Presentation on theme: "Keeping Livestock Healthy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Keeping Livestock Healthy Joy Jones, Tillamook County 4-H & Agriculture AgentOregon State University Extension Service
2 Keeping Livestock Healthy Prepare for your animal before you get oneLearn about the animal.Prepare a place for it.ShelterFencingPlan on how you will care for it.FeedWaterHaulingHandling them if they are wild orwhen they need vet care.
3 Keeping Livestock Healthy Provide a safe facilityLook for hazards.Make sure it is in good repair.Provide shelter.
4 Keeping Livestock Healthy Select Healthy AnimalsLearn about the kind of animal you are buying before purchasing it.Know what problems to look forFor example: Sheep – foot rotDon’t bring problems home
5 Keeping Livestock Healthy Haul your animals safelyProvide protection from the elements.SunWindRain
6 Keeping Livestock Healthy Isolate new animals to prevent spreading diseases to your other animals.Watch for signs of diseaseCoughingNasal dischargeDiarrheaRapid breathing, panting
7 Keeping Livestock Healthy Isolate new animals for at least 2 weeks.Watch for fighting when you do add a new animal to a group.Can be a serious problem with pigsThey can become overheatedMay be injured
8 Keeping Livestock Healthy Do not change the animal’s diet rapidly.Find out what your animal has been eating.Give it similar feed while it adjusts to its’ new home.Do not changeamounts quickly.Provide clean water.
9 Keeping Livestock Healthy Vaccinate your animalsLearn what diseases are common in your area.Check with the producer to see what vaccinations your animal has received.Administer booster shots as needed.
10 Keeping Livestock Healthy Monitor your animal’s healthKnow what signs and symptoms to look for.Example: “shipping fever” or pneumonia
11 Keeping Livestock Healthy Monitor your animal’s healthDevelop a routine for checking your animalIf your animal doesn’t come for feed,don’t ignore it… check on it!If your animal acts unusual,
12 Keeping Livestock Healthy Look at your animal!Check their feed and water regularly.Don’t wait till “Saturday” to do something about a potential problem.It might be too late!
13 Keeping Livestock Healthy Be preparedLearn what your animal’s normal temperature should be.Have a rectal thermometer and know how it should be used.Know who you will contact if your animal is really sick.
14 Keeping Livestock Healthy Veterinary Practices LawIn Oregon it is illegal for someone other than a licensed veterinarian to diagnose and treat another person’s animal.This includes 4-H Leaders and friends.It is punishable with a fine.Individual’s may diagnose and treat their own animals.
15 Keeping Livestock Healthy When treatment is necessary:Administer it as directedUse correct methodExample: sub-cutaneous or intramuscular injectionFollow the timelineExample: administer every 48 hours
16 Keeping Livestock Healthy When treatment is necessary:Administer it as directedUse the product only as directedBy your veterinarianAccording to the label instructionsAvoid “Meat Animal Drug.Withdrawal” violations.Avoid show rule violations.
17 Keeping Livestock Healthy Develop a parasite prevention planLearn what parasites are problems for your area and type of animal.Monitor for parasites.Example: take fecal samplesDevelop a scheduleObserve “Meat AnimalDrug Withdrawal”periods.
18 Keeping Livestock Healthy Preventing diseases is better than treating themGenerally less costlyAnd more successfulAnimals that are sick tend to go “off feed” and don’t gain weight.Some never completelyrecover.Some die!
19 Keeping Livestock Healthy Tame your animalCalm animals are healthier.Reduce stressReduce disease
20 Keeping Livestock Healthy Tame your animalHand feeding may be a better choice than using an automatic feeder.Halter break animals early.Brush or scratch them often.