2 Tragedyis a drama that ends in catastrophe-most often death-for the main character and often for other important characters as well
3 Tragic Herois the main character-usually someone who is nobly born and who may have great influence in his or her societyThis character also has one or more fatal character flaws-a weakness or a serious error in judgment-that leads to his or her downfall.Although the events in a tragedy are often set in motion by an action of the tragic hero, fate may also seem to play a role in the course that the events take.
4 Comic Reliefa humorous scene, incident or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensityBy providing contrast, comic relief helps the audience to absorb the earlier events in the plot and get ready for the ones to come.
5 Allusionis a brief reference, within a work, to something outside the work that the reader or audience is expected to knowThe writer might allude to a historical or current event or to a line from another work of literature.
6 Foil Characteris a character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another character in the same workBy using a foil, the writer highlights the other character’s traits or attitude.
7 Soliloquya speech that a character gives when he or she is alone on stageIts purpose is to let the audience know what the character is thinking.
8 Asideis a character’s remark, either to the audience or to another character, that others on stage are not supposed to hear