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Process Safety Management: Some Lessons from Recent Incidents Presentation to the Introduction to Environmental, Health & Safety Workshop CSChE 2008 Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Process Safety Management: Some Lessons from Recent Incidents Presentation to the Introduction to Environmental, Health & Safety Workshop CSChE 2008 Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Process Safety Management: Some Lessons from Recent Incidents Presentation to the Introduction to Environmental, Health & Safety Workshop CSChE 2008 Conference Ottawa, ON, October 21, 2008 Graham Creedy, P.Eng, FCIC, FEIC Senior Manager, Responsible Care® Canadian Chemical Producers Association (613) ,

2 2 Origins of this Workshop Why Process Safety Management? Knowing (and meeting) the regulations is important; but is not enough – especially in Canada Need to Know: –How to spot the hazards –Why and How defences fail –How to communicate

3 3 Personal safety hazards can sometimes be easy to spot; but major hazards are often not obvious Keep an open mind about hazards – do not assume that if it is important, someone else would have noted it Know the basic hazard identification & risk assessment techniques and when to use them If using a contractor for this, know enough to watch for competence

4 4 Why and How Defences Fail People often assume systems work as intended, despite warning signs Examples of good performance are cited as representing the whole, while poor ones are overlooked or soon forgotten Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) should include human and organizational aspects as well as equipment, physical and IT systems

5 5 Avonmouth, UK 1996 Although not recent, it is a classic example of a latent failure Hazard of material known, but lack of awareness of potential system failure mode leads to defective procedure design

6 6 Ghent, WV 2007 Hazards well-known and supposedly covered by equipment and procedure design Latent errors in procedure execution allow actual practice to deviate from assumed

7 7 Danvers, MA 2006 Hazards known, but defences compromised by apparently benign change Latent error in procedure design creates vulnerability to likely execution error

8 8 Port Wentworth, GA 2007 Hazard of material not obvious (despite history) Latent error allowed dust to accumulate, creating conditions for subsequent events

9 9 James Reasons Cheese Model shows how the layers of protection intended to control hazards are not perfect, but are subject to holes that can increase over time if not monitored carefully. Eventually the holes are such that enough defences fail, leading to a major incident

10 10 The Process Safety Management Guide Summarizes CCPS approach in handy, short booklet Available as free download from CSChEs PSM division website, in English and French (or as booklet, for nominal fee) Website:

11 11 A page from the HISAT Site Self- Assessment Tool, available on the PSM Division website

12 12 The US Chemical Safety Board website has case studies and videos – great for understanding and Could it happen here?www.csb.gov Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) guide –Easy to use –Describes hazard evaluation procedures –Explains when and how to use them Understanding and sizing up the hazards

13 13 When communicating, remember the New Product Introduction Curve Categories differ by ability and more importantly, motivation Where is your org, and your boss, on this curve? Innovators Early Adopters Early Majority Laggards Late Majority Percent adoption

14 14 Dealing with a Safety (or Engineering) Problem Finding out who youre dealing with –Where is the organization on the curve? (generally, and re the specific issue or problem) –Where are the people youre dealing with on the curve? (generally, and re the issue or problem) Finding out what to do –Benchmark – dont try to reinvent the wheel unless youre sure there isnt one already (or youve time and its fun to do so) –Find out what others are doing about it –Read the instructions –Identify/define the issue –If its likely to be regulated, check with government agencies, trade associations, web, internet –If not regulated but likely good industry practice, check suppliers, other users of same material or item, other users of similar items, other industry contacts – but test the info!!! (cross-check, ask if it makes sense) –Check standard reference works,(Lees, CCPS, etc) Doing it –Try to think of all situations that are likely to occur (process, eqpt, people) –KISS, keep it user-friendly, show basis for decisions if practical to do so –Follow up afterwards to see how its working

15 15 Questions?


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