3 70s 80s Differences between Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic cells Bacterial cells also contain flagellum, plasmid and capsule.FeatureProkaryoteEukaryoteSizeSmall about 0.5 micrometersUp to 40 micrometersGenetic materialCircular DNA (in cytoplasm)DNA in form of linear chromosomes ( in nucleus)OrganellesFew present, none membrane boundMany organelles:Double membranes e.g.: nucleus, mitochondria & chloroplastsSingle membrane e.g.: GA, ER & lysosomesCell wallsRigid formed from glycoproteins (mainly murein)Fungi: rigid, formed from polysaccharide, chitin.Plant: rigid, formed from polysaccharides. E.g.: cellulose.Animals no cell wallRibosome’s70s80s
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