Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 billion hungry: what role for agricultural development? Liz Wilson, Agriculture for

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 billion hungry: what role for agricultural development? Liz Wilson, Agriculture for"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 billion hungry: what role for agricultural development? Liz Wilson, Agriculture for

2 Agriculture for Impact

3 The Boss Nature, 13 August 2009 (S.Torfinn/Panos)

4 Content The context: global challenges The role for agricultural development in food security Agriculture for Impact

5 The Perfect Storm? John Beddington, Chief Scientist, Government Office for Science, speaking at DFID, 12 th November 2009 Increased demand 50% by 2030 (IEA) Energy Water Increased demand 30% by 2030 (IFPRI) Food Increased demand 50% by 2030 (FAO) Climate Change 1.Increasing population 2.Increasing levels of urbanisation 3.The rightful goal to alleviate poverty

6 Gordon Conway’s English cottage loaf

7 Food price volatility

8

9 A global food crisis 1.02 billion people are hungry 1 in 6 of the world’s population (FAO, 2009)

10 Hunger is on the rise

11 Increased impact on developing countries

12 World Food Programme hunger map

13 Sub-Saharan Africa Over 265 million people are undernourished (26% of global total) Home to 15 of the 16 countries where the prevalence of hunger exceeds 35%

14 Why does it matter? Food security underpins global security Economic time bomb Humanitarian imperative

15 Food security underpins global security The Guardian, 9 April 2008: Kena Betancur/EPA

16 Economic time bomb

17 Humanitarian imperative

18 Food Security “ Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”. (World Food Summit, 1996)

19 Entitlements Starvation is the characteristic of some people not having enough food to eat. It is not the of there being not enough food to eat Amartya Sen,1982

20 Four dimensions of food security

21 GDP growth from agriculture benefits the income of the poor 2-4 times more than GDP growth from non-agriculture

22 Lack of investment in agriculture 1980s: 17% of ODA 30% of World Bank lending Mid 2000s: 4% of ODA 7% of World Bank lending

23 EU overseas development assistance to agriculture ODA from Europe (Thirtle, Piesse and Hearn, 2009 via OECD DAC data)

24 African agriculture 80% (33 million farms) less than 2 hectares (smallholders) 50% of the agricultural labour force is female Cereal yields, around one ton per hectare, ¼ of those in East Asia. Fertilisers are applied at average rates of about 11kg/ ha of arable land (compared to 112kg/ha in Latin American and the Caribbean) Only 4% of cultivated land is irrigated, of which 70% is Madagascar, Nigeria and Sudan. The potential exists to bring 20 million hectares of land under irrigation. Many pests, diseases and weeds such as Striga, Black Sigatoka, Banana wilt, Cassava mosaic virus, Maize leaf streak and Maruca beetles can destroy crops..

25 A continent of many different stories ‘Africa is not in crisis but some African countries are’ (Wiggins, 2011)

26 Delivering change Looking for win-wins: Increasing yields sustainably Enabling access to markets Political leadership

27 Sustainable intensification

28 Quality as well as quantity

29 Access to markets

30 Political leadership

31 Agriculture for Impact

32 The gap Grassroots activity High level rhetoric Gap?

33 Opportunities to influence CAADP G8 : UK Presidency in 2013 G20 EU GROW Africa / WEF initiative

34 Our focus

35 Our activities

36 How can we feed the world? Highly productive Stable Resilient Equitable Sustainable

37 What is ‘successful’ scaling up? Link to private sector?

38 Beyond islands of happiness?

39 What is scaling up? Becoming large?

40 What is scaling up? Expanding impact?

41 The Boss Nature, 13 August 2009 (S.Torfinn/Panos)

42 Liz Wilson, Agriculture for Impact 11 th January 2012


Download ppt "1 billion hungry: what role for agricultural development? Liz Wilson, Agriculture for"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google