Presentation on theme: "Fire Protection Intervention Tools Suppression – The enterprise of FFSuppression – The enterprise of FF Building CodesBuilding Codes Fire CodesFire Codes."— Presentation transcript:
Fire Protection Intervention Tools Suppression – The enterprise of FFSuppression – The enterprise of FF Building CodesBuilding Codes Fire CodesFire Codes Other Laws and OrdinancesOther Laws and Ordinances Home Inspection ProgramsHome Inspection Programs Fire Prevention EducationFire Prevention Education Fire Survival EducationFire Survival Education
Fire Protection Intervention Tools cont. Fire Protection DevicesFire Protection Devices Federal LegislationFederal Legislation State LegislationState Legislation Smoke AlarmsSmoke Alarms Fast Response Residential Fire Sprinklers (Cure)Fast Response Residential Fire Sprinklers (Cure)
“Many times it seems that there is no logic or common sense involved in the legislative process. No matter how inherently good or how right your legislative bill is, or how seemingly uncontroversial it is, votes are often made because of factors that have nothing to do with the issue at hand!” Malinda Reddish Douglas, Injury Prevention Services, Oklahoma State Department of Health
ETHICS A set of principles of right conduct. The rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession
ETHICS YOU, THE ADVOCATEYOU, THE ADVOCATE THE ADVERSARYTHE ADVERSARY
Problem Sponsor 1. Executive Branch 2. Legislative Branch Legislation (the Bill) Introduction Public Hearing Work Sessions (compromise) Passage Regulations The Process
ROADBLOCKS TO RESIDENTIAL SPRINKLERS
Leading Causes of Fire Residential Fire Load Digging a Deeper Hole Good News: Breaking Ranks!
September 11, 2001 (3025 Deaths) Fire Journal Sept/Oct 2001 (3445 home fire deaths in 2000) That’s 420 more!
Fire sprinklers are good public policy!
Now two options??? A codes adoption initiativeA codes adoption initiative An independent mandateAn independent mandate
Also two education options? Try and educate the massesTry and educate the masses Educate Public Policy makersEducate Public Policy makers
Look Up for Safety Fire Sprinklers Save Lives and Money Fire Sprinklers Save Lives and Money Presented By: Jim Dalton – Director of Public Fire Protection - NFSA
Pertinent Questions About Fires 1. How many people die annually from fires ? 2. Who are the victims ? 3. Where do they die ? 4. When do they die ? 5. How do they die ? 6. List one concern you have about fire sprinklers.
A Typical Residential Fire Scenario m m From the time a fire starts, smoke detectors may operate within one minute. m m Room temperatures at the ceiling when flashover occurs can reach 1,400 degrees. m m Flashover can occur within 4 minutes from the time a fire starts. m m From the time a fire starts, you generally will have less than five minutes to get out alive.
Your Fire Scenario TIME LINE (minutes) A fire starts in your home and you are awakened by the smoke detector. Flashover Occurs Ceiling temperature 1,400 degrees
A fire starts in your home and you are awakened by the smoke detector. TIME LINE (minutes) Fire is accessed and water is now being applied to the fire Count heads, notify neighbor, wake them, call fire dept. Alert family of fire Flashover Occurs 911 notifies fire dept. and fire dept. responds
2004 U.S. Fire Statistics Source NFPA Fire Journal Sept -Oct Over 1.55 Million Fires More Than 3,900 Civilian Deaths m 17,785 Thousand Civilian Injuries Over 8.3 Billion Dollars in Property Loss m Total Cost of Fire Exceeds 88 Billion Dollars
Additional Fire Facts m Every 82 seconds fire occurs in a U.S. residence. m Every 31 minutes a civilian is injured by fire. m Eight out of ten fire deaths occur in the home.
U.S. Residential Fire Problem* A fire every 82 secondsA fire every 82 seconds 83% of fire deaths83% of fire deaths 80% of fire injuries80% of fire injuries 72% of structure fire property damage72% of structure fire property damage 36% of fire-ground firefighter deaths36% of fire-ground firefighter deaths *2004 NFPA
Fire Death and Injuries in One- & Two-family Dwellings* (Percentage of Residential) Fire deaths: 83%Fire deaths: 83% Fire injuries:74%Fire injuries:74% Fire property damage:83%Fire property damage:83% Fireground firefighter deaths:70%Fireground firefighter deaths:70% *2004 NFPA
m Young children, older adults, and physically and mentally challenged people face the highest risk of mentally challenged people face the highest risk of injury or death in residential fires. injury or death in residential fires. m Too often, people fail to respond appropriately to the sound of a smoke detector, because they the sound of a smoke detector, because they assume it is a false alarm. Rather that exiting the assume it is a false alarm. Rather that exiting the building, they search to confirm the existence of a building, they search to confirm the existence of a fire, wasting the few precious minutes they may fire, wasting the few precious minutes they may have to escape. have to escape. More Fire Facts
Fire Triangle FuelOxygen Heat Fire
Fire Safety Prevention Early Warning and and Exit Drills Exit Drills
Fire Safety Prevention Protection Early Warning and and Exit Drills Exit Drills
What are Fire Sprinklers ? “Automatic Sprinklers are individually heat activated devices that are attached to a network of piping with water under pressure” Fire Sprinkler Piping Water Under Pressure
How Do They Work ? 15 ft. 15 ft 15 ft. 15 ft.
Fire Sprinklers Do Work!
Sprinkler Impact on Life Safety Health Care Hotels & Manufacturing Facilities Motels Deaths Per Thousand Fires
Sprinkler Impact On Property Damage Dollar Loss Per Fire (millions) Manufacturing Stores & Public Hotels & Offices Assembly Motels 12,900 27,800 10,500 18,000 6,200 16,100 4,500 10,200
Where are Sprinklers Found ?
What do Fire Sprinklers Cost ? m New Construction$.93 to $2.00 per sq. ft. m Existing Buildings ( Increase by 50 % )
Who Installs Fire Sprinklers ? JD's Sprinklers The Sprinkler Professionals Special Qualifications are Required
What are Residential Sprinklers ?
How are Residential Sprinklers Different ? m Respond Approx. 5 Times Faster m Less Water Needed m Different Water Application m Lower Cost to Install m More Aesthetically Pleasing
How They Work!
Residential Sprinklers Do Work ! YES !!
Sprinkler Activations Per Fire
National Institute of Standards and Technology “Estimates that installing smoke detectors and residential sprinklers in dwellings could reduce fire fatalities by eighty two percent reduce fire fatalities by eighty two percent.” A fire starts in your home and you are awakened by the smoke detector. Ceiling temperature 165 degrees TIME LINE (minutes) Residential Fire Sprinklers Operate
Pictures of sprinklers
What do Residential Sprinklers Cost ? Average cost of 1% - 1.5% of new construction ONE DOLLAR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ONE
“Look Up For Safety” In the Future … Where you : live live work work or play or play Because Fire Sprinklers Save Lives and Money, Protect what You Value Most.
Protect what You Value Most Home Fire Sprinkler Coalition..\Fire Team Tenn\j d stuff\U SA Versio n.mpg..\Fire Team Tenn\j d stuff\U SA Versio n.mpg