Presentation on theme: "Introduction to CAP Safety Program (Cadets and Senior Members)"— Presentation transcript:
1Introduction to CAP Safety Program (Cadets and Senior Members) U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017HandoutsCAPR 62-1CAPR 62-2Ner supplementWing SupplementsCAPF 78 and CAPF 79Introduction to CAP Safety Programfor New Members(Cadets and Senior Members)
2Introduction to CAP Safety Program for New Members U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Introduction to CAP Safety Programfor New Members(Cadets and Senior Members)HandoutsCAPR 62-1CAPR 62-2Ner supplementWing SupplementsCAPF 78 and CAPF 79Risk: ‘risk” 1. possibility of loss or injuryHazard : ‘ha-zərd;’ 2. a source of danger
3U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Course OutlineThis presentation is an overview of Civil Air Patrol’s Safety program and it will cover:Safety Program BackgroundThe three components of CAP’s safety program:Rules and RegulationsResponsibilitiesRisks and Operational Risk ManagementHow the safety program is a part of every CAP activity:Safe mission accomplishment is everyone’s #1 jobSafety definitions
4U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017BackgroundThe CAP Safety program is modeled after the Air Force program. If you want to look it up, these are in the 91 series of Air Force Instructions (AFI) – publishing.af.mil/The CAP Safety program is defined in the 62 series of CAP regulations. These clearly define the two distinct duties of CAP Commanders and Safety Officers:Safety EducationAccident PreventionFor More CAP Safety Program Information, you can look it up in:CAPR 20-1, Organization of Civil Air PatrolCAPR 62-1, CAP Safety Responsibilities and ProceduresCAPR 62-2, Mishap Reporting and InvestigationRegion and Local Safety Policies
5U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Rules and RegulationsCAP regulations govern all levels of the CAP Safety ProgramLocal units set up mishap prevention programs to comply with wing, region, and national policiesThe local unit’s safety program must meet the needs of the local unit and identify local risksThey not only must personally identify with aims and objectives of the safety program but also must publish a dynamic and effective policy. To be dynamic, this policy must ensure before-the-fact identification of lost potentials. To be effective, the policy must ensure precise and continuing supervisory emphasis on eliminating potential accident causesYou have to follow Civil Air Patrol regulations.5
6Hand propped starts are prohibited IAW CAP regulations U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017ResponsibilitiesSafety is a way of thinking and acting that keeps you out of harm’s wayIt is everyone's responsibility to promote a safe environment and the commander’s responsibility to have a safety program cannot be delegated.Safety is serious business; you must follow regulations.Hand propped starts are prohibited IAW CAP regulations
7Responsibilities of all Commanders are: U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Responsibilities of all Commanders are:They cannot delegate their responsibility for the safety program. However, the Safety Officer position has been created to assist the Commander and is unique in the chain of command. Any Member may stop any CAP activity at any time for safety reasons.Safety Officers administer the unit mishap prevention program for their Commander and can be your contact for any questions or concerns.The CAP Manual 20—I, Organization of Civil Air Patrol, outlines the responsibilities of the safety officer in assisting and advising the command in the management of the overall accident prevention program. These responsibilities include: Directing accident investigations and preparing safety reports. Planning safety education and training programs to acquaint all personnel with their responsibility for applying safety practices. Conducting supervisory staff visits to subordinate units (if applicable) to assist them in solving safety problems. Maintaining a roster of subordinate safety officers (if applicable). Reviewing and analyzing findings of accident reports to determine trends and methods for preventing future accidents. Developing training guides and publicizing safety programs through such media as bulletin boards and newspapers. Establishing a safety hazard reporting program. Conducting unit safety inspections to eliminate safety hazards to ensure a safe environment.
8This is what the chain of command looks like: U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017This is what the chain of command looks like:Flight or Deputy Commander, as applicableSquadron CommanderGroup Commander, as applicableWing CommanderRegion CommanderNational CommanderIf you have a questions about CAP you would want to follow this chain of command.
