Presentation on theme: "Stroke/turn judge Clinic"— Presentation transcript:
1Stroke/turn judge Clinic Wisconsin SwimmingOfficials CommitteeRev. Oct 2013
2Overview Welcome/Introductions/Purpose General Guidelines Lead/Lag ProtocolStrokesButterflyBackstrokeBreaststrokeFreestyleIMRelays
3Overview Relay Take-off Judging Place Judging Chief Judge Head Chief JudgeOther pointsWhat’s Next
4Welcome Introductions Paperwork Name Club Motivation Background Check RegistrationsRelease of Contact InfoManuals/Rule Books/Readings/DVD
5General Guidelines Purpose of Officiating Be Competent To insure fair competition among all swimmers by assuring compliance with the rules for competitive swimming and to treat each swimmer equally under those rules.Be CompetentKnow the rules. Ask for clarifications.Review rules and officiate often (nothing trumps deck time)Be professionalLooking like you know what you are doing makes people think you know what you’re doing
6General Guidelines Meet Officials Levels of Certification Meet Referee Administrative OfficialAdministrative RefereeHead Chief JudgeDeck RefereeStarterStroke/Turn OfficialsLevels of CertificationN1 – LSC CertificationN2 – Evaluation requiredN3 – Initial and final evaluations required
7General Guidelines Jurisdictions “Assigned area of responsibility” Determined by the Meet Referee in conformance with USA Swimming guidelines.Stroke Judge: Generally wall-to-wall (may be different as assigned by the Referee or Head Chief Judge)Turn End Judge: Last arm pull-to-first stroke (may be given flag-in stroke duties as assigned by the Referee or Head Chief Judge)
8General Guidelines Jurisdictions Start End/Finish Judge: From the start until swimmer surfaces, and last stroke into the finishRelay Take-off Judge: Relay take-offs only for assigned lanesDo not attempt to officiate outside of your jurisdiction
9General Guidelines When a Violation Occurs Immediately raises one hand overhead, palm openRequired by the rulesDo your thinking AFTER this signalEXCEPTION: Relay exchanges; after last swimmer of the heat leavesRecord the infractionOn the heat sheet (if supplied one)On the DQ slip (if writing own DQs)Event, heat, lane, name/team, and infraction(s)Sign the slipReport the infraction to the refereeOver the radioThrough the Chief Judge
10General Guidelines Be prepared to answer three questions: Where were you?Be in the correct position to make the callHead over the water or straight down the wall for turnsAt or just behind the swimmers hips for strokesWhat did you see?Be able to describe what you saw (without using motions)Which hand touched first?When did the swimmer submerge before the finish?What rule was broken?Know the rules (not by number)Use rule book languageRefer all questions from the coaches to the Deck or Meet Referee
11General GuidelinesDo not be offended if the Referee or Chief Judge over-rules your callIf you think you saw an infraction; you didn’tYou need to know you saw an infraction and what rule it violatedUgly swimming is not necessarily illegalThe swimmer always gets the benefit of the doubtWe are casual observers of the meet, noting infractions of the rulesWe are not looking for infractions
12General Guidelines Be aware of deck balance Mirror the deckWatch all assigned lanes all of the timeEven when no swimmer is swimmingTurn officials positionOver the laneAs assigned by the Meet Referee/Head Chief JudgeStroke official positionBehind hips of slowest assigned swimmerExcept Freestyle: Stationed at 15m markWhistle Protocol
13Lead/Lag Protocol Paired with another stroke official Never closer than six feetBreak swimmers into two groupsTake the group closest to your wallNever go past your opposite flagsNever cross your partner
16Butterfly Start The forward start shall be used. “An entry made while facing the course”Platform: At least one foot in the forward half of the blockDeck: At least one foot at the edge of the deckPool: At least one hand on the wallSwimmer must be certified by his/her coach to start from the blocks
17Butterfly StrokeAfter the start and after each turn, the swimmer’s shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the breast.The swimmer is permitted one or more leg kicks, but only one arm pull under water, which must bring the swimmer to the surface.It shall be permissible for a swimmer to be completely submerged for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and after each turn.By that point, the head must have broken the surface.
18Butterfly StrokeThe swimmer must remain on the surface until the next turn or finish.From the beginning of the first arm pull, the body shall be kept on the breast.Both arms must be brought forward over the water and pulled back simultaneously.The entire length of the arm must break the placid surface of the waterArm: Wrist to shoulder
19Butterfly KickAll up and down movements of the legs and feet must be simultaneous.The position of the legs or the feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in relation to each other.A scissors or breaststroke kicking movement is not permitted.
20Butterfly Turns At each turn the body shall be on the breast. The touch shall be made with both hands separated and simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface.Need not be in the same planeOnce a touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner desired.The shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall.Watch the feet leave the wall, then check shoulders for body orientation
21Butterfly FinishAt the finish, the body shall be on the breast and the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface.Hands need not be in the same plane
23Backstroke StartThe swimmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end, with both hands placed on the gutter or on the starting grips.Standing in or on the gutter, placing the toes above the lip of the gutter, or bending the toes over the lip of the gutter, before or after the start, is prohibited.
24Backstroke StrokeThe swimmer shall push off on his back and continue swimming on the back throughout the race.Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it is permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn, and for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and after each turn.By that point, the head must have broken the surface of the water.
25Backstroke TurnsUpon completion of each length, some part of the swimmer must touch the wall.During the turn the shoulders may be turned past the vertical toward the breast after which an immediate continuous single arm pull or an immediate continuous simultaneous double arm pull may be used to initiate the turn.The swimmer must have returned to a position on the back upon leaving the wall.Watch the feet leave the wall, then check shoulders for body orientation
26Backstroke FinishUpon the finish of the race, the swimmer must touch the wall while on the back.“The moment of touching the end of the course.”
