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It will take a nationwide response by communities and individuals to fight the H1N1 flu. Presented by Portage County Public Health and Partners WHAT YOU.

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Presentation on theme: "It will take a nationwide response by communities and individuals to fight the H1N1 flu. Presented by Portage County Public Health and Partners WHAT YOU."— Presentation transcript:

1 It will take a nationwide response by communities and individuals to fight the H1N1 flu. Presented by Portage County Public Health and Partners WHAT YOU NEED TO DO TO FIGHT THE NEW H1N1 FLU

2 Overview What is H1N1? What can I do? What is taking place to protect my community?

3 Flu Virus Subtypes for Add picture Week 17 was April 20, 2009

4 H1N1 Background  H1N1 is a NEW FLU virus as of March  It is important to pay attention to H1N1 because:  People have no natural immunity to the H1N1 virus.  Spreads from person to person very easily and quickly.  It has caused serious sickness and death in otherwise healthy people.  Public health officials are preparing for H1N1 to cause more sickness and death.  It is NOT the same as a seasonal flu virus.

5 How did this happen? Each year, flu viruses change just enough to cause a “drift” Because they change slightly, humans have some immunity to pieces and parts of these flu viruses. ex: Honda is known for making cars. When a flu virus changes drastically, it is called a “shift” Because this drastic change happens so quickly, most humans have no immunity to any pieces or parts of the new flu virus. ex: Honda’s brand new line of pick-up trucks. Before a few years ago, Honda never made trucks before.

6 How does H1N1 spread?  H1N1 flu virus spreads the same way as seasonal flu virus:  Through uncovered coughs and sneezes.  By touching infected objects and then touching your eyes, nose and/or mouth. Most flu viruses live on hard surfaces for a few hours.

7 Seasonal Flu & H1N1 Symptoms Seasonal Flu Symptoms: Fever Headache Tiredness Cough Sore throat Runny nose Muscle aches H1N1 Flu Symptoms: Same as Seasonal flu symptoms and may be more severe. 25% of cases also had stomach illness such as vomiting or diarrhea

8 Seasonal Flu vs. H1N1 Flu  The very young and the very old tend have severe complications from seasonal flu.  Severe complications from H1N1 Flu:  Pregnant Women  Infants to 24 years  Under 65 with underlying medical conditions: Asthma, diabetes, lung, kidney, heart diseases

9 Preventing the Spread of Illness Practice the 3 C’s: Clean. Cover. Contain. Clean – Wash hands well and often. Cover – Coughs and sneezes with tissue or arm. Contain – Stay home when you are sick. A normal temperature for 24 hours without medication means that you are well again.

10 H1N1 Vaccination  CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)  July 29,2009 – decided on target groups should there be less of a supply than needed to vaccinate everyone at once.  Nasal spray and shot available  Ages 9 and under need 2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart. Everyone else needs one dose.  Used under Federal Emergency Use Authorization

11 H1N1 Vaccine Information  A Vaccine is being made to protect against the H1N1 virus.  Available Mid-October to December.  Certain groups may be asked to get the vaccine as soon as one is available.  If you are in such a group, please get the shot when it’s first available.

12 H1N1 Flu Shots  Groups that are recommended to received the H1N1 Flu Shot as soon as it’s available:  Pregnant Women  Caretakers of infants <6 months old  All people 6 months to 24 years old  People years old with chronic conditions such as asthma, diabetes, kidney, heart, and/or lung disease.  Anticipating enough vaccine available by December for all people

13 Is the H1N1 Flu Shot Safe?  People with egg allergies can not get the shot.  Testing the flu shots in healthy people.  No known serious complications.  Same side effects as seasonal flu shot:  Redness and soreness at site  More information please visit:

14 Community Response to H1N1  Local Portage County Public Health and partners began a formal H1N1 response on April 26,  Confirmed local case on May 5, One of first confirmed cases in Ohio.  Activated an information hotline at the height of local emergency response in April and May.  Monitoring and tracking of influenza-like illnesses is taking place.

15 Community Response  Working on local website for information.  H1N1 education at Randolph Fair and other community events.  Planning for vaccine distribution efforts and public information for the fall.  Trained EMT’s and volunteer nurses to vaccinate population.

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17 A Special Thanks to Our Local Partners

18 More H1N1 Information  Portage County Health Department  Ohio Department of Health  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  American Red Cross


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