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Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic >.

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Presentation on theme: "Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic >."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic >

2 2 Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic Certification Requirements Philosophy of Officiating The Rules –Video –Common Infractions Assignment and Jurisdiction of Officials Stroke & Turn Procedures

3 3 Handouts and Forms Copy of certification requirements Part one technical rules Recommended stroke briefing Recommended jurisdiction Non-athlete registration form

4 4 S&T Certification Requirements (Summary) Certified as a timer via on-line test Attend training clinic Pass on-line test Must join USA Swimming/NES and display membership card while on deck Complete a minimum of 4 apprentice sessions of at 2 different NES-sanctioned swim meets.

5 5 Philosophy of Officiating All competitive swimming events held under USA Swimming sanction shall be conducted in accordance with the following rules that are designed to provide fair and equitable conditions of competition. –Preamble to the USA Swimming Technical Rules

6 6 Fair and Equitable Judging should be consistent among different officials at a meet Judging should be consistent at different meets All of the rules are enforced, we dont individually choose to enforce some rules and ignore others

7 7 Fair and Equitable (Contd) The rules are enforced across all age groups and levels of ability Officials should be neutral in their enforcement of the rules; dont favor one team over another, dont favor one swimmer over another

8 8 Mental Traps Advantage vs. disadvantage The twice theory We dont disqualify 8 & unders Dont ask me to judge my child Dont infer… –Call what you see, not what you dont see

9 9 Rules of Thumb The benefit of the doubt ALWAYS goes to the swimmer –No loss of yardage, foul shots, penalty box Ugly aint (necessarily) illegal Know the rules; review the rules before meets Experience, experience, experience BlackWhiteGrey IllegalLegal

10 10 The Golden Rule…

11 11 Officiating Swimming Video Clear and consistent knowledge of the rules Clarify proper interpretation of the rules as they pertain to each stroke Following slides address each stroke

12 Officiating Swimming Video Play Video Now

13 13 Butterfly Start –The forward start shall be used Stroke –After the start and each turn, the shoulders must be at or past vertical toward the breast –Swimmer is permitted one or more leg kicks, but only one arm pull under water, which must bring the swimmer to the surface –Swimmer cannot be submerged for a distance greater than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and each turn at which time the head must have broken the surface

14 14 Butterfly (Contd) –Swimmer must remain on the surface until the next turn or finish –From the beginning of the first arm pull, the body shall be kept on the breast –Both arms must be brought forward over the water and pulled back simultaneously Kick –All up and down movements of the legs and feet must be simultaneous

15 15 Butterfly (Contd) –The position of the legs or the feet need not be on the same plane, but shall not alternate in relation to each other –A scissors or breaststroke kicking movement is not permitted Turns –At each turn the body shall be on the breast –The touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above or below the water surface –Once a touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner –The shoulders must be at or past vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall

16 16 Butterfly (Contd) Finish –At the finish, the body shall be on the breast and the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above or below the water surface

17 17 Backstroke Start –The simmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end with both hands placed on the gutter or on the starting grips –Standing in or on the gutter, placing the toes above the lip of the gutter or bending the toes over the lip of the gutter before or after the start is prohibited

18 18 Backstroke (Contd) Stroke –The swimmer shall push off on his back and continue swimming on the back throughout the race except it is permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn, at the finish and for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and each turn –By that point, the head must have broken the surface of the water

19 19 Backstroke (Contd) Turns –Upon completion of each length, some part of the swimmer must touch the wall –During the turn, the shoulders may be turned past the vertical toward the breast after which a continuous simultaneous double arm pull may be used to execute the turn –The swimmer must have returned to a position on the back upon leaving the wall Finish –Upon the finish of the race, the swimmer must touch the wall while on the back

20 20 Breaststroke Start –The forward start shall be used Stroke –From the beginning of the first arm stroke after the start and after each turn, the body shall be kept on the breast –Throughout the race, the stroke cycle must be one arm stroke and one leg kick in the that order –All movements of the arms shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement

21 21 Breaststroke (Contd) –The hands shall be pushed forward together from the breast on, under or over the water –The elbows shall be in contact with the water except for the final stroke before the turn, during the turn and for the final stroke at the finish –The hands shall not be brought back beyond the hip line except during the first stroke after the start and each turn –During each complete cycle, some part of the swimmers head shall break the surface of the water

22 22 Breaststroke (Contd) –After the start and each turn, the swimmer may take one arm stroke completely back to the legs –The head must break the surface of the water before the hands turn inward at the widest part of the second stroke Kick –After the start and each turn, a single downward butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick is permitted while wholly submerged –Following which, all movements of the legs shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement

23 23 Breaststroke (Contd) –The feet must be turned outwards during the propulsive part of the kick –A scissors, flutter or downward butterfly kick is not permitted except as provided herein –Breaking the surface of the water with the feet is allowed unless followed by a downward butterfly kick

24 24 Breaststroke (Contd) Turns and Finish –At each turn and at the finish, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above or below the water surface –The head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete cycle preceding the touch

25 25 Freestyle Start –The forward start shall be used Stroke –In an event designated freestyle, the swimmer may swim any style, except that in a medley relay or an individual medley event; freestyle means any style other than butterfly, breaststroke or backstroke

26 26 Freestyle (Contd) –Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and each turn at which point the head must have broken the surface Turns –Upon completion of each length, the swimmer must touch the wall

27 27 Freestyle (Contd) Finish –The swimmer shall have finished the race when any part of the body touches the wall after completing the prescribed distance

28 28 Individual Medley The swimmer shall swim the prescribed distance in the following order: the first ¼ = butterfly, the second ¼ = backstroke, the third ¼ = breaststroke and the last ¼ = freestyle Start –The forward start shall be used Stroke –The stroke for each ¼ of the designated distance shall follow the prescribed rules for that stroke

29 29 Individual Medley (Contd) Turns –Intermediate turns within each stroke shall conform to the turn rules for that stroke –The turns when changing from one stroke to another shall conform to the finish rules for the stroke just completed and shall be as follows: Butterfly to Backstroke – The swimmer must touch as previously described. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner but the shoulders must be at or past vertical toward the back when the swimmer leaves the wall.

