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Gap Analysis >> Next Steps

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1 Gap Analysis >> Next Steps
15 October 2012 Simone Quatrini Coordinator, Policy and Investment Analysis Global Mechanism of the UNCCD

2 ELD aims: identifying or developing tools that
in a nutshell ELD Objectives Compare the costs of land degradation to the costs of adopting sustainable land management (SLM) practices Build capacity and improve data access to developing countries ELD aims: identifying or developing tools that Policy-makers can bolt onto what they are already doing Can afford to pay for now Empower and substantiate land-use decision-making ELD approach Estimation of the Total Economic Value of the cost of land degradation, to add value to what countries are already doing Use of integrated modelling approaches to estimate social losses from land degradation rather than benefit transfer Use of scenarios to account for trade-offs between populations

3 1st scientific meeting (LSE, March 2012)
Go beyond production losses Aim for total economic values Value ecosystem services provided Agreed objectives, scope, and governance structure of the ELD Initiative 4 working groups established: Data analyses & methodology - assess available data sources and build integrated model framework Options for policy outreach - identify pathways/scenarios for policy-makers at all levels Economic valuation of options – quantify the costs and benefits of alternative land management options using existing evidence Case studies - group overlapping all others

4 working groups WG Data analyses & methodology WG Options/pathways for policy outreach WG Economic valuation of options Case studies Integration of research steams, WGs, meta-analysis & synthesis Network OSLO ESP Network ZEF/IFPRI WOCAT etc.

5 joint ELD-SLM meeting (EC, Oct 2012)
ELD methodological approach: proximate/underlying causes, use/non use values, costs of inaction/benefits of action, include external drivers, social values of land, etc. Gap analysis: identify and prioritize the identified gaps to be filled in by the ELD initiative Working groups: participants, roles, objectives, working modalities, deliverables, links to the reports, case studies, funding ELD outputs: 3 reports (draft outline, structure, target audience, etc.): For the scientific community For policy-makers For the private sector

6 gap analysis Gaps in technological/technical knowledge
System tipping points for LD (e.g. top soil loss, water quality control, including those that might be mediated via climate change) Clear relationship between population density and LD Impact of LD on livestock, rangeland and forests Lack of understanding of the factors driving changes to land use and causing LD Temporal factors: speed of change, whether drivers of change are themselves changing over time, links with local development patterns and the global economy Overall costs and benefits of different land management interventions

7 gap analysis Gaps in environmental valuation
Lack of harmonized methodology (scales, discount rate, etc.) Lack of information on trade-offs and synergies between ecosystem services (ES) Lack of information on links and trade-offs at different spatial scales Lack of information on social costs of LD Limited understanding of value of ES to local livelihoods Lack of info on non-market values of ES Lack of robust low cost methods applicable by affected countries in the short term Lack of data and systems for mapping ES

8 gap analysis Policy gaps
Lack of M&E systems for total ecosystem assessments Lack of identified plausible future scenarios on which to base LD assessments Lack of information on policy trade-offs; and who should do what (subsidiarity) Lack of tools for decision makers to determine the best land use between different alternatives Institutional and private sector Science-policy-practice divide Need for greater interdisciplinary approaches Lack of mechanisms to bridge the disconnect between providers of ES (e.g. rural areas) and users of the services (e.g. urban areas) Lack of financial products, services and institutions that are immediately available to start securing the land resource base Lack of an effective and comprehensive incentive framework for SLM Limited risk management/mitigation instruments and mechanisms Lack of awareness, knowledge management, capacity building

9 Timeline ELD 2013 next steps (2013) Events Actions
2nd Scientific Conference Feb Fortaleza, Brazil Events CRIC 11 COP 11 Feb Apr June Aug Oct Dec Jan Mar May July Sept Nov ELD Side event Revised ELD project list Launch of paper Scientific Paper Draft presented Actions ELD side event ELD partner and review meeting


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