Presentation on theme: "Agenda for Tuesday, October 19 1.Daily Opener (15 min.) 2.Unit 1 Work returned & filed (5 min.) 3.Lecture Notes 3: What are “American Literary Movements”"— Presentation transcript:
Agenda for Tuesday, October 19 1.Daily Opener (15 min.) 2.Unit 1 Work returned & filed (5 min.) 3.Lecture Notes 3: What are “American Literary Movements” (10 min.) 4.“Hey DIDLS, DIDLS” (15 min.) 5.Selection Work: “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” (35 min.)
AP English 11Your Name Journal EntryOctober 18, 2010 o Think about someone who recently persuaded you to do something—perhaps a parent, friend, teacher, coach or salesperson. o What method of persuasion did this person use? o For example, what was emphasized—the benefits of taking the action or the drawbacks of not taking the action? o Did the person appeal to your emotions, such a love, fear, or pride? Or did this person appeal to principles, such as justice, efficiency, or frugality? o Write down what you were persuaded to do, and analyze the method of persuasion that worked on you.
What is “American Literature”? o the written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and its preceding colonies. o literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature. o now considered a separate tradition due to unique characteristics and the breadth of its production o can further be divided into literary movements.
What is a “Literary Movement”? o Generally not defined but assumed o J.A. Cuddon: “A term commonly applied to a trend or development in literature” o A literary movement must be a trend, meaning that it is subscribed to by a number of writers who make use of ideas and techniques that define a movement. o Must also be differentiated from other movements
What is a “Literary Movement”? o Literature constantly evolves as new movements emerge to speak to the concerns of different groups of people and historical periods. o Some of movements are defined by the members themselves, while other terms emerged decades or centuries after the periods in question. o Ordering is approximate, as there is considerable overlap.
Movements in American Literature Pre-Colonial or Native American (2000 BC -1650) Puritanism/Colonialism (1600-1750) Revolutionary (1750-1800) Romanticism (1800-1860) Gothic (Dark) Romance Transcendentalism (1830-1880) Realism (1850-1900) Naturalism Modernism (1915-1945) The Lost Generation Harlem Renaissance (1920s) Post-Modernism The Beat Generation (1955-1970) Contemporary (1990-Present) Edith Wharton by John Sherffius
Pre-Colonial or Native American Literary Movement Up to 1620 o Dominant Themes: reverence for nature o Types of oral narratives: Origin and Emergence Stories, Historical Narratives, Culture Hero Stories, Trickster Tales o Characteristics – Oral literature relaying on performance – Most texts collected and written down in the end of 19th and beginning of 20th century – Distinguishable by form, content, and style thus correspond to the most fundamental features of literature
Puritanism/Colonialism (1620—1750) o Forms of writing: histories, diaries, chronicles, poetry, sermons Role of sermons: used as a vehicle for explanation of biblical quotation, interpretation, and application of religious ideas to the life of the colony, especially as a means of scaring the congregation back into religious life o Characteristics describe the earthly in terms of the eternal Literal truth substituted with potential symbolic lesson No novels – they divert people’s attention from work Writing should have a practical purpose Belief in America being the “promised land” and Americans being the “chosen people” Frequent religious references Often plain style so that common people could easily understand
Hey DIDLS, DIDLS: A Prose Analysis Method Imagery: The descriptive words or phrases that a writer uses to re-create sensory experiences… Diction: refers to the writer’s or speaker's choice of words, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness. Diction includes both vocabulary (individual words) and syntax (the order or arrangement of words)... Style: The distinctive way in which a work of literature is written. Style refers to not what was said but how it was said. Word choice, sentences length, tone, imagery, and use of dialogue all contribute to a writer's style. Tone: describes the author’s attitude toward his/or subject, audience, or both. Structure: the structure of a literary work is the way in which it is put together—the arrangement of its parts. The structure usually emphasizes certain important aspects of the content. Syntax: the order or arrangement of words Alliteration, simile, metaphor, hyperbole, pun, symbol, oxymoron, etceteras… Specifics the author includes about his/her opinion, facts Colloquial (slang), monosyllabic, polysyllabic, abstract, concrete, connotative…
Selection Work: “Sinners… God” Keep the following rhetorical terminology in mind: Rhetoric: from the Greek for orator, this term describes the principles governing the art if communicating effectively, eloquently and persuasively. Rhetorical modes: this term describes the variety, the conventions, and the purposes of the major kinds of writing. The four most common are exposition, argument, description and narration. Loaded language: consists of words with string connotation, or emotional associations. Writers and speakers use loaded language most often for persuasive purpose.
Selection Work: “Sinners… God” Tasks: 1.Read and annotate the sermon with an eye toward considering DIDLS 2.Respond to the following Critical Questions: o 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10
Homework Due Next Class Acquire a second composition book for use with class Complete reading and annotating “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” and assigned Critical Questions