Presentation on theme: "Skill related Health Related"— Presentation transcript:
1Skill related Health Related BP CARS Big Fat Maureen Munches CakesBalancePowerCoordinationAgilityReaction timeSpeedBody CompositionFlexibilityMuscular StrengthMuscular EnduranceCardiovascular fitness
2Fitness tests Coopers 12 min run – Cardiovascular fitness Hand grip test – StrengthSit and reach – FlexibilityHarvard step test – Cardiovascular & Muscular enduranceIllinois agility run – AgilityStanding stork test – BalanceSergeant jump – PowerRuler drop test – Reaction time30 meter sprint – SpeedThree ball juggle - Coordination
3Principles of training RIPS FITT Reverse F - Frequency of activity - How often you exercise. to make improvements in fitness you should train 3-5 times a week for at least 20mins. I - Intensity of activity - how hard you should exercise. T - Time spent on activity - how long you should exercise.T - Type - what exercise you should use. It can be good to vary training sessions so that you dont get bored of the same old workout.You use the FITT principle to apply and change overload when training.R - Rest & Recovery: Recovery is the time needed for your body to repair any damage caused by physical activity. Rest is the amount of time you allow your body to recover.I - Individual differences/needs: making training match the needs of an Individual.P - Progressive Overload: to gradually increase the amount of overload you do to increase your fitness without the injury risk. S - Specificity: matching training to the skills/fitness components for an activity.Reversibility - You need to keep training or your fitness will be lost. If you become injured or you stop training your fitness gains will be reversed and you will lose fitness.
4Methods of Training 100% Aerobic 100% Anaerobic CONTINUOUS CROSS Remember - WIF CCC Weight (resistance)IntervalFartlekContinuousCrossCircuitCONTINUOUSCROSSFartlek training and Interval training methods can be adapted to develop the aerobic system or anaerobic system.Circuit and cross training can be adapted to develop more aerobic or anaerobic systems depending on the outcome required.FARTLEK50%CIRCUITThe exact proportions will vary according to the details of what is done during each activity in their training programme.INTERVALWEIGHT100% Anaerobic
5The Exercise SessionA training session, match or competition should always have three parts.1) Warm -Up2) Main Activity3) Cool- DownYou need to be able to show an understanding of how and why we warm up and cool down;-Warm up – A warm up is split up into 3 sections.(1)= Pulse raising. Normally gentle jogging(2)= Stretching, Particular focus on the muscles which are to be used during exercise.(3)= The activity related part, sprinting, a passing drill, ballistic bouncing
6DIET - Fat Men Can’t Play Football Very Well Fats – Slow release energyMinerals - Help body grow and functionCarbohydrates – Provide instant energyProteins – Tissue repair + energyFibre – provide roughage for digestive system to workVitamins – Help body grow and functionWater – Keep system hydrated and working properly
7Performance enhancing drugs All drugs should not be permitted SomatotypesEndomorph – Dumphy Large frame - overfatEctomorph – Tall thinMeasomorph – Muscley – wide shouldersPerformance enhancing drugsAll drugs should not be permittedAnabolic steroids – increase bone and muscle growth – help repair quickerDiuretics – Increase the amount you urinate, used for weight lossStimulants – increase physical and mental alertnessNarcotic analgesics – Kill painBeta Blockers – Clam nerves and reduce heart ratePeptide Hormones – EPO – increases red bloods cellsOthers mimic hormones like testosterone.
9What types of movement are possible at the following joints? Ball and Socket Joint:ExtensionFlexionAbductionAdductionRotationHinge Joint:ExtensionFlexion
10Injury in sport Prevention of Injury the rules of the game correct clothing/footwear; protective clothing/equipment for different sportsbalanced competition in terms of grading/skill levels/weight/age/sexwarm-up and cool-down practices.Injury typesFractures• Joint injuries — dislocation; tennis and golf elbow; cartilage of the knee; twisted ankle• Unconsciousness/concussion• Soft tissue injures• Skin damage: cuts/grazes/blisters• Dehydration and hypothermiaTreatments• D.R.A.B.C * and resuscitation (Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation)• Recovery position – To keep airway clear for if become sick• R.I.C.E.** (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation)
11Sports Participation Pyramid You can take part as a –Player (participant)Leader (coach etc..)Official (referee etc..)Volunteer - (chairman, helper etc..)These are known as different roles in sport!!
12Goal setting - Remember S.M.A.R.T. Influences on your Healthy Active Lifestyle People – family, peers, role models Image - fashion influences, media coverage Cultural factors – Age, disability, gender, race Resource – availability, location, access, time Health and Well being – illness, health problems Socio-economic – cost, statusGoal setting - Remember S.M.A.R.T. S Specific – must to the pointM Measurable – can be measured and comparedA Achievable – challenging but not to difficultR Realistic – matched to the performers skill levelT Time bound – Set for a particular time to be completed by