9Each of these Commanders has a Safety Officer : U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Each of these Commanders has a Safety Officer :Squadron CommanderGroup Commander, as applicableWing CommanderRegion CommanderNational CommanderIf you have a any questions about the safety programs of CAP you can ask either the commander or safety officer following the chain of command.
10U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017If see is hazard or risk, it is ok for the youngest cadet to the most experienced senior member to tell anyone, not necessarily following the chain of command, but to take action and say “STOP” or “Knock it Off”:Flight or Deputy Commander, as applicableSquadron CommanderGroup Commander, as applicableWing CommanderRegion CommanderNational Commander“Knock it Off” is a term that we may have all heard in our youth, to “STOP.”In CAP and in the aviation community, the term “Knock it Off” has been adapted to “STOP” any activity where a risk or hazard is perceived.Any Member may stop any CAP activity at any time for safety reasons.
11Your responsibilities are: For your safety AND the safety of all the team members around you.To be personally honest and to have the highest integrity because safety demands awareness and concern at all times.To say “STOP” or “Knock it Off” when you see or know of an unsafe act is the right thing to do! Any Member may stop any CAP activity at any time for safety reasons.
12U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017RisksThere are risks in all activities. We can identify them before an activity and take steps to minimize them.Every member’s job is to identify risks. Examples are:Wildlife, i.e. snakes, insects, poisonous plants, etcRough terrainRoad ConstructionAround aircraft, i.e. propeller operations, dents, leaks, tie-downs, chocks, etc.Hunting areas and seasonsIf you can think it, it could be a riskIf an unsafe act is happening or is about to, it is the duty of every member to try to stop it. You can use the phrase “Knock it Off” with anyone, anytime.Learn to use safety planning tools (ORM), suggest a safer way.
13Operational Risk Management (ORM) U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Operational Risk Management (ORM)Operational Risk Management (ORM) is a process that looks at an event or task that is going to be performed and shows what the risks are and helps members make a decision if the risks are worth taking or to STOP!
15Operational Risk Management (ORM) U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Operational Risk Management (ORM)These are the Principles of ORMAccept no unnecessary risksMake risk decisions at the appropriate level within the chain of commandWhen the risks are too great, the activity should stopInclude ORM in all planning for ALL unit activities
16These are the basic steps of the ORM process: U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Operational Risk Management (ORM)These are the basic steps of the ORM process:Identify the hazardsAssess the risksAnalyze risk control measuresMake control decisionsImplement risk controlsSupervise and reviewRepeat steps one through six as needed
17What are ways to identify and communicate hazards U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017What are ways to identify and communicate hazardsIdentifying hazards in advance is the best way to prevent mishapsSafety improvement or hazard reporting can be done online by filing a Hazard Report through the Safety Forms application in eServices or with a CAP Form 26 (CAPF26). If deemed necessary, this can be done anonymously.At least annually, ORM will be discussed during each unit’s monthly safety briefingORM training is available for everyone to take online at under the Safety tab.17
18CAP units have some routine duties to ensure our safety: U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017CAP units have some routine duties to ensure our safety:Safety surveys are performed annually to help identify and report all unsafe acts and hazards.Ground vehicles shall be inspected before each use and there are some checks required to be done monthlyAircraft are inspected before each flight and have checks done after a set number of operating hours.Unit facilities are also inspected routinely to ensure the safety of all members and visitors of CAP18
19U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Definitions“Mishap”means any unplanned or unsought event, or series of events, that result in or has the potential to cause death, injury, or damage to equipment or property.The United States Air Force has its own definition of what an accident is: All Air Force accidents and incidents are included under the term “Air Force mishap.” An Air Force mishap is an unplanned event thatcauses or creates the potential for damage to Air Force equipment or property, damage to public property, occupational illness to Air Force military or on-duty civilian personnel, or injury to non-Air Force personnel as a result of an Air Force operation.Obviously, a vast number of accidents do not result in injury or property damage, but an accident will certainly interrupt the normal course of events. The extent of the interruption depends on the severity of the accident.“Accident”means a mishap that results in death, serious bodily injury, or major damage to, or loss of, equipment or property
20U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Mishap ReportingThe overall purpose of mishap reporting and investigation is prevention of future mishaps.Reporting of all mishaps is mandatory.Local mishap reporting procedures ensure the commander and the safety officer are quickly notified of all mishaps within the unit.20
21Near-Miss and Safety Deviations U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Near-Miss and Safety Deviations“Close Calls”Near-Miss: “Any circumstance where the in-flight separation between aircraft constitutes a hazardous situation involving potential risk of collision.” (In-flight)Safety Deviation: “Any event that is perceived as an unsought safety act, most commonly defined as any act that is non-compliant with CAP rules, regulations, or other defined policies, as well as local, state, or national laws or regulations that could result in injury or damage to CAP members or equipment. (On the Ground)These events should be reported just like a regular mishap.CAP Regulation 62-2 states that there are two basic classifications of accidents: those that involve bodily injury and those that involve property damage.
