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Labor Market Situation and Policies in the Kyrgyz Republic Roman Mogilevsky Center for Social and Economic Research CASE-Kyrgyzstan Presentation on official.

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Presentation on theme: "Labor Market Situation and Policies in the Kyrgyz Republic Roman Mogilevsky Center for Social and Economic Research CASE-Kyrgyzstan Presentation on official."— Presentation transcript:

1 Labor Market Situation and Policies in the Kyrgyz Republic Roman Mogilevsky Center for Social and Economic Research CASE-Kyrgyzstan Presentation on official launch of the BSECAO, Bucharest, 23 June 2008 KYRGYZSTAN

2 Key Facts on the Kyrgyz Economy GDP per capita – current exchange rate or PPP (2007) GDP growth rate – 8.2% (2007) The largest economic sectors (2007): - Agriculture (29% of GDP) - Trade (18% of GDP) - Industry (13% of GDP) Government expenditures per capita – US$200 (2007) Poverty rate – 40% (2006)

3 Employment and Unemployment Population – 5.2 million, labor force – 2.3 million, participation rate – 65.5% (2007) Unemployment rate – 8.3%; registered unemployment rate – 3.1% (2006)

4 Employment and Unemployment (2) Dynamics of unemployment Average monthly wage – US$107 (2007) Real wage growth rate – 19% (2007)

5 Government Labor Market Policies Liberal labor legislation with some safeguards for vulnerable groups (youth, women etc.) Labor taxation: 27% payroll tax and flat 10% income tax Preferential taxation regime for small businesses, agriculture and services Unrestrictive minimum wage: US$9 per month or 12% of minimum consumption basket (2007) Limited use of active labor market policies: government expenditure on these policies are less than 0.1% GDP Very limited use of passive labor market policies: only 5% of all unemployed received unemployment benefit (while more people receive different social benefits)

6 Coping Mechanisms on Labor Market Informality - Share of informal economy in GDP: 53% (2006) - Share of official employment in total employment: 24.5% (2006) - Key sectors with informal employment: agriculture, trade, market services, light industry Migration - Number of labor migrants: thousand (11- 22% of total labor force) - Remittances: up to US$1 billion or 27% of GDP - Main destinations: Russia and Kazakhstan

7 Conclusions Kyrgyzstan, similarly to many other CIS countries, faces serious challenges of unemployment and low wages Limited resources of the government substantially reduce its ability to implement and effectiveness of active and passive labor market policies Key government strategy is to let people help themselves Informal employment and labor migration are main adjustment strategies of the population; these strategies are effective for poverty alleviation in the mid-term, but may create problems for long-term economic development of the country


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