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Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
Cells Prokaryotes Eukaryotes Plant Animal ProtistsFungi Bacteria Archaea
Cell History Prokaryotic Ancient cells First type of cell Primitive cells Eukaryotic Modern cells
Two Cell Types ProkaryoticEukaryotic
Prokaryotic Cells Pili
Prokaryotic Cells No membrane bound nucleus Nucleoid = region of DNA concentration Organelles not bound by membranes
Eukaryotic Cells Nucleus bound by membrane Include fungi, protists, plant, and animal cells Possess many organelles Protozoan
Structure Functions Flagellum Pili Capsule Cell Wall Plasma Membrane Ribosomes DNA Draw a bacteria cell and label the following parts and describe the function:
Flagellum Hair-like structure Used for locomotion movement
Pili Tiny hair-like structures that branch out from cell wall Attach to host tissue or cell gives them the ability to cause infection Used for conjugation (sending genes)
Capsule Protects from drying out provides protection against phagocytosis from immune cells
Cell Wall Makes cell rigid and gives it shape An anchor for pili and flagella
Comparison Chart AttributesProkaryotesEukaryotes Cell Size Cell Organization Presence of Organelles Nucleus DNA Ribosomes ATP Cell Wall Type of Organisms Size of Organisms
Prokaryotic Smaller cells 1 to 10 µm Eukaryotic Larger cells 10 to 100 µm
Cell Size Comparison
Cell Organization Prokaryotic Simple cells with all parts in “one room” Eukaryotic Complex cells with many compartments
Presence of Organelles Prokaryotic Ribosomes only Eukaryotic Many, specialized organelles
Nucleus Prokaryotic NONE! Eukaryotic Present
DNA Prokaryotic DNA is loose in the cytoplasm DNA held of circular chromosome Eukaryotic DNA is protected in the nucleus bound by a membrane DNA held on linear chromosomes
Ribosomes Prokaryotic Small (70s) Eukaryotic Large (80s)
ATP Prokaryotic Production occurs in infolded regions of the cell surface membrane called mesosomes Eukaryotic Production occurs in mitochondria
Cell Wall Prokaryotic Peptidoglyan based (if present) Eukaryotic Cellulose based (if present)
Type of Organisms Prokaryotic Bacteria only! Eukaryotic Plants, Animals, Fungi, and Protists Archaea
Size of Organisms Prokaryotic Always unicellular Bacteria are cell size: 1 to 10 µm Eukaryotic Mostly multi-cellular Range from cell size (10µm) to the size of a sequoia tree (83 m)
Representative Animal Cell
Representative Plant Cell
By: LeAnna Dessert and Olive. A type of cell lacking a membrane enclosed nucleus and membrane enclosed organelles. Organisms with prokaryotic cells.
Prokaryotic Cells 1.1 IB Biology. Prokaryotic Cell DNA is concentrated in a non-membrane enclosed region Has no true nucleus or membrane bound organelles.
Cell Types and Cell Structure. Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic no nucleus no membrane enclosed organelles single chromosome no streaming in the cytoplasm cell.
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic Cells.
Bellringer-November 24, How does the cell in a tadpole compare to the size of a cell in a whale? 2.What makes a whale so much larger than a tadpole?
September 25 Agenda Attendance Biomolecules and enzymes QUIZ Notes over cell types, structures and functions Quiz next class over cell structures and functions.
Parts of the Prokaryotic Cell. Check your Understanding 1) What is the main difference between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell? 2) What are the parts.
Cell Theory Is a fundamental concept of biology. It states: – All living things are composed of cells. – Cells are the basic units of structure and function.
Differences between Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic cells Bacterial cells also contain flagellum, plasmid and capsule. FeatureProkaryoteEukaryote Size Small.
Two Types of Cells Prokaryotic Cell vs. Eukaryotic Cells.
Notes: Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes From Chapter 4 in your book.
Cell types Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells. Nucleus Nucleus contains DNA Membrane-bound organelles including Nucleolus Nuclear membrane/Envelope Free.
LESSON 1: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells LEARNING OUTCOMES By the end of the lesson, you should be able to: Describe the structure of prokaryotic and.
There are two main types of cells; Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes Prokaryotic Cells Prokaryotic cells are the oldest forms of life and evolved 3.5 billion.
