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Positive Deviance Initiative

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Presentation on theme: "Positive Deviance Initiative"— Presentation transcript:

1 Positive Deviance Initiative
Big Problems + Small Interventions = Big Change ODNetwork February 27, 2008 Lisa Kimball Group Jazz Monique Sternin Positive Deviance Initiative

2 The P o w e r of Positive Deviance
Solutions before our very eyes The Premise: In every community there are certain individuals whose uncommon practices/behaviors enable them to find better solutions to problems than their neighbors who have access to the same resources

3 Positive Deviance (PD) Approach
The very people “whose behavior needs to change to solve the problem” identify existing solutions from within Thereby suppressing the “immune rejection response” Mention connection with other methodologies .. Part of the “positive psychology family” with Appreciative Inquiry. Part of the self-organization family with Open Space.

4 Positive Deviance Inquiry
Establishes community behavioral norms related to the problem to be addressed Enables community to discover successful uncommon behaviors/ strategies practiced by the Positive Deviants

5 Analyzing PD Findings PD Behaviors Behaviors PDI findings are passed through a conceptual “accessibility sieve” Behaviors Only those behaviors/strategies accessible to all are kept Accessible to All The rest are “TBU,” True but Useless (i.e. not accessible to all) and are discarded

6 MRSA Prevention & Eradication

7 PD Focus on Practice Rather than Knowledge
“It’s easier to ACT your way into a new way of THINKING, than to THINK your way into a new way of ACTING”

8 PD Enables us to Act TODAY
Although most problems have complex, interlinked underlying causes . . . The presence of Positive Deviants demonstrates that it is possible to find successful solutions TODAY before all the underlying causes are addressed!

9 Traditional vs PD Problem Solving Approach
Flows from problem analysis towards solution PD Flows from identification and analysis of successful solution to problem solving Actual Problem Parameters Fixed Solution Space Actual Problem Parameters Expanded Solution Space Expanded Solution Space Perceived Problem Parameters Perceived Problem Parameters Perceived Problem Parameters Actual Problem Parameters

10 PD - Complex Adaptive System
Through addressing a discrete part of a complex problem (.. a fractal of the whole) … we impact all the underlying structural issues.

11 PD: Crossing The “Knowledge/Behavior Change Gap”
Social proof Perceived advantage Opportunity for practice Behavior change Knowledge

12 Contrasting Approaches
TRADITIONAL Externally Fueled (by “experts” or internal authority) Top-down, Outside-in Deficit Based “What’s wrong here?” Begins with analysis of underlying causes of PROBLEM Solution Space limited by perceived problem parameters Triggers Immune System “defense response” POSITIVE DEVIANCE Internally Fueled (by “people like us”, same culture and resources) Down-up, Inside-out Asset Based “What’s right here?” Begins with analysis of demonstrably successful SOLUTIONS Solution Space enlarged through discovery of actual parameters Bypasses Immune System (solution shares same “DNA” as host) Adapted from Jerry Sternin

13 When to use the PD approach
Problem requires behavioral or/and social change (adaptive challenges versus technical challenges) Seemingly “intractable” problem – compelling enough to require a new approach Presence of Positive Deviants (individuals/ groups exhibiting desired outcome) Leadership commitment to address issue : “PD champions” Skilled facilitation

14 PD & The Diffusion of Innovation Life-Cycle
Community participates in discovery of innovation Thereby jumping the “early adopters/early majority” chasm Geoffrey A Moore. Crossing the Chasm.

15 PD ~ a Network Phenomenon
2005 2007 VA Pittsburgh

16 D&A Dialogues What do you know/think about ________?
What do YOU do about ______________? What keeps you from doing that all the time? Who/Where have you seen overcome those barriers? What other ideas do you have about removing barriers? (or supporting desired behavior) What has to happen next to make that happen? Who will do what when next?

17 Current Applications of Positive Deviance
Programmatic context Countries Childhood development & Malnutrition (PD/Hearth) More than 40 countries throughout the world HIV/AIDS risk reduction Myanmar, Indonesia, Viet Nam Antenatal care, Maternal & Newborn Care, Breastfeeding Egypt, Pakistan Viet Nam Female Genital Cutting Egypt Girl Trafficking Indonesia, Nepal Education Issues Argentina, US (NSDC) Quality of Health Care US (MRSA Initiatives)

18 Contact Lisa Kimball
Monique Sternin

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