized playerDon’t make slow decisions. Better fast and wrong, than right and slowDO know for certain where the ball is if you are whistling the play dead.Don’t be half-hearted or hesitant in your penalty callsDO know where the ball is when you call a penaltyDon’t be afraid to admit a mistake to the referee. He can wash out the penalty flag.DO assist the Referee in every conceivable wayDon’t second guess in order to save a few stepsDO call early and save yourself the last minute brawlDon’t walk away from close decisionsDO check the penalty yardages, when it’s 5 yards, see that it is not 4 or 6,and 10 not 9 or 11.Don’t second guess the Referee, or make any explanations to players, coaches ,or fans of the callDO remember to use TINS when reporting penaltiesDon’t tell a team if they are one or men short or too many. Tell them” count your players”DO report penalties clearly and calmlyDon’t call when you ”Have-not-Could-not or Did not” see the whole action. A bloody nose is not a ”punch”.DO stay with the Referee on your penalty calls.Don’t call on anticipation(continued next slide)
185Do’s and Don’ts of Officiating 45. Do keep close to the play, always looking in46. Don’t call blocking from the rear or blocking below the waist unless you saw the initial contact.47. DO see the whole scene, not just the end of it.48. Don’t defer to another penalty call, even though it’s different than yours.49. DO get the furthest point of the advance of the ball.50. Don’t throw a so-called ”back up” flag. Either you saw an infraction or you didn’t.51 DO be responsible in your acceptance of game assignments52 Don’t turn to the Referee immediately you have penalty infraction. Your coverage continues until the play is dead.53 DO be punctual for games (at the pre-game start time)54 Don’t call the penalty, just call the infraction. It is “Rough Play” not ”He’s out of the ball game”.55 DO signal the infraction when reporting it to the Referee ??56 Don’t hold conferences on the field near players of coaches.57 DO check the score card at the end of the game for disqualification numbers58 Don’t forget the game ball.59 Do be prepared to talk over game proceduresVideo and TV allow us to be looked at many times over. We work in a fish-bowl, yet must go unnoticed
186Duties and Mechanics - Know where to be and when. - Develop teamwork - Being in the right place facilitates decisionmaking- Make use of clinics, manuals and training is todevelop this aspect of your officiating
187EducatorBriefly explains the rule and its proper interpretation
188Football CanadaOversees the operation of football in Canada .In 2007 Football Canada is under a major structural reorganization.There are three grouping of football in Football Canada: Tackle ,Touch and FlagIn terms of officiating each has their officials organizations188
189Set Goals Set long term and short term goals. What do you wish to achieve as an Official?At what positions, levels, etc. do wish to officiate?
190Hustle - The key to better mechanics - Visibly obvious -Creates a positive impression
191IntegrityThe capable official wants to see the game progress correctly, without bias or inconsistency. In spite of pressures he will not be unduly influenced by the score, time remaining, or reactions of the players, coaches or fans nor will he be influenced by the direction of previous decisions. To a considerable degree, he sees each movement of the competition as a moment in itself, unconnected with what has happened previously.In certain instances, great courage and personal confidence are required in order for an official to rule with absolute integrity, but this is exactly what he MUST do. Not even the home coach appreciates a "homer" official. Regardless of circumstances, the official must be completely honest in all phases of his job, especially in his appreciation of the rules, and his relationship with fellow officials, players and coaches.Officiating integrity is a product of personal honesty and reliability. A potentially outstanding official can rise or fall according to the integrity he demonstrates.SPREAD CONFIDENCE - NOT DISTRUST
192Jobs of the Official 1. A smooth flow to the game Officials are present to administer the game and to assist in having the game proceed in as smooth a fashion as possible. It is the Officials job to set the pace that allows the game to move quickly and smoothly2. Game Played within the rulesa) A main function of an Official is to enforce the rules – to see that the game is played within the rules and within the spirit of the rulesb) Officials are there to ensure that no player takes an “unfair advantage” of an opponent.c) Also part of the job, where possible, is to prevent fouls and injuries.d) Always be concerned for “Player safety” as part of the rules “ enforcement”.CONTINUED NEXT TWO SIDES
193Jobs of an Official continued 3. Little interferencea) Officials should NOT take the game away from the Players.b) The game is for the Players and people go to the games to watch the playand Players , not the Officials.c) One of the greatest compliments for an Official is to go unnoticed because of his/her efficient handling of a game.4. Preventing foulsa) Preventative officiating is the watchword for today’s successful Official.b) Positive action can often prevent Players from committingfouls/infractions.c) Field presence can often be a deterrent to infractions being committed .d) Using your voice to give warnings and being in position to make rulings are great assets toward successful “preventative officiating”.
194Jobs of an Official continued 5. Making the Calla) Learn to recognize what is “LEGAL” and what is “ILLEGAL”b) Recognize infractions/fouls and “MAKE THE CALL”c) Don’t back away from the “CLOSE CALLS”.d) Sometimes the best call is “A NO CALL”.e) A rule of thumb to follow, “ NO HARM, NO FOUL”.LEARN THE BASICS OF OFFICIATINGFIRST, details and refinements will comewith experience.
