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Adverb or Preposition?. What Part of Speech Are These Words?  About  Above  Around  Before  Behind  Below  Down  In  Inside  Near  Out  Outside.

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Presentation on theme: "Adverb or Preposition?. What Part of Speech Are These Words?  About  Above  Around  Before  Behind  Below  Down  In  Inside  Near  Out  Outside."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adverb or Preposition?

2 What Part of Speech Are These Words?  About  Above  Around  Before  Behind  Below  Down  In  Inside  Near  Out  Outside  Over  Through  Up

3 Adverb or Preposition? The following 15 words can be an adverb or preposition depending on how they are used in a sentence:  About  Above  Around  Before  Behind  Below  Down  In  Inside  Near  Out  Outside  Over  Through  Up

4 Adverb or Preposition? A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition followed closely by a noun or pronoun (called the object of the preposition or OP). An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb and tells… WhenWhen WhereWhere HowHow To what extent/degreeTo what extent/degree With what probabilityWith what probability How oftenHow often Under what conditionUnder what condition

5 Adverb or Preposition? To determine if a word is functioning as an adverb or preposition, use this test: See if there is a noun or pronoun that closely follows the word and answers who? or what? (which makes it the OP). If the answer is… YES! Then the word is a PREPOSITION!YES! Then the word is a PREPOSITION! NO! Then the word is an ADVERB!NO! Then the word is an ADVERB!

6 Adverb or Preposition? The jogger ran by quickly. The jogger ran by my house quickly. Adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) follows it preposition - because the noun house (which is the OP) follows it Adverb, not a noun or pronoun noun

7 Adverb or Preposition? We walked around and shopped. We walked around the mall and shopped. Adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) follows it preposition - because the noun mall (which is the OP) follows it conjunction, not a noun or pronoun verb, not a noun or pronoun

8 Adverb or Preposition? Jane was running behind the bus. Jane was running behind. preposition - because the noun bus (which is the OP) follows it adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) follows it.

9 Adverb or Preposition? We ducked inside to get out of the rain. We ducked inside the store to get out of the rain. adverb - because NO noun or pronoun (OP) closely follows it preposition - because the noun store (which is the OP) follows it.


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