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Roadmaps for Research and Research Topics in Digital Culture European Commission Preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage DG INFSO/E Luxembourg.

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Presentation on theme: "Roadmaps for Research and Research Topics in Digital Culture European Commission Preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage DG INFSO/E Luxembourg."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roadmaps for Research and Research Topics in Digital Culture European Commission Preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage DG INFSO/E Luxembourg 28 January 2003 Kim H. Veltman Maastricht McLuhan Institute

2 G CAPTURE NAVIGATE ARCHIVE DISPLAY

3 2002 Capture Archive ACCESS Navigate Display

4 2002 PRESERVE Capture Archive LEARNACCESS Navigate Display CREATE

5 1995 PRESERVE LEARN ACCESS CREATE

6 2002 PRESERVE ECPA -European Commission For Preservation and Access ERPANET-European Resource Preservation and Access Network ENCORE -European Network of Conservation and Restoration Education C2RMF -Centre de Recherche et Rerstauration des Musées de France

7 2002 PRESERVE 1. Physical Network Linking Conservation Departments in France as basis for European Network re: Expertise building on efforts of ERPANET and ENCORE and as part of NoE for Culture.

8 2002 PRESERVE 2. Physical Sub-Network Linking Conservation Departments specifically dealing with “Born Digital” materials using the International Network of Conservators of Contemporary Art (INCCA) EoI as point of departure.

9 2002 PRESERVE 3. Explore requirements for European Mirrored Repositories (EMR) as protection against human and natural disaster in context of a Distributed European Electronic Resource (DEER). Explore if an European Digital Documentation Centre (EDDC) is needed.

10 2002 PRESERVE 4. Need to build preservation into creation/production life-cycle such that preservation becomes a part of every IP and STRP just as dissemination is today.

11 1995 PRESERVE LEARN ACCESS CREATE

12 ACCESS IFLA International Federation of Library Associations ICOMInternational Council of Museums ICAInternational Council on Archives DELOSNetwork of Excellence on Digital Libraries NEMONetwork of European Museum Associations EAN European Archival Network

13 PRESERVE and ACCESS ECPA -European Commission For Preservation and Access ERPANET-European Resource Preservation and Access Network

14 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge We need a Grid for Culture which builds on the solutions of the E-Science Grid where appropriate.

15 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge This requires building high speed broadband into projects so that institutions are linked through GEANT.

16 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge.

17 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge In science laws apply globally In culture expressions vary nationally, regionally and locally.

18 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge To overcome problems of subsidiarity we need an approach that leaves national, regional and especially local cultures and languages intact to assure a Unity of diversities (Ruffolo)

19 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge Digital Autonomous Cultural Objects (DACOs, Thaller) and Multilingual Access to Subjects (MACS) offer part of the solution.

20 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge Use templates for links to different local, regional, national templates: Master Templates

21 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge We need not just the official story but the same story from different viewpoints.

22 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge LocalPeriphery Fact Regional Provinces Event Story National Centre International e.g. Europe GlobalWorld Centre Elements for a New Framework

23 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge S emantic access and knowledge organisation Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensions

24 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge S emantic access and knowledge organisation Multilingual Sharing of: Technical Terms C2RMF Culturally Variable Terms AMP Semantic Terms SEMKOS

25 Last Supper Matthew Mark Luke John Texts New Testament Paintings Milan Santa Maria delle Grazie Florence San Marco FlorenceSanta Croce AssisiSan Francesco Reproductions Engravings Lithographs Photographs Videos Copies London Lugano Pavia Tongero Versions Variations Based on Caricatures Dynamic Knowledge: Same Title in Different Media

26 Dynamic Knowledge Same Title in Different Lists Need access not only to today’s list of Rembrandt’s paintings but lists which change over time.

27 Dynamic Knowledge Integration of various lists which change over time ManuscriptsTranscriptionsTranslationsInterpretations Criticism Paintings Instruments

28 Dynamic Culture Same Object in Different Interpretations Archeoguide: Reconstruction of Temple of Hera, Olympia

29 Augmented Reality IBM

30 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensions Integration of Spatial Scales ( UMTS, GPS, GIS) Object Room Building Site (Archaeological) City Landscape Route

31 Dynamic Geography Europe in 1000 Europe in 1400

32 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge S emantic access and knowledge organisation Virtual Reference Rooms TermsClassifications DefinitionsDictionaries ExplanationsEncyclopaedias Authors, Titles Partial Contents Full Contents

33 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge S emantic access and knowledge organisation Virtual Libraries TermsClassifications DefinitionsDictionaries ExplanationsEncyclopaedias Authors, Titles Partial Contents Full Contents Internal Analyses External Analyses Restorations Reconstructions

34 Quictionnnary

35

36 1995 PRESERVE LEARN ACCESS CREATE

37 CREATE EAVO European Audio Visual Observatory EBUEuropean Broadcasting Union DHANDigital Heritage Audiovisual Network

38 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge In analog mode the creation/production of each medium was different. Manuscript Scriptorium BookPrinter, Publisher FilmFilm Studio Television Television Studio

39 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge In analog mode the creation/production of each medium is different. BookPublisher USINE EoI Television Television Studio PRESTO EoI

