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Keeping Livestock Healthy Joy Jones, Tillamook County 4-H & Agriculture Agent Oregon State University Extension Service.

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Presentation on theme: "Keeping Livestock Healthy Joy Jones, Tillamook County 4-H & Agriculture Agent Oregon State University Extension Service."— Presentation transcript:

1 Keeping Livestock Healthy Joy Jones, Tillamook County 4-H & Agriculture Agent Oregon State University Extension Service

2 Keeping Livestock Healthy Prepare for your animal before you get one Prepare for your animal before you get one Learn about the animal. Learn about the animal. Prepare a place for it. Prepare a place for it. Shelter Shelter Fencing Fencing Plan on how you will care for it. Plan on how you will care for it. Feed Feed Water Water Hauling Hauling Handling them if they are wild or Handling them if they are wild or when they need vet care.

3 Keeping Livestock Healthy Provide a safe facility Provide a safe facility Look for hazards. Look for hazards. Make sure it is in good repair. Make sure it is in good repair. Provide shelter. Provide shelter.

4 Keeping Livestock Healthy Select Healthy Animals Select Healthy Animals Learn about the kind of animal you are buying before purchasing it. Learn about the kind of animal you are buying before purchasing it. Know what problems to look for Know what problems to look for For example: Sheep – foot rot For example: Sheep – foot rot Don’t bring problems home Don’t bring problems home

5 Keeping Livestock Healthy Haul your animals safely Haul your animals safely Provide protection from the elements. Provide protection from the elements. Sun Sun Wind Wind Rain Rain

6 Keeping Livestock Healthy Isolate new animals to prevent spreading diseases to your other animals. Isolate new animals to prevent spreading diseases to your other animals. Watch for signs of disease Watch for signs of disease Coughing Coughing Nasal discharge Nasal discharge Diarrhea Diarrhea Rapid breathing, panting Rapid breathing, panting

7 Keeping Livestock Healthy Isolate new animals for at least 2 weeks. Isolate new animals for at least 2 weeks. Watch for fighting when you do add a new animal to a group. Watch for fighting when you do add a new animal to a group. Can be a serious problem with pigs Can be a serious problem with pigs They can become overheated They can become overheated May be injured May be injured

8 Keeping Livestock Healthy Do not change the animal’s diet rapidly. Do not change the animal’s diet rapidly. Find out what your animal has been eating. Find out what your animal has been eating. Give it similar feed while it adjusts to its’ new home. Give it similar feed while it adjusts to its’ new home. Do not change Do not change amounts quickly. Provide clean water. Provide clean water.

9 Keeping Livestock Healthy Vaccinate your animals Vaccinate your animals Learn what diseases are common in your area. Learn what diseases are common in your area. Check with the producer to see what vaccinations your animal has received. Check with the producer to see what vaccinations your animal has received. Administer booster shots as needed. Administer booster shots as needed.

10 Monitor your animal’s health Monitor your animal’s health Know what signs and symptoms to look for. Know what signs and symptoms to look for. Example: “shipping fever” or pneumonia Example: “shipping fever” or pneumonia Keeping Livestock Healthy

11 Keeping Livestock Healthy Monitor your animal’s health Monitor your animal’s health Develop a routine for checking your animal Develop a routine for checking your animal If your animal doesn’t come for feed, If your animal doesn’t come for feed, don’t ignore it… check on it! If your animal acts unusual, If your animal acts unusual, don’t ignore it… check on it!

12 Keeping Livestock Healthy Look at your animal! Look at your animal! Check their feed and water regularly. Check their feed and water regularly. Don’t wait till “Saturday” to do something about a potential problem. Don’t wait till “Saturday” to do something about a potential problem. It might be too late! It might be too late!

13 Keeping Livestock Healthy Be prepared Be prepared Learn what your animal’s normal temperature should be. Learn what your animal’s normal temperature should be. Have a rectal thermometer and know how it should be used. Have a rectal thermometer and know how it should be used. Know who you will contact if your animal is really sick. Know who you will contact if your animal is really sick.

14 Keeping Livestock Healthy Veterinary Practices Law Veterinary Practices Law In Oregon it is illegal for someone other than a licensed veterinarian to diagnose and treat another person’s animal. In Oregon it is illegal for someone other than a licensed veterinarian to diagnose and treat another person’s animal. This includes 4-H Leaders and friends. This includes 4-H Leaders and friends. It is punishable with a fine. It is punishable with a fine. Individual’s may diagnose and treat their own animals. Individual’s may diagnose and treat their own animals.

15 Keeping Livestock Healthy When treatment is necessary: When treatment is necessary: Administer it as directed Administer it as directed Use correct method Use correct method Example: sub-cutaneous or intramuscular injection Example: sub-cutaneous or intramuscular injection Follow the timeline Follow the timeline Example: administer every 48 hours Example: administer every 48 hours

16 Keeping Livestock Healthy When treatment is necessary: When treatment is necessary: Administer it as directed Administer it as directed Use the product only as directed Use the product only as directed By your veterinarian By your veterinarian According to the label instructions According to the label instructions Avoid “Meat Animal Drug. Avoid “Meat Animal Drug. Withdrawal” violations. Avoid show rule violations. Avoid show rule violations.

17 Keeping Livestock Healthy Develop a parasite prevention plan Develop a parasite prevention plan Learn what parasites are problems for your area and type of animal. Learn what parasites are problems for your area and type of animal. Monitor for parasites. Monitor for parasites. Example: take fecal samples Example: take fecal samples Develop a schedule Develop a schedule Observe “Meat Animal Observe “Meat Animal Drug Withdrawal” periods.

18 Keeping Livestock Healthy Preventing diseases is better than treating them Preventing diseases is better than treating them Generally less costly Generally less costly And more successful And more successful Animals that are sick tend to go “off feed” and don’t gain weight. Animals that are sick tend to go “off feed” and don’t gain weight. Some never completely Some never completelyrecover. Some die! Some die!

19 Keeping Livestock Healthy Tame your animal Tame your animal Calm animals are healthier. Calm animals are healthier. Reduce stress Reduce stress Reduce disease Reduce disease

20 Keeping Livestock Healthy Tame your animal Tame your animal Hand feeding may be a better choice than using an automatic feeder. Hand feeding may be a better choice than using an automatic feeder. Halter break animals early. Halter break animals early. Brush or scratch them often. Brush or scratch them often.

21 Keeping Livestock Healthy Keep facilities clean Keep facilities clean Clean water Clean water Help prevent coccidiosis – keep feces out of water. Help prevent coccidiosis – keep feces out of water. Clean feed Clean feed Help prevent worms. Help prevent worms. Clean pen Clean pen Help reduce pathogens. Help reduce pathogens. Clean air Clean air Help reduce respiratory infections. Help reduce respiratory infections.

22 Keeping Livestock Healthy Be prepared. Be prepared. Prevent problems before they happen. Prevent problems before they happen. Be vigilant – watch your animal. Be vigilant – watch your animal. Act quickly – seek help when needed. Act quickly – seek help when needed. Follow through on prescribed treatments. Follow through on prescribed treatments.

23 Keeping Your 4-H Market Animals Healthy Available at:


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