Presentation on theme: "1 Operating Procedures and Training Presented at: IIAR 2004 Ammonia Refrigeration Conference & Trade Show, Kissimmee, Florida By: Lawrence F. Tex Hildebrand."— Presentation transcript:
1 Operating Procedures and Training Presented at: IIAR 2004 Ammonia Refrigeration Conference & Trade Show, Kissimmee, Florida By: Lawrence F. Tex Hildebrand Vern M. Sanderson Michael D. Axthelm Wagner-Meinert, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN.
2 INTRODUCTION We will discuss Techniques which can be used to: Develop Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) Increase Safety Streamline Operations Reduce costs Develop Relevant Training for SOPs
3 Developing SOPs (1) Standard Operating Procedures or SOPs are required by Federal Law. (OSHA, EPA, etc.) Thorough SOPs are a necessity, not a luxury! SOPs need to be a living document, utilized, reviewed, and modified to meet actual operating conditions.
4 Developing SOPs (2) Standard Operating Procedures must: Include all elements required by Federal Regulations as well as industry standards and guidelines. Be task specific for our industry. Operating Limits Deviations and consequences to operating limits, and steps to take to avoid or recover from those consequences.
5 Developing SOPs (3) Standard Operating Procedures must: Be easily understood by the operators required to use them. Be reviewed by management and operators, as often as necessary, to assure that they reflect actual operating practices and current company policies. Be certified, in writing, annually.
6 Developing SOPs (4) Standard Operating Procedures should include: Technical operating specifications on the equipment covered therein. Valve numbers, descriptions, functions, position & set points Functional labels for all items of equipment
7 Developing SOPs (5) Standard Operating Procedures should be written to the understanding of the lowest skill level of the person you may have using them.
8 Developing SOPs (6) Standard Operating Procedures should not include: Cumbersome and unnecessary details and information. Impossible to accomplish tasks. Confusing or easily misunderstood language. Instructions which are in violation of other company policies.
9 Increase Safety Safety is the most important aspect of an SOP. Safety may be the most overlooked area of SOP development. Operators need to understand the consequences of circumventing safety systems.
10 Per EPA, Costs can be greatly reduced by doing it right the first time Assure that process information is correct before drafting SOPs. Proper selection of the development team. Utilize a Typical (standard) format. How do we control costs of SOPs?
11 Look for Cash Elsewhere Consult your insurance company. Move money from other areas of your budget (shift budget dollars from penalties and legal fees to SOP development). Move workers compensation and insurance expenses to workers safety (SOPs).
12 SOPs Streamline Operations Allow more diversity in work assignments. Greater operator efficiency. (Less mistakes) Less key operator dependence. More productive use of scheduled downtime. Improves Operator Retention.
14 Operator Training Training is required by law. Employee must undergo Initial training before being assigned to a process. Refresher training is required at least every three years, or sooner. Training associated with changes.
15 Operators should be trained at least on the following topics: Awareness of hazards associated with the process. Overview of the process. Good manufacturing and safe work practices. Basic refrigeration principles. Organization, purpose, use, and limitations of SOPs (use representative samples).
16 Methods to use for Operator Training: Classroom training. Hands on training. Apprentice understudy to an experienced operator. Address as many senses as possible. I tell you and you forget! I show you and you remember! I involve you and you understand!!!
17 Training Documentation A vital part of compliance is the documentation of training. This can be accomplished by: Written exams. Oral exams and observation of performance by supervisor. Document the training method and results.
18 Handling Difficult Students: Dont assume a student is difficult because of their apparent poor attitude. Find their preferred mode of learning. Adapt training methods to motivate all students. Capitalize on their motivations!
19 SOPs and Contractors Contractors and/or contract operators must : Use the same SOPs as your own operators. Be trained at least to the same level as your own operators.
20 Pitfalls of SOPs and Training The three most common SOP citations are: Lack of SOPs SOPs are not task-specific SOPs are written but not implemented
21 Summary (1) Thorough SOPs are a necessity, NOT a luxury! SOPs need to be a living document, utilized, reviewed, and modified to meet actual operating conditions. An offensive approach to SOPs is one of your best lines of defense! Thorough training is required for all operators.
22 Summary (2) Remember that the road to safety is a continuing journey, not a single step; a recipe that incorporates a great deal of common sense, mixed with some respect for ammonia, tossed with healthy portions of information, documentation and training!