28Breaststroke StartThe forward start shall be used.
29Breaststroke StrokeAfter the start and after each turn when the swimmer leaves the wall, the body shall be kept on the breast.It is not permitted to roll onto the back at any time.Throughout the race the stroke cycle must be one arm stroke and one leg kick in that order.All movements of the arms shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement.
30Breaststroke StrokeThe hands shall be pushed forward together from the breast on, under, or over the water.The elbows shall be under water except for the final stroke before the turn, during the turn and for the final stroke at the finish.The hands shall be brought back on or under the surface of the water.The hands shall not be brought back beyond the hip line, except during the first stroke after the start and each turn.
31Breaststroke StrokeDuring each complete cycle, some part of the swimmer’s head shall break the surface of the water.After the start and after each turn, the swimmer may take one arm stroke completely back to the legs.The head must break the surface of the water before the hands turn inward at the widest part of the second stroke.
32Breaststroke KickAfter the start and each turn, a single butterfly kick, which must be followed by a breaststroke kick, is permitted during or at the completion of the first arm pull.First arm pull begins with observable separation of the handsA pause after the separation of the hands is not a violationFollowing which, all movements of the legs shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement.The feet must be turned outwards during the propulsive part of the kick.
33Breaststroke KickA scissors, flutter or butterfly kick is not permitted except as provided herein.Breaking the surface of the water with the feet is allowed unless followed by a butterfly kick.
34Breaststroke Turns & Finish At each turn and at the finish of the race, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water level.Need not be in the same planeThe head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete cycle preceding the touch
37Freestyle StrokeIn an event designated freestyle, the swimmer may swim any style, except that in a medley relay or an individual medley event, freestyle means any style other than butterfly, breaststroke or backstroke.Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and each turn.By that point the head must have broken the surface.
38Freestyle TurnsUpon completion of each length the swimmer must touch the wall.
39Freestyle FinishThe swimmer shall have finished the race when any part of his person touches the wall after completing the prescribed distance.
41Individual Medley (IM) The swimmer shall swim the prescribed distance in the following order: the first one-fourth, butterfly; the second one-fourth, backstroke; the third one-fourth, breaststroke; and the last one-fourth, freestyle.Forward startStrokes are according to individual stroke rulesTurnsWithin a stroke treated as a turn for that strokeTransitioning between strokes treated as the finish of the first strokeFinish at end of distance
42RelaysFour swimmersEach swimmer swims one-fourth of the prescribed distanceEach stroke is swum according to the rules of the strokeIn relay races a swimmer other than the first swimmer shall not start until his/her teammate has concluded his/her leg“Start” means leaving the blocks/wallEach relay team member shall leave the water immediately upon finishing his/her leg, except the last member
45Relay Take-off Judge Relay take-off Cover assigned lanes with partner Watch waiting swimmer until leaves wall/blocksLook for touch of incoming swimmerNotate the take-off (DO NOT raise hand)Do not confer with partner until all assigned exchanges are complete“I have a potential early take-off”Partner will answer with their early take-offs (if any)Dual confirmation results in a DQ
46Place Judge Place Judge Position on side of the pool Cover all lanes Note as many as you canRecord a tie if indistinguishableResults used to resolve timing discrepencies
47Chief Judge Act as mentor to other judges Verifies all deck calls “What did you see?”“What rule was violated?”“What is your jurisdiction?”“Where were you?”Recommend judgment to refereeCommunicates between deck judges and:RefereeAnnouncerSwimmers
48Head Chief Judge Communicate with all deck officials before meet Assign positionsConduct the official’s briefingManage officials’ equipmentRadiosClipboardsPaperworkComplete DQ slips
49Other Points - General Rule Violations Unsportsmanlike conduct ( )Using objects for propulsionLane dividers (ropes) ( )Bottom of pool (during freestyle, swimmer may stand) ( )Fins, etc. ( )Interference ( and )Not completing the distance prescribedUsing watches or timing/pacing devices
50Other Points - Suit Rules We are not the swimsuit policeGeneral specsMen: Navel to kneeWomen: Collarbone to kneeOne suit only“Modesty” garmentExceptions must come from USA-S national chairmanReport infractions to the referee
51Other Points - Performance Attend and participate in all meet-related meetings assignedUniform (general; may be different per meet):Plain white polo-style shirtPlain shorts/slacks/skirtsNavy blue (USA-S/YMCA/NCAA)White (WIAA)White socksWhite rubber-soled shoes (not Crocs or similar)Control your emotionsAdmit and correct your mistakes
52Other Points - Equipment Buy multiple shirts/bottomsBring extra socks (you will get wet)RadiosAny walkie-talkie style with multiple channelsTargetScheelsGood headsetNOT for use with cell phonesMany stylesScheels huntingSome teams provide radios; don’t count on it
53Other Points - Attitude Swimming is merely a sport; it is not life-and deathTake officiating seriouslyYou are in a position of authority: Act like itAnd remember, the benefit of the doubt always goes to the swimmer
54What’s Next Complete Level 2 Background Check (every two years) Complete On-line Athlete Protection Course (annually)USA-S MembershipTake on-line tests for Stroke & Turn JudgeApprentice4 sessions (2 or more meets; 2 or more mentors—signed card)Establish relationships with other OfficialsEspecially “Lead” officialsVolunteer often everywhereRe-certUSA-S Non-Athlete Membership and APT - Every YearUSA-S Official: Refresher clinic or online re-cert test – Prior to the beginning of every even-numbered yearYMCA Official: Every three years
55On behalf of Wisconsin Swimming, its swimmers, and the Officials Committee: THANK YOU!!!