Federal Highway System 160,000 miles of roadway Federal highways receive substantial federal funding but state owned, built, operated Federal highway tax – 18¢ gas tax – 25¢ diesel tax – Tax on heavy vehicles
Federal Highway System Benefits Impacts on Environment
Relevant Laws National Park Service Act 1916 – Establishes national park service Wild and Scenic Rivers Act 1968 – Ensures protection of river’s unique environment – Preserves select rivers – 4 rivers in NC
Wildlife Refuges Developed to protect wildlife during times of crisis Managed by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Wetlands High plant productivity High biodiversity 50% of US wetlands have been altered or destroyed – Urbanization – 10% – Agriculture – 90% 1/3 of all endangered species spend part of lifecycle in wetlands
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