22U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Reporting CAP MishapsSome mishaps, near-misses, or safety deviations may not appear to qualify for statistical reporting purposes; however, there may be lessons to be learned from them or they may help in identifying safety trends. Additionally, some mishaps appear to be minor in nature at first, but that may change with time.For the above reasons, all mishaps should be reported. Classification of mishaps will be completed by the National Safety Team and NHQ Safety.Classification definitions are available in CAP Regulation 62-2 (CAPR62-2).CAP Regulation 62-2 states that there are two basic classifications of accidents: those that involve bodily injury and those that involve property damage.
23Reporting of “ACCIDENTS” U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Reporting of “ACCIDENTS”In all cases of mishaps arising out of CAP activities that can be classified as an accident, an appropriate CAP member (e.g., Activity Director/Commander, Safety Officer, ranking senior member) will:Immediately notify the CAP National Operations Center (NOC) toll-free at , ext 300, (24 hrs/day)CAP Regulation 62-2 states that there are two basic classifications of accidents: those that involve bodily injury and those that involve property damage.
24Report, Report, Report If in doubt, report the hazard! U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Report, Report, ReportIf in doubt, report the hazard!If in doubt, report the mishap!It’s better to report something if you think it shouldn’t be reported, than to not report it and find out it should have been.The unit commander and safety officer will take it from there.CAP Form 78 Mishap Reporting Procedures:Mishaps. Unit or activity commanders are responsible for completing and submitting a CAPF 78, within 48 hours of the mishap. The CAPF 78 is an important legal document, which must be completed correctly and submitted to CAP/DOR, CAP/GC, WING/CC, WING/LO, REGION/CC and REGION/SE. Receipt of the CAPF 78 by CAP/GC is a prerequisite to the member receiving any benefits for the damages or medical expenses incurred as a result of the mishap.Death or Serious Injury. In all cases involving death or serious bodily injury arising out of CAP activities, the preparation of the CAPF 78 must be coordinated through CAP/GC (usually by telephone) before it is submitted. Responsibility for the distribution of the CAPF 78 after coordination rests with the appropriate unit commander.. Member-Owned/Furnished Vehicles. CAP member-owned/furnished vehicles may not be used in CAP activities unless specific approval is given by the unit commander. Except for USAF missions, transportation to and from CAP meetings, encampments, and other activities in member-owned/furnished vehicles is deemed personal transportation and not CAP’s responsibility. A CAPF 78 should not be completed in such cases unless previously coordinated with CAP/GC.. NTSB Investigations. Wing commanders will ensure timely reporting of aircraft accidents and those specific incidents listed in NTSB Title 49, Part to the nearest NTSB office. All reports will be brief and without reference to fault or liability. The following documents should be collected and, if requested, made available to the NTSB investigator:1) All aircraft recordsa) Aircraft information fileb) Registrationc) Airworthiness certificated) Engine recordse) Airframe records2) CAP and pilot recordsa) CAP personnel recordsb) Pilot's personal flight logc) Pilot's FAA and medical certificated) Pilot's past flight checks3) Flight release documentationCAPF 99/104, CAP Flight ReleaseLog/Mission Flight Plan/Briefing FormCAPF 84, CAP CounterdrugFlight/Mission PlanCAPF 9, Release (for Non CAP Members)CAPF 107, Flight Operations LogOther preflight briefing documentsMishap Investigation Procedures. No CAP formal or informal investigation shall be conducted, in cases involving death or serious injuries incurred during CAP activities, without the prior approval of the CAP General Counsel. Subject to the restriction dealing with serious injuries and death cases outlined above, wing