3Brian Cambourne’s Conditions of Learning Meets The Writing Workshop Format The Mini-LessonShortFocusedBuilds on prior learningExtends new learningImmersionSurround students with reading and writingTell stories and talk about writingNotice different kinds of writingMake wall chartsCollect words, sentences, etc.DemonstrationMODEL with literatureMODEL with student workMODEL with own writing
4Brian Cambourne’s Conditions of Learning Meets The Writing Workshop Format Time to write independentlyGuided, shared writing as appropriateConferringSmall groupsEngagementThe students are actually writing and making decisions about their writing.Students are more invested when they choose their own topics.ExpectationsStudents are expected to write every day.Students expect teachers to provide that time.Understanding the assessment rubric(s) helps students work towards high expectations.
5Brian Cambourne’s Conditions of Learning Meets The Writing Workshop Format Time to write independentlyGuided, shared writing as appropriateConferringSmall groupsResponsibilityStudents are responsible for their topics and for making decisions about their writing.Students continue to notice and share examples of good writing.Students respect other writers and the learning atmosphere.EmploymentStudents write for a variety of purposes.Students see the affect their writing can have on others.Students find ways to write for authentic purposes.
6Brian Cambourne’s Conditions of Learning Meets The Writing Workshop Format ShareTeacher and students summarize mini-lesson at the end of writing time.Students share examples of their writing that connect to mini-lesson.Teacher talks with class to set up the next day’s lessonApproximationStudents share their approximations in writing either in a conference or with the class.Love their errors!ResponseDuring conferences, teacher responds to student attempts at writing and helps take them one step further.Other students may respond to writing that is shared in a peer conference, a small group, or during a whole class share time.Writing is scored on the GCPS writing rubrics according to the standards set for each grade level.
7Notebook Considerations: Things to Think About Does it need to be portable?Does it provide a standard size page?Is it a size that will be easy for you to collect and read?Where will students put class notes?How will they personalize the notebook?Is it important to take out pages?
8Assertions About Writing Every student is a writer and has ideas she or he wants to communicate.Every student writes at his/her ability level.Writers are more interested in writing when they select their own topics.Writer’s are inspired by models, especially those created by peers.Teachers who share their writing with students provide powerful coaching.
9Assertions continuedWriters discover their voice when they read their writing aloud to their peers.Student writers should publish frequently for audiences beyond the teacher.Writing is a recursive process.Writers consider audience, purpose, and topic when they compose.Volume + Variety = Fluency
14Launching Strategies History of a Name History as a Writer Best and Worst Writing MomentsWhat Makes a Good Writer?Favorite WritersGoals for Writing
15Responding to the World Ideas …List and StarResponding to the WorldMemoriesInsert some samples to click to and copy this slide after each sample. Do the same for word choice…Write From a WordLift a LineObservations
17From Notebook to Project Students keep notebook entries and notes related to the genre being studied.Students do NOT keep drafts for projects in their notebook.Students DO look for patterns in their writing or choose a favorite entry to inspire a project.
18Revision and Editing: What’s the Difference? Editing (in school) is…* Correcting spelling.Correcting punctuation.Correcting word usage to make sentences ‘sound’ right.Correcting capitalizationRevisions can…Change content.Replace weak verbs with strong ones.Replace adjectives with specific nouns.Change sequence.Rearrange organization.Create new sentences and structures.Create mood and tension.Develop ideas.
19Revision StrategiesSpecific activities that address one quality of writing in one place at one time.Require students to identify a part of their writing to improve.Require students to rewrite more than once within their notebook.Require students to choose best revision for draft.
20Some Revision Strategies Word PlayTry 10Rule of ThreeCreating Tension3x3Seeing Into the Story
23Editing Tips for the Teacher Teaching grammar concepts is not the same as editing.Remember when you teach ‘grammar AKS’ you’re developing schema for editing.The best editing practice is with student writing. Use samples to model editing practices.Keep a specific chart listing things kids have mastered.Hold students accountable – three strikes and they’re OUT.Love their errors and use them to guide your teaching.
