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LEGO engineering in science and vocational education for street children in Kyrgyzstan Birger Brevik (HiAk – Norway) & Suyun Aidarov (UNDP – Kyrgyzstan)

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LEGO engineering in science and vocational education for street children in Kyrgyzstan Birger Brevik (HiAk – Norway) & Suyun Aidarov (UNDP – Kyrgyzstan)

Background for the contents

Teknobuss.no project (STEM) 3

4 LEGO Work Shop Bishkek Kyrgyzstan

5

Goal Content Activities Background Context Assessment STEM Analytical work: 6

Mathematics ( STEM) LEGO geometry –The height on a brick is 9,6 mm without nubs, and the distance between nubs is 8 mm. A standard eight brick has following measures: Length:4 (4 x 8 = 32 mm) Wide:2 (2 x 8 = 16 mm) Height:1 (9,6 mm) Proposing: 5 – 5 – 6 (length– wide– height) Plates is 1/3 height of an brick: 3,2 mm

Calculations Calculation of vertical distances with plates: –1 height= 9,6 mm –+ 2 1/3 heights (9,6 / 3)*2)= 6,4mm –9,6 + 6,4 = 16 mm Calculation of horizontal distances –Distance between nubs / holes = 8 mm –2 holes is 8mm x 2 = 16 mm Without plates: –5 x 9,6 mm = 48 mm –6 x 8 mm = 48 mm This is calculations for building constructions with LEGO

Pythagoras

Engineering, work process in learning Investigate the problem Find solutions Choose one solution Construct a prototype Testing the solution Documentation and presentation Reflection Defining a problem

C e n t r a l A s i a

Kyrgyzstan Capital - Bishkek (1 million) Area: 198.5 thousand sq. km., Mountains 94% (high mountains 70%), Valleys 6 % Nationalities: 54% Kyrgyz, 23% Russian, 23% other nationalities (German, Ukrainian, Kazakh, Korean, Tartar, Uigur, Uzbek, Tajik, Dungan) GDP per capita \$ US 7.500; GDP real growth 5,7% GDP is composed of 39% agriculture, 22% of industry, and 39% of services. 51% live below poverty line Sovereignty – 1991 Language: Kyrgyz – state and Russian - official

Students activities

CEEO book translated to Russian language

References Dewey, J. (1910). How We Think (Opptrykk, Kessinger Publishing ed.). New York: D. C. Heath and Company. Engeström, Y. (1996). Developmental work research as educational research, looking ten years back and into the zone of proximal development. Nordisk Pedagogik, 16(3), 131 - 143. Engeström, Y. (2008). The Activity System Retrieved November 17, 2008, from http://www.edu.helsinki.fi/activity/pages/chatanddwr/ http://www.edu.helsinki.fi/activity/pages/chatanddwr/ Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple Intelligences, New Horizons. New York: Basic Books. Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitiative Research. Chicago: Aldine. Hynes, M., & Haruna, T. (2007). Robotics, Assistive Design for the Future, Curriculum Resources (Spring 2007 ed.). Boston, USA: Tufts University Center for Engineering Educational Outreach and LEGOengineering.com. Kvale, S. (2001). Det kvalitative forskningsintervju. Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk. Papert, S. (1993). Mindstorms: Children, Computers and Powerful Ideas (2 ed.). New York: Basic Books. Postholm, M. B., & Moen, T. (2009). Forsknings- og utviklingsarbeid i skolen: metodebok for lærere, studenter og forskere. Oslo: Universitetsforl. Sjøberg, S. (2009). Naturfag som allmenndannelse, en kritisk fagdidaktikk (3 ed.). Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag AS. Wang, E. (2007). Engineering With LEGO Bricks and RoboLan, The unofficial guide to RoboLb 2.9 (3 ed.). Knoxville: College House Enterprises, LLC.

Contact information Birger Brevik PhD student Akershus University College, Norway bbrevik@hiak.no birgbrev@gmail.com Suyun Aidarov Project leader UNDP Bishkek, Kirgizstan suyun@prp.undp.kg suyunchik@yahoo.com

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