Presentation on theme: "Shakespearean Drama The Tragedy of Romeo & Juliet Ms. Murray Grade 9 ELA Quarter 4."— Presentation transcript:
Shakespearean Drama The Tragedy of Romeo & Juliet Ms. Murray Grade 9 ELA Quarter 4
Shakespearean Drama Vocabulary Unit 10 Tragedy, tragic hero, character foil, word play, blank verse, aside, comic relief, dramatic irony, soliloquy and aside, allusion, paraphrase, critical review, love story, cast, synopsis, stage directions, protagonist, antagonist, Elizabethan words, close read, cause and effect, analyze
Tragedy This is a type of drama created by Shakespeare. Characteristics are: The ending always end with a tragedy, hence the name! The main character(s) die at the end of the story. The story almost always has a moral or message to it despite the ending being “ruined” for us, the audience.
Tragic hero A tragic hero always dies and he or she dies because of a tragic flaw. Main character or the protagonist (central character, the one with whom the audience most identifies) A tragic flaw is like a personality defect, like greed, ambition, or jealously. His or her death sometimes happens because of his or her’s shortcoming (failure) or a cruel twist of fate. This person is often of high rank or status; show strength while facing his or her destiny (the tragic hero never dies like a coward).
Character Foil A character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another character This process highlights both characters’ traits—for example, a timid character can make a talkative one seem even chattier.
Antagonist Is the force working against the protagonist (comes from the root word anti-). The force could be one person, a group of people, or even something non- human.
Soliloquy It is a speech given by a character alone on stage. Lets the audience know what the character is thinking or feeling.
Aside It is a character’s remark, either to the audience or to another character, that others on stage “do not hear.” Reveals the character’s private thoughts
Dramatic Irony If you know what irony means (which you should by now), now apply it to a drama. Specifically, it is when the audience know more than the characters. Its purpose is to help build suspense. For example, the audience is aware of Romeo and Juliet’s tragic downfall long before the characters themselves realize it/face it.
Comic Relief It is just like it says. It is a humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood. It serves to heighten the seriousness of the main action by a contrast. We have to have some fun in life, right?
Word Play: Allusion & Puns It is literally playing the words to convey deep meanings, humor, emotions, etc. In the modern day, we use more figurative language and It is a reference within the work that refers to something that the audience is expected to know. In the case of Shakespeare’s audience, they were familiar Greek and Roman mythology and the bible. For example, he made an allusion to Venus, the Greek god of love. Puns—jokes that result from multiple word meanings or rhyming sounds. Act 1—Being but heavy, I will bear the light” “With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead”
Blank Verse A type of iambic pentameter that Shakespeare used (an almost natural rhythm with which the English language is spoken). There are 5 stressed syllables in each line.
Elizabethan words The dialect of language used during the era of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Some words you should know while reading the play are: ‘a: he An, and: if Anon: soon, right away Aught: anything Coz: short for cousin; used also to refer to close relatives or friends Ere: before E’er: ever God-den: good evening God gi’ go-den: God give you a good evening
Elizabethan words (cont.) Hence: from here Hie: hurry Hither: here Marry: a short form of “by the virgin Mary” so a mild exclamation—like “Oh my God!” or “I swear…!” Morrow: morning Naught: nothing O’er: over Prithee: pray thee, or please Sirrah: a term used to address a servant Soft: be still; quiet, wait a minute Thither: there Whence: where Wherefore: why Wot: know Yond, yonder: over there
Other Vocabulary There are some words left that you should be able to easily guess (or already know). Let us review: paraphrase, critical review, love story, cast, synopsis, stage directions, close read, cause and effect, analyze Which ones do you not know?