Presentation on theme: "Open Access: publication and impact Theo Andrew Digital Library Section University of Edinburgh."— Presentation transcript:
Open Access: publication and impact Theo Andrew Digital Library Section University of Edinburgh
Talk outline Background – Types of open access ‘Gold v Green’ – Government drivers: Finch report Change: research funders expectations Likely implementation at UoE Implications 3 step personal OA strategy
….the world-wide electronic distribution of scholarly literature… …completely free from restrictions…. ….for all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. is….
Gold open access Peer reviewed journals publication costs are met by the research funder through APCs, rather than subscriptions, articles are licensed in ways which allow others to reuse these works, subject to attribution. Average cost £1000
Green open access publish in a subscription journal, self-archive copies of papers in suitable place, – e.g. PURE Research Explorer Journal copyright policy permitting: – Rule of Thumb: author's refereed, revised final draft is OK for institutional web pages/ repository
Inclusion and Exclusion: NGOs and Politics in Zimbabwe Sara Rich Dorman, 2001
(Hybrid option) Subscription journal offering Gold OA on article level basis: – Elsevier sponsored articles – Wiley OnlineOpen option – Royal Society Publishing (Institutional membership 25% discount) – Nature Publishing Group – OUP & CUP Tend to have higher APC ~£1500
Finch report (18 June) “a clear policy direction should be set towards support for publication in open access or hybrid journals, funded by APCs, as the main vehicle for the publication of research, especially when it is publicly funded” Mark Walport: the UK government’s next science advisor
RCUK: New policy Peer reviewed research papers that are wholly or partially funded by RCUK: must be published as Gold or Green OA, must include details of the funding that supported the research, and a statement on how the underlying research materials – such as data, samples or models – can be accessed.
c The ESRC’s Open Access Policy requires peer- reviewed research papers to be deposited into ESRC impacts and findings research catalogue:
Implementation Preference for Gold OA, supported by block grants: – £609,000 for Nov12- April 2013 (Initial pump priming payment) – £830,000 for 2013/14 – £977,000 for 2014/15 Green OA also acceptable; up to institution to decide.
RCUK targets The RCUK is taking a phased approach over the coming five years: (UoE publishes articles/year; we estimate 1300 of these are funded by RCUK) Year2013/142014/152015/162016/172017/18 Gold 45% (585) 53% (689) 60% (780) 67% (871) 75% (975) Green5% (65) 10% (130) 15% (195) 20% (260) 25% (325)
Where does that leave us? Large scale shift coming. Researchers will be exposed to the costs of publication (previously sheltered by the library). Will publishers increase their APCs to maximise profit? Will we see proportional reductions in journal subscriptions?
Wellcome Trust OA grant at UoE YearNo.of articlesTotal costMean APC 2007/0819£32,712.85£1, /0938£58,648.88£1, /1049£90,304.78£1, /1167£124,359.79£1, /1287£146,687.10£1, Total260£452,713.40£1,741.21
APC cost v Impact Factor
c Hybrid journals seem to be more popular venues for Open Access publication, and Hybrid journals generally charge more than full OA journals independent of journal impact factor, and There is a positive correlation between APC cost and impact factor for both hybrid and full OA journals. APC observations
Research lifecycle Ideas Partners Proposal Research process Publication
Research lifecycle(s) Publication is not the end, but the start for someone else: New ideas Collaboration IMPACT
3 step personal OA strategy 1. Save a copy of authors final manuscript 2. Add document to PURE 3. Automatically added to the Edinburgh Research Explorer
Maximise your impact
Further reading Impact of Social Sciences LSE blog (5 mins) – /18/cash-alone-will-not-cure-the-research-market/ /18/cash-alone-will-not-cure-the-research-market/ D-Lib Magazine Sept 2012, Vol 18, No 9/10 (20mins) – nad.html nad.html SPARC OA newsletter #165 (2-3 hours) – htm htm