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Drivers Ed Chapter 5 Review
What is the force that pulls things toward the center of the earth?gravity
If you place a filled roof-top carrier on a car, what happens to the center of gravity?raises it
The energy of motion is called _____.kinetic energy
If a car’s speed doubles, the distance it will take to stop is increased by ____.4
What action keeps the tires on the road?friction
What do tire treads have to do with water flow?pushes water away from the tire
What do shock absorbers do?help create traction
A car driven around a curve has a natural tendency to go in a ____ path.straight
The higher your speed, the more _______ is required.traction
perception + reaction + braking distance = ____total stopping distance
What happens to braking distance as speed doubles?it doubles
What does the 4 second rule mean?it’s the time it takes you to react to a traffic event
What does the second collision consist of?the occupants hitting the inside of the car after the initial collision
Is a seatbelt and active or passive restraint?
What is a restraint called that doesn’t require the driver to handle it?passive restraint
The point at which all weight is evenly balanced is known as thecenter of gravity
What does adding weight to the top of a car do to the stability?makes it worse
If a tire is underinflated, the only part that touches the road is theoutside edges
tires, shock absorbers, and steering systems all affecttraction
Which freezes first – the bridge, or the road?
When is the best time to adjust your speed when maneuvering a curve?before the curve
If your brakes are worn unevenly, your car will ____ during a sudden stop.pull to one side
The relationship of vehicle weight to force of impact isdouble the weight, double the impact
What are 2 things that help you maintain good traction?car condition and road conditions
what is the best type of surface to drive on?clean, dry, level concrete
What are the 4 factors that affect the control of your car in a curve.speed banked curves sharpness of curve load
Explain split/divided traction.½ used for turning, ½ for braking
What are the 4 factors that affect braking distance?speed road surface hills load
What are the 3 factors that determine the force of impact?speed weight distance between impact and stop
What is the PA child safety law?children under 4 – federally approved safety seats; 4-7 booster seat; 8-17 must be buckled
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