Individualism/Privacy vs Group’s Welfare Values Personal Control over the situation vs Fate Directness/Openness/Honesty vs Indirectness/Ritual/”Face” Time & Its Control vs Human Interaction Informality vs Formality
Values Competition vs Cooperation Practicality/Efficiency vs Idealism Change vs Tradition But: Most values are subconcious and no part of our daily awareness
Have you seen differences between “home and here”? Have you adapted to cope with those differences?
Definition of Adaptation? Developing skills at a different cultural practice in order to function effectively in that culture.
Most of you have adapted!! after several stages of Culture Shock
The sense of disorientation and discomfort that comes living in a foreign culture markedly different from one’s own. Culture shock ??
Culture Shock Cycle Pre- Departure Months Normal Level of Feelings 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Return …... Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls you,now?
Reverse Culture Shock (Re-entry Shock) The often unexpected and difficult period of disorientation and readjustment...... experienced after returning to one’s own culture after an extended period of living abroad. Very few people believe they will experience reverse culture shock
You can prepare for re-entry by: Anticipating Reverse Culture Shock. “Normalizing” these phenomena. –you are not “special” –find peers with similar experience (ROTEX) considering that you may have changed:
For many of you this year was The most exciting year of your live. The most challenging year of your live. The most growth-producing year of your live. The most broadening year of your live. The most memorable year of your live.
If you talk much about these experiences you will notice that your audience will turn away from you, this happens everywhere. Tell your story to one friend at a time, point to point, so that you can tell it many times to different friends.
You may miss your hostparents and friends in the Netherlands even your bike and the weather and maybe, most of all, you will miss your exchange friends
Like in this year, you will feel lonesome somedays and not understood. But, tomorrow is another day!! “Het komt goed”
Be an ambassador for this program after some time you will recognize the benefits of this experience In an AFS study it was shown that participants in exchange programs score higher in:
understanding other cultures international awareness critical thinking non-materialism independence and responsibility for self awareness and appreciation of home country and host country the following traits