40 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge In digital mode the creation/production of all media are potentially linked ManuscriptsFilmIntangible Customs ArchivesTelevision Dance Documents Music Ceremony Letters Born Digital Art Ritual Protocols Internet Art Performance Books Drawings Paintings Maps Cultural Objects Scientific Objects Radio

41 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge In digital mode the access modes are potentially linked to all the senses. Access via all the Senses 2D Vision 3D Vision Autostereoscopy Stereoscopy 3D Sound Haptic Smell

42 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge In digital mode the access modes are potentially linked to all devices Access via Range of Displays Cellular Phone PDA Notebook Desktop Television Screen Immersadesk Wall Screen CAVE Blue Room IMAX IMAX 3D

43 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge In digital mode the access modes potentially link: Content Context Communication

44

45 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge This requires new collaborative virtual environments for both large scale professional and personal creation, production and learning.

46 MOBILE TERMINALS … Terminale Mobile CALL CENTRE CINECA: VR and PDA The MUSE project

47 CINECA Virtual Cultural Heritage refers to the usage of Virtual Reality systems in order to generate, navigate, explore and inquire into reconstructed historical environments.

48 Data CNR ITABC Maurizio.Forte : A Network of Virtual Heritage Centres

49 Roadmap for a Solution

50 Network of Excellence (Noe) for Culture 1. Build National Networks to share critical methods and content 2. Research Matrices > Network of Networks 3. Distributed European Electronic Resource (DEER): integrate STRPs and IPs 4. European Masters and Doctorates 5. Dissemination

51 Research Matrices From Specialised Networks of Excellence towards a Network of Networks for the Entire Knowledge Production Life-Cycle.

52 PortalsUNESCO Portal European Portal Digitisation, Policy MINERVA Research and Education NoE for Culture

53 PRESERVE and ACCESS Infrastructure SoftwareOSDN HardwareERCIM Physical NetworksGEANT Content LibrariesDELOS MuseumsNEMO ArchivesEAN Broadcast MediaDHAN Unstable MediaArtnouveau + Netzspannung MusicMusicNetwork Built EnvironmentCIHV ConservationENCORE PreservationERPANET

54 PRESERVE and ACCESS Context Scientific Terms C2RMF Cultural Terms, Inventories AMP MeaningSEMKOS LanguageELSNET Space (GIS, GPS)EPISTAGE Knowledge DiscoveryKDNet 2006

55 CREATE and LEARN Visualisation, SensesCGVE InterfacesCHARIS Knowledge Management CoCoDis-KM PublicationEl-Pub E-LearningEuropean Schoolnet E-Workcf.ITW DesignGene DIP-Net GamesGAMERESEARCH-NET EntertainmentCROCE TourismTICKET EconomicsREDEEM Societal Implications EURO inc.

56 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge Need for Twofold Approach: Inductive Bottom up Examples via NoEs Deductive Top Down Examples via IPS, STRPs

57 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge S emantic access and knowledge organisation Technical Terms C2RMF 10 Culturally Variable Terms AMP 10 Semantic Terms SEMKOS 10 Translation 25 Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensions Cities CIHV, CMH10 Archaeological Sites ORION 10 Broadband Content 30

58 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge Basic Levels of integration in online access. 1. Secure 2. Secure + Multilingual 3. Secure + Multilingual + Semantic 4. Secure + Multilingual + Semantic Access + Spatio-Temporal 5. Secure + Multilingual + Semantic Access + Spatio-Temporal Access + Multimodal

59 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge Call 1: Basic principles 2: Broadband version 3: Educational and Community use

60 Two Integrating Themes for Projects 1. Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge 2. Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

61 Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge Semantic access and knowledge organisation Call 1: Basic principles Semantic access +Virtual Reference +Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensions Call 2: Broadband version Digital Libraries in a GEANT Framework (DILIGEANT) + German Digital Libraries + UK E-Science Grid digital libraries section Call 3: Educational and Community use Personal And Collaborative Education

62 Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge Collaborative creation with multimodal interfaces (CO-CREATE) Call 1: Basic principles Production Life Cycle +Virtual Environments +Virtual Heritage Centres Call 2: Broadband version + Augmented Cities and Environments + Virtual Blue Rooms for Online Production + Virtual Heritage Centres for E-Culture Grid + Link with E-Science Grid Call 3: Educational and Community use Personal And Collaborative Education + Collaborative workspaces for sharing at different levels

63 Projects (e.g.) DILIGEANT Digital Libraries CO-CREATE Collaborative Cross-Media Creativity ACE Cities, Sites and Routes PACEPersonal and Collaborative E-Learning building on DILIGEANT, CO-CREATE, ACE

64 Develop functions of the DEER 1. European Mirrored Repository (EMR) 2. Research Matrices 3. Multilingual, Semantic, Spatio-Temporal Access 4. Collaborative Workspaces (Virtual Agora) 5. Collaborative Environments for Co-Creation 6. European Masters and Doctorates 7. Dissemination 8. Exploitation.

65 NoE PRESERVE LEARN Distributed European ACCESS Electronic Resource (DEER) CREATE

66 PRESERVE NoE LEARN PACEDILIGEANT ACCESS COCREATE (ACE) CREATE

67 CO-CREATE DILIGEANT NoE ACE STRP PACE

68


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