Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 The first civilization and empires"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1 The first civilization and empires Unit 1The First Humans
2 Before history Early Stages of Development Hominids Homo Erectus 1st human-like creatures lived in Africa3-4 Million years agoAustralopithecinesHominidsHuman and other human-like creatures that walk uprightAustralopithecines were the first hominidsAble to make simple toolsHomo Erectus“Upright Human Being”1.5 Million Years AgoLarger and more varied tools
3 Homosapiens “Wise Human Being” 2 subgroups Neanderthals 1st found in Neander Valley Germany100,000 and 30,000 BCFound in Europe and Southwest AsiaRelied on Stone ToolsFirst people to buryHomo Sapiens SapiensBoth developed from homo sapiensAppeared in Africa 150,000 and 200,000 years ago30,000 Homo Sapiens Sapiens replaced NeanderthalsWhy?
5 The Hunter-Gatherers of the Old Stone Age Paleothic Age2,500,000 to 10,000 BCUsed simple stone toolsSometimes called Old Stone AgeSmall communities, fishing, hunting, gatheringLearned how to make sophisticated toolsHow to use fires, adapt and change with physical environmentNomadsPeople who move place to placeHunted animals and gathered wild plants for survivalCave paintings
6 The Neolithic revolution Neolithic RevolutionsRevolution occurred in the Neolithic Age (8,000 to 4,000 BC)New Stone AgeWhat changed?Switched from hunting and gathering to raising and keeping animalsSystematic Agriculture- growing food on a regular basisDomestication of animals added a steady source of meat, milk, and woolAgriculture revolutionWhat does this term mean?
7 The Emergence of Civilization Civilization: complex culture in which large numbers of human beings share a number of common elements6 CharacteristicsCitiesGovernmentsReligionSocial StructureWritingArtDescribe the relationship between an increase in good production and the rise of cities and governments