commanders must investigate incidents or accidents that arise out of CAP activities within their wings. The primary purpose of the investigation should be to determine how to prevent similar mishaps from recurring. The wing commander may use one member to investigate or in appropriate and more serious cases, may appoint a board of three or more members. The most qualified members available should be used to conduct an investigation. Qualified means a member who has the experience, knowledge, and training relevant to the accident or mishap.The investigation will be conducted as quickly as possible, using common sense and judgment throughout the process. The investigation should determine the sequence of events leading to the mishap (findings), and the events or acts of commission or omission which, done differently, could have prevented the mishap (causes). Additionally, the investigation report should state recommendations, which directly address the causes that would prevent a similar mishap. Vehicle accident investigation reports should include a copy of the local police report, if available. The report, when completed, is forwarded to the wing commander for action with a completed CAPF 79, CAP Mishap Investigation Form, as the cover sheet.1) Six copies are forwarded to the wing commander for review and action. The wing commandermay return the report for further action if necessary. Also, the liability assessment program must be addressedon each CAPF 79 (reference paragraph 8 below). After wing commander approval, one copy will be forwarded tothe wing liaison office and four copies forwarded to the region commander for review and approval.2) After the region commander reviews and approves the report, it will be forwarded to CAP/DOR (Chief of Safety). The completed report should reach National Headquarters within 35 days of the mishap.7. Suspension of CAP Flying Privileges: Any CAP pilot who is involved in an aircraft mishap while on a CAP flight activity shall not participate in any CAP flight activity pending the results of an investigation into the mishap. See CAPR 60-1, CAP Flight Management, for reinstatement procedures.8. Assessments for Loss or Damage to CAP Property:a. Assessments Up to $500. Wing and region commanders may assess CAP members up to $500 for negligent or intentional damage or loss of CAP property. Assessments should be imposed only if there is a finding of negligence or intentional loss or damage after an informal inquiry, and affording the member an opportunity to submit a statement and other relevant documents. The commander may allow assessments to be paid in installments requiring payment in full within 1 year. The CAPF 79 must reflect the assessment and method of payment.
25Investigating Mishaps U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017Investigating MishapsDeath or Bodily Injury AccidentWhen a death or bodily injury accident is involved, there will be no formal or informal investigation conducted by any CAP member unless authorized by the CAP National Headquarters’ General Counsel office.This will be coordinated with your chain of command and the National Safety Team.Review Region and Wing Supplements
26U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017What’s NextYou should review CAPR 62-1 and CAPR 62-2 on the National websiteThe next step is to take the Quiz for training credit, please proceed to the next page to begin the quiz.Thank you for your participation in CAP Safety through learning and ensuring safe habits.HandoutsCAPR 62-1CAPR 62-2Ner supplementWing SupplementsCAPF 78 and CAPF 79
27U.S Civil Air Patrol3/25/2017What’s NextYou should review CAPR 62-1 and CAPR 62-2 on the National websiteThe presentation posted here is for classroom sharing as a resource. For individual review and to complete the associated quiz for this course, please log into eServices and go to the Online Safety Briefing application under “MY FAVORITES” on the left side reference column.Thank you for your participation in CAP Safety through learning and safety habits.HandoutsCAPR 62-1CAPR 62-2Ner supplementWing SupplementsCAPF 78 and CAPF 79