PROKARYOTIC VS. EUKARYOTIC. 6 KINGDOM CLASSIFICATION PROKARYOTES: NO NUCLEUS EUKARYOTES: HAVE A NUCLEUS.
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Prokaryotes Prokaryotes: (pro- means before, and -karyote means nucleus) First type of cells to evolve Very small (size of.
Prokaryotic Cells Advanced Higher Biology. Prokaryotic Cells “ pro ” – before“ karyo “– nucleus Prokaryotes were probably the first forms of life on earth.
COMPARING PROKARYOTES & EUKARYOTES. PROKARYOTESEUKARYOTES CYTOPLASM Cell Membrane DNA Always single- celled No Nucleus DNA is a simple, Single loop Small.
CELL THEORY All organisms are composed of cells The cell is the smallest unit of living matter Cells arise from pre-existing cells Information.
LN# 8 Cells. Cells Cells are the basic unit of living organisms. The cell theory describes the connection between living things and cells. The cell theory.
1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? a. Ability to store hereditary information b. Use of organelles to control cell processes.
Topic 2.2 Prokaryotic Cells. Types of Cell Cells can be simply split into two types based on their complexity. Prokaryotic Eukaryotic.
Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote. Karyote “kernel” When scientists first saw cells under a Microscope they noticed that some cells had a dark region in the center.
Life is Cellular First to View Cells In 1665, Robert Hooke used a microscope to examine a thin slice of cork (dead plant cells)
Introduction to the Cell Cell Theory, Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes.
The Cell Why study cells? organisms are made up of cells cells do all the work of life!
Chapter 2 – Part 2 Cell Theory Cell Types. The Cell Theory 1. All living things are made of one or more cells 2. Cells are the basic units of structure.
Cell Types Mrs. Harlin Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells in terms of their general structures (plasma membrane and genetic material) and.
Discovery of Cells. First to View Cells In 1665, Robert Hooke used a microscope to examine a thin slice of cork What he saw looked like small boxes so.
Cell Structure and Function Lab 4. Cells The cell is the basic unit of life. Cell theory – all living things are composed of cells. Cells only come.
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells. Two Types Of Cells 1. PROKARYOTE 2. EUKARYOTE.
Two Basic Cell Types: Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells.
Cells vocabulary. Animal Cell Animal Cell: Basic unit of animal cells. Has no cell wall, small vacuoles, and no chloroplasts.
Chapter 7 Review Types of Cells, Cell organelles, Diffusion/Osmosis.
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells Honors Biology. 2 LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION Nonliving Levels: 1.ATOM (element) 2.MOLECULE (compounds like carbohydrates &
Prokaryote Eukaryote Plant Cell Animal Cell Can be multicellular or unicellular Does not have a cell wall Uses photosynthesis Unicellular.
Starter Using page 19 first few paragraphs under the prokaryotic cells title work out the answers to the following 1. Give definitions of the terms prokaryotic.
THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells Cells are the basic units of structure and function.
Chapter 4. All living organisms are made up of cells Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living organisms. All cells come from.
Cell Type, Structure, & Function Bio.4 - Biology Science concepts. The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things with specialized.
Prokaryotic Cells IB Topic 2.2. Identifying Cells Cells are divided into groups based on major characteristics Cells are divided into two major groups:
Cell Organelles. Types of Cells Prokaryotic Prokaryotes are very simple cells Probably first to inhabit the earth. Prokaryotic cells do not contain.
Prokaryotic Cell Both Eukaryotic Cell Pg # ‘s ________.
Cell Comparisons Plant vs Animal Cells. Prokaryotic Cells Bacteria and Archaebacteria ONLY NO Nucleus! DNA is free floating NO organelles! All chemical.
1 Cells 8What is a cell? A cell is a membrane bound unit containing hereditary material and other compounds that make metabolism, growth and reproduction.
Cell Structure. Cytology n All cells have –a plasma membrane that separates the cell’s internal parts from the environment –organelles (internal structures.
Cell Theory. 1. All living things are made of cells.
2.3 Eukaryotic Cells Animal cell Plant Cell. The diagram should show ribosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER), lysosome, Golgi apparatus, mitochondrion,
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