Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

May 2010 1 How to Work the presentation Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide. To start this Presentation Press F5.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "May 2010 1 How to Work the presentation Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide. To start this Presentation Press F5."— Presentation transcript:

1 May How to Work the presentation Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide. To start this Presentation Press F5 To Quit Press ESC

2 2 JUDGE OF STROKE, INSPECTOR OF TURNS & HEAD LANE TIMEKEEPER The National Officials Committee