30 30 Individual Medley (Contd) Backstroke to Breaststroke – The swimmer must touch the wall while on the back. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner but the shoulders must be at or past vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall and prescribed breaststroke form must be attained prior to the first arm stroke. Breaststroke to Freestyle – The swimmer must touch as previously described. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner. Finish –The swimmer shall have finished the race when any part of the body touches the wall after the prescribed distance

31 31 Medley Relay Infractions Strokes not swum in proper order Violation of stroke and turn rules for each stroke The last ¼ of the race must be swum as something other than butterfly, backstroke, or breaststroke Early take-off

32 32 Freestyle Relay Infractions Violation of freestyle stroke and turn rules Early take-off

33 33 IM and MR Rules Interpretation The Rules and Regulations Committee adopted the following FINA Technical Committee interpretation regarding the freestyle leg of these events: –When a swimmer has traveled a sufficient distance that the official can with certainty judge the competitor is swimming in the style of butterfly, breaststroke or backstroke, then a DQ is appropriate.

34 34 All Strokes The Rules and Regulations Committee adopted the following parameters regarding touching the bottom during a turn: –Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner desired. Therefore, standing on the bottom after a legal touch has been made and prior to pushing off the wall should be considered part of the turn and no DQ should be called.

35 35 Additional Rules A swimmer must start and finish in the same lane Standing on the bottom during a freestyle race shall not disqualify a swimmer, but a swimmer must not leave the pool, or walk, or spring from the bottom. Standing on the bottom during any other stroke shall result in disqualification Obstructing another swimmer by swimming across or otherwise interfering shall disqualify the offender, subject to the discretion of the Referee

36 36 Additional Rules (Contd) Any swimmer not entered in a race who enters the pool during ongoing competition shall be barred from their next individual event (excludes dipping goggles/splashing) Grasping lane dividers to assist forward motion is not permitted

37 37 Referee Has full authority over all officials and shall assign and instruct them Shall enforce all applicable rules and shall decide all questions relating to the conduct of the meet Can overrule any meet official on a point of rule interpretation, or on a judgment decision pertaining to an action which the Referee has personally observed Shall give a decision on any point where the opinions of the judges differ; shall have authority to intercede in a competition at any stage, to ensure that the racing conditions are observed

38 38 Chief Judge Primarily used at championship meets Use allows Stroke & Turn officials to stay in place Will instruct and place Stroke & Turn officials as directed by the Referee

39 39 Placement and Rotation of Officials Determined by referee or chief judge Dependent upon pool configuration Dependent upon the number of officials available Generally rotate clockwise after a defined number of events

40 40 Jurisdiction of Officials Determined by Referee or Chief Judge Turn Judges –Start From the start of the race to the first complete arm stroke –Turn From the beginning of the last arm stoke before touching and ending with the completion of the first arm stroke after turning –Finish ensure that the swimmers finish according to the rules

41 41 Jurisdiction of Officials (Contd) Stroke Judges –Wall to wall from the start to the finish Equal time should be spent observing each of the swimmers within your jurisdiction If one or more lanes are empty, an equal amount of time should be spent on the empty lane(s) Your full attention should be on the swimmers when they are within your jurisdiction

42 42 Disqualifications Raise a hand overhead on observing a violation of the rules that occurs within your jurisdiction Keep your hand up long enough for the Referee/Chief Judge to see it If you raise your hand… …you dont have to make a call; if you dont raise your hand… …you cant make a call

43 43 Disqualifications (Contd) If youre hesitant in raising your hand, the call was probably too close to make The benefit of the doubt goes to the swimmer After signaling a DQ, continue to observe all the swimmers in your jurisdiction

44 44 Disqualification Reports Confirmed name of swimmer Event #, Heat #, Event name Violation –Note: Most, but not all, violations are listed on the DQ slips Your signature Referees signature

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46 46 Disqualification Reports (Contd) The Referee or Chief Judge must approve the DQ Be prepared to answer three questions: –What was your jurisdiction? Where were you physically located at the time? –What did you see? Use proper terminology –Which rule was violated?

47 47 Talking with the Swimmer We are moving away from talking with the swimmers, but if you are at a meet in which it is done, these are some general guidelines: –Inform the swimmer of the violation, dont coach –Dont touch the athlete –Age-group swimmers Get down to eye level Good, bad, good

48 48 Disputes Over Calls By Coaches/Parents Some Referees will want all questions directed towards them Other Referees will allow simple inquires to Stroke and Turn officials –Anything other than a simple inquiry goes to the Referee

49 49 Relay Takeoff Judging Dual confirmation is almost always used Referee or chief judge will assign positions When the toes of the outgoing swimmer leave the blocks, look down to see if the incoming swimmer has touched If you observe an early takeoff, mark accordingly the swimmer and lane number, do not raise your hand

50 50 Relay Takeoff Judging (Contd) Compare your observations with those of the second takeoff official; only if both agree as to the same swimmer taking off early is it a DQ All relay takeoff slips should be turned in to the referee/chief judge as part of the official record

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52 52 Judging Swimmers with Physical Disabilities Judge, in accordance with USA Swimming rules, any part of the body that is used Do not judge a part of the body that cannot be used Base your judgment on the actual rule, not the swimmers technique

53 53 Remember! The swimmer always receives the benefit of the doubt Call what you see, not what you dont see

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