2Essential Questions 1. What is history? 2. How does a person’s history impact his future?
3Objectives Describe life in ancient Africa and Asia. Describe the evolution of man.Aanalyze archaeological evidence and evaluate the impact on human life.List inventions created by prehistoric man.
4Definitions Evolution a process of continuous change over time History story of man’s past based on archaeological evidence
5History Historians look at two sources of information: Primary Sources are written/created in the moment.Secondary Sources are written/created long after an event has taken place.
6Telling Time B.C. = Before Christ A.D. = Anno Domini (In the Year of Our Lord)c. = circa (Sometime Around)B.C.E. = Before Common EraC.E. = Common Era5000 BC » 3000 BC » 1 BC » 1 AD » 1000 AD » 2009 AD
7Stages of Man’s Evolution Australopithecus – Southern Apec. 4 million years BCappeared in Africawalked on two legs instead of fourWhat benefits came from being able to walk on 2 legs instead of 4?Homo habilis – Handy Manc million years BCappeared in Africahas bigger brains, more intelligenceHow did a larger brain and more intelligence benefit?
8Stages of Man’s Evolution Homo erectus – Upright Manc. 1.5 million years BCappeared in Africalearned to make tools, hunt, gather food, make shelter, fire and communicatespread from Africa to Asia and later to Europe.Homo sapiens neanderthalensis – Neanderthal Manc. 120,000 BCappeared in Africa, Asia and Europefirst humans to bury their deaddied out in c. 33,000 BC as modern humans appear
9Stages of Man’s Evolution Homo sapiens sapiens – Modern Manc. 40,000 BCappeared in Africa, Asia, Europe and Australiaskillful tool makers and huntersc. 13,000 BC crossed from Asia into the Americas
10Man’s Pre-History Old Stone Age c. 2 million years ago - 10,000 BC first stone tools are madeNew Stone Agec. 8,000 BCcreated sickles and hoesMiddle Stone Agec. 10,000 BCcreated a greater variety of stone tools
11Man’s Pre-History Copper Age Iron Age c. 5,000 BC c. 1,000 BC begins in the Middle Eastmetal tools are madeIron Agec. 1,000 BCiron was used fortoolsiron was strongerthan bronzeBronze Agec. 3,000 BCCopper + Tin =Bronzestronger tools
12Think About... 1. Describe the five evolutionary phases of man. 2. List three inventions created by prehistoric man and discuss how they impact life.3. On what continent does archaeological evidence show where man first appeared?