2What Part of Speech Are These Words? AboutAboveAroundBeforeBehindBelowDownInInsideNearOutOutsideOverThroughUp
3Adverb or Preposition?The following 15 words can be an adverb or preposition depending on how they are used in a sentence:AboutAboveAroundBeforeBehindBelowDownInInsideNearOutOutsideOverThroughUp
4Adverb or Preposition?A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition followed closely by a noun or pronoun (called the object of the preposition or OP).An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb and tells…WhenWhereHowTo what extent/degreeWith what probabilityHow oftenUnder what condition
5Adverb or Preposition?To determine if a word is functioning as an adverb or preposition, use this test:See if there is a noun or pronoun that closely follows the word and answers who? or what? (which makes it the OP). If the answer is…YES! Then the word is a PREPOSITION!NO! Then the word is an ADVERB!
6Adverb or Preposition? The jogger ran by quickly. Adverb, not a noun or pronounThe jogger ran by quickly.Adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) follows itThe jogger ran by my house quickly.nounpreposition - because the noun house (which is the OP) follows it
7Adverb or Preposition? We walked around and shopped. verb, not a noun or pronounconjunction, not a noun or pronounWe walked around and shopped.Adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) follows itWe walked around the mall and shopped.preposition - because the noun mall (which is the OP) follows it
8Adverb or Preposition? Jane was running behind the bus. preposition - because the noun bus (which is the OP) follows itJane was running behind.adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) follows it.
9Adverb or Preposition? We ducked inside to get out of the rain. adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) closely follows itWe ducked inside the store to get out of the rain.preposition - because the noun store (which is the OP) follows it.