24Grammar and the Notebook? Include visual reminders:Subject + Predicate = SentenceNoun + Verb = Simple SentenceUse graphic organizers and glue them in the notebook for a reference.Keep lists in the notebook and on a chart.Keep kids involved.Show samples from literature.
25An Island GrowsDeep, deepBeneath the sea…Stone breaks.Water quakes.Magma glows.Volcano blows.Lava flows and flows and flows.An island grows.
26Connect grammar to literature in the notebook. What do you notice?Volcano blows.
27I SPY a two word sentence Search for other two word sentences from books or student notebooks. Keep a class chart or a running list.Identify two word sentences within longer sentences.Example: The little girl reached for her doll.
28Multi-Genre Assignment: Explain a process in a poem using two word sentences. Think of a process you can explain.Map out what happens first, second, third, etc.Create a two word sentence to explain each step. Focus on the noun and verb.Try to rhyme in an a,a,b,b pattern. Although, it’s not necessary.Use this assignment for explaining math topics, events in history, or grammar concepts.
31This is the tree, when the world was still young, that pushed up through the earth as a small, tender shoot.This is the tree, now old as a volcano, standing alone on the African plain.This is the tree with the thousand year roots that spread out to store water in a bottle-shaped trunk.This is the tree where ground squirrel watches over young, small as mushrooms, asleep in the roots.This is the tree with far-reaching branches and cool shady places for impala to dance in.This is the tree where buffalo chooses to sit sleepily chewing in the heat of the day
32Multi-Genre Assignment: Create a poster with a poem describing a place or event. Include a picture and interesting facts about your topic.Using the model, This is the Tree, write a poem using a repeating line.Using prepositional phrases, weave interesting facts into your poem about your topic.Include a picture of your topic. It may be imported, scanned, or hand drawn.Include additional information about your topic in an interesting way.
33This Is The MoonThis is the moon bright with the Sun’s light that shows up against the dark, night sky.This is the moon, whose phases tell me, where it is roaming as it orbits our planet.This is the moon, Earth’s closest neighbor, where a man’s footprints have stayed for over forty years.This is the moon, that is tangled in Earth’s gravity, and dances with the waves.This is Earth’s moon.Interesting FactsWhen the moon is getting BIGGER, it is WAXING.When the moon is getting smaller, it is waning.The moon goes through its phases about every 28 days.A blue moon is when a full moon appears twice in the same month.
34What goes IN a reader’s notebook? Literature LettersGuided Reading Notes/LessonsPromptsResponses to LiteratureComprehension Strategies?????
35How do we get kids to respond this way? Direct InstructionModel, model, modelPromptingSmall Group WorkTrial and Error
36How do we get kids to respond this way… independently?automatically?meaningfully?
37What I know is true about writing… Strategies workThinking develops over timeStudents need to own their work
38What’s True For Me About Reading (Garrett, age 9) Non-fiction is my favorite style of book because what I learn is not fake…it’s true! I like to read about penguins because they are very interesting. I like it when the dad penguin has to keep the egg warm when the mom penguin has to get food for the baby. It is a hard life for them to keep the baby alive and not freeze to death.I like to read in my head and not out loud. It is easier to read in my head than out loud. I would rather read to myself than to hear someone read to me.My second favorite style of reading is fantasy, because it is very adventurous and because Harry Potter is in that group. My third favorite style is historical fiction.
39From Notebook to Notebook Write from a wordLifting a lineQuestions: Reader to ReaderConnections: Within the Book
40Write From A WordCAMPHow does your experience of ‘camp’ compare to that of ‘camp’ in the book? How has this surprised you as a reader?
41Write From A Word: THEME What does it mean?Phrases we use with the word.Thinking Through IdeasConnect to the Story
42Connections: Within the Book Specific CharactersConnection to Main CharacterEvents in the Book
43Lifting a Line: Rereading Noticing (what was missed the first read)InferringVocabularyNew Understanding
44Write often enough to write well! Six Word Summary:Write often enough to write well!
45Rereading brings out the ‘inside’ story. Six Word Summary:Rereading brings out the ‘inside’ story.