195Judgment - Related to knowledge and understanding of the rules. -Developed through experience and self analysis-An unending development project-Each situation should be ruled upon within its own context
196Learn from OthersObserve other officials-observe high caliber /quality OfficialsAttend games to observe officiating mechanicsWork with experienced OfficialsAttend clinics, conferences, weekly study sessions
197LOCAL PROVINCIAL FOOTBALL OFFICIALS’ASSOCIATIONS (FOA ) Local Football Associations (FOA)provide officiating services to teams and leagues in their local areaare members of the CFOA
198Mistakes Learn from your mistakes Try to turn mistakes into a positive learning situationAvoid dwelling on the negative – move aheadTry not to repeat mistakes-dwell on how to correct the error
199Objectivity - Avoid popular decisions - Judge each play on its own meritsAsk yourself- "If I had to call it again, would icall it the same way?"
200Official's TransferThe President of the Local FOA will provide a transferring official with a letter identifying the level of football officiated by the official and the certification level of the official
201ON FIELD EVALUATION On field evaluation requirement for all levels except level 1carried out on a the playing field with the official under actual game conditionsofficial must have an evaluation for every position at which he/she wishes to be certified
202OTC FOOTBALL CANADA OFFICIALS’ TECHNICAL COMMITTEE Official Technical Committee (OTC)A sub committee of Football CanadaThe OTC is responsible for developing programs and training aids to improve and standardize football officiating in Canada at the amateur levelThe OTC is charged with the development of the course conductor and student manuals for the Football Canada Officials Certification Program
203Look the Part Work on conditioning-develop stamina Work at perfecting Positioning and MechanicsKnow the Rules and their applicationLook Sharp on the field-Hustle, Hustle, Hustle
204Positive Rapport - Display courtesy and respect at all times - Be human - yet remain in control- Be approachable and receptive to questions- Be aware of the image you are portraying
205PROVINCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Provincial Associationsgovern the operations of football at the provincial level.
206PsychologistHe understands the feelings of players ,coaches and spectators, and through his understanding he is able to show respect and in turn gain their respect.Be business like in your approach to each game towards Players, Coaches, Administrators fans etc. You are there to do a job, not to be a “friend”
207Reaction time The speed of the decision is directly proportional to its acceptance.- Speed of decision leads to game control-Anticipation of infractions leads toerrors-Poor reaction time limits officiatingsuccess
208RestrictionsRegional restrictions due to the level of play in your areaNumber of leagues, games played ,etc. in your areaAvailability for game appointmentsWork on developing self confidence
209Rules Knowledge Intelligent Rule Enforcement The rules have evolved from the concentrated attention of many experts over a period of years. As such, the rules command respect and demand enforcement. The official is expected to show respect for the game and for the players by KNOWING the rules and ENFORCING them .To do otherwise usually brings unwanted consequences of disorganized games, unsportsmanlike acts and even the danger of injuryApplying the rules requires the use of judgment on the part of the master official. In particular instances he will refuse to call certain apparent violations, while in other circumstances, he will call almost invisible acts. He is concerned about preserving the ideal of the game through his rule enforcement.The purpose of the playing rules is to ”TO PENALIZE A PLAYER WHO, BY REASON OF AN ILLEGAL ACT, PLACES HIS OPPONENT AT A DISADVANTAGE”In rulings where judgment is permissible, the competent official is more concerned about the effect of the illegal act than the act itself. For example, the rules state that when an attacking player is blocking his opponent, his hands must be must be contact with his body. This rule is to prevent a player from reaching out with his hands to create interference and to prevent striking with the hands or fists. Blocking is supposed to take place with the body. If this rule was applied literally an infraction would occur anytime space was detected between the blocker’s body and his hands. No capable official would administer the rule that way, but would judge the act in terms of the total situation and the effect that it had on the play. (continued on next slide)
210Rules Knowledge Intelligent Rule Enforcement continued This philosophy is essentially correct, because when properly employed, it assures that the spirit of the game prevails, rather than, exact and petty rule enforcement. Two cautions should be noted:(i) The philosophy does not apply to all rules or even to most rules. Aplayer is in bounds of out of bounds. In most cases, the official is askednot to exercise his judgment, but to call immediately what he has seen.(ii) when the philosophy does not apply, the official must know and understand the correct rule interpretation so that his decisions are as consistent as possible. It permits the official to be flexible, but if he is inconsistent as well as flexible, both he and the game will soon be in trouble.
211Rule Knowledge An exact knowledge of the rules and their intent is essential.- Constant review is needed to stay on top-Case books provide an excellent refresherQuizzes and exams should be used as learningdevices by reviewing areas of error.
212SalesmanInfluences players toward fair, clean and sportsmanlike play and away from unsportsmanlike conduct.Present and sell yourself as a competent Official to othersAlways use honesty and integrity in all aspects of the game.Make your calls/no calls to the best of your ability. Try not to be influenced by the score, time of game position on the field, fans etc.
213StatesmanHe speaks clearly and logically when it is necessary for him to speakLimit your contact with those involved in the game to the affairs of the day:matters concerning the game, not a social visit/gathering
214Sound Human relationships It has been said with considerable truth that officiating is more like an art than a science. Building sound relationships with fellow officials, players, coaches and fans while under fire of intense athletic rivalry call for an “artist’s touch”.(a) Relationship with Fellow officialsFor the most part, officials are on their own at the game. If their mutual support and team work break down, problems in other relationships will certainly increase.The ability to team with fellow officials is an absolute essential to a well handled game. Uniformity of decisions is of utmost importance. Each must have complete faith in the other, and the greatest harmony must exist. Domination by one official may cause a poorly administer game. You should welcome the assistance and support of other, rather than resent the other making a decision which you feel is your responsibility. Your position, even though close to the play, may not have been advantageous. Always be ready to cover plays for the other official who may be momentarily caught out of position.ASSIST - DON’T RESIST - YOUR FELLOW OFFICIALS(b) Relationships with playersGood relationships between players and officials are of fundamental importance to effective officiating. Coaches and fans can sense the quality of player –official relationship, and their judgment of the official is influenced by the way they sense. Officials should be neither overly friendly nor aloof in their dealings with players. Players tend to mistrust an official who seems to be trying to win a popularity contest with both teams. They expect an official to act like an official who has an important job to do.
215Sound Human relationships continued (b) Relationships with players continuedThe degree to which an official should try to be helpful varies considerably according to the level of play. In professional sports, a particularly helpful official would be treated with amazement or scorn, whereas in youth contests a competent official will not hesitate to actually teach the rules at appropriate moments.A domineering or dictatorial official upsets the players. Officials must be or at least act human and approachable. An official must show respect for players if he wishes to gain respect.When unsportsmanlike acts occur, they should be penalized, immediately, in as calm a manner as possible. UN sportsmanlike act usually create excitement and emotional reactions by players, coaches, and fans. What is especially needed is not anger or revenge, but an accurate and efficient penalty, enforced confidently and calmlyUSE YOUR STRONG POINTS TO WIN RESPECT( see next slide)
216Sound Human relationships continued (c) Relationship with CoachesAs implied by the rules of most sports, contact between the coaches and officials should be businesslike., friendly, respectful and LIMITED. The coach is concerned about an official’s mechanics and judgment. He is not likely to be concerned about whether or not an official wishes to be his friend. Under such circumstances , considerable tact is needed. Often the upset coach is he type that can be calmed down almost as easily as he became excited. A businesslike, but not unfriendly explanation of the decision may prevent serious consequences.The official should not over –react to the excited coach, but he must enforce obvious infractions by the coach. If there is a choice between protecting the coach or the game, the game must be considered first.BE PLEASANT, BUT FIRM AND FEARLESS
217Sound Human relationships continued (d) Relationships with Fans.While the official’s main attention is directed to the game and the player, and partially to the coaches, the presence of fans cannot be ignored. The trend of an athletic event can be harmed by intense spectator reactions. However, this rarely occurs if the officials of the game do their work well, that is , they maintain good position, are decisive in judgment, an signal clearly.
218Sound Human relationships continued (e) SummarySound public reactions must be a part of competent officiating because sports involve human beings with opposing loyalties. These human beings possess different backgrounds, abilities and emotional responses. In fact some of them will not like officials-period. Apparently the sports officials cannot satisfy everyone, nor should this be his aim. He should show respect for others, avoiding antagonizing anyone, and be approachable. His main efforts should be directed toward the best officiating job he can produce.MAKE DECSIONS CLEARLY.
219Support Support is required: a) at home (family support) b) at work (employer and fellow employees)c) from fellow Officials (work together as ateam)
220Theory Clinics Teaches the fundamental skills technical skills, rules ,and mechanics knowledge , philosophy of officiating, and appreciation of the interpersonal relations which are required to become a top official
221Time In and Out Signals When will the Side Line Official Use them ? - given when down field for kick offTime out-called a foul- when play is over signal time out- player injury- on every play after three minute signal in the last 3 minutes of the second and fourth quarters, if you blow your whistle if ball dead in your zone
222WRITTEN EXAMINATIONScontent of the theory portion of each level of the clinic is 75% theory and 25% rules.Every level writes a written exam.Levels 2 to 4 must also complete an on field evaluationLevel 1 open book exam meant to familiarize a starting official with training material and rule book.Level 2 to Level 4 write a formal examPassing levels areLevel 2 75%Level 3 80%Level 4 85%
223Hard work Give 100% for every assignment, at all levels Work at self improvementShow interest and work towards achieving your goals
224Why do we need capable officials to guide the game? The competition is guided by capable official. Such officials cause the contests to be conducted as they were meant to be, and cause the result to be based upon player ability and observance of the rules.Officials should be guided by an overall aim of causing the game to progress smoothly with as little interference as possible.