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17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition.

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Presentation on theme: "17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition."— Presentation transcript:

1 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Communication and Decision Making

2 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Managerial Communication Personal face-to-face Telephone Mail/fax Memos, reports, written communication , Internet web sites

3 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Communication Exchange of information Transmission of meaning Sender communicates a thought or idea and the receiver perceives exactly the intended meaning

4 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Two Types of Communication Interpersonal –Communication between two or more people Organizational –All the forms of communication that occur among individual groups or departments

5 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker 7 Elements of the Interpersonal Communication Process 1.The communication source 2.The message 3.Encoding 4.Decoding 5.The receiver 6.Feedback 7.The channel

6 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Ways to communicate interpersonally Nonverbal Body language –Facial expressions –Gestures Verbal intonation

7 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Barriers to effective interpersonal communication Perception Semantics Non-verbal communication –Misinterpretations –Multi-cultural issues Ambiguity Defensiveness

8 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Overcoming barriers Use feedback –Restate message for clarity Active listening Avoid triggering defensiveness

9 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Formal v. Informal Communication Formal –Used by managers to communicate job requirements –Follows chain of command Informal –Discussion not pertaining to job duties –Does not follow chain of command

10 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Flow of Communication Upward Downward Lateral Diagonal

11 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Communication Networks Chain Wheel All-channel The grapevine

12 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Decision Making process 1.Identify and define problem 2.Identify decision criteria 3.Allocation of weights to criteria 4.Development of alternatives 5.Analysis of alternatives 6.Selection of alternative 7.Installation of alternative 8.Evaluation of decision effectiveness

13 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Making Decisions Rationality Bounded rationality Intuition –Values- and ethics based –Experience based –Affect initiated based –Cognitive-based –Subconscious based

14 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Types of Decisions Programmed Non-programmed Conditions under which decisions are made –Certainty –Risk –Uncertainty

15 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Decision Making Styles Way of thinking Tolerance for ambiguity Directive Analytical Conceptual Behavioral

16 17 CHAPTERCHAPTER CHAPTERCHAPTER ©2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey Introduction to Hospitality Management, First Edition John Walker Trends in Decision Making Technology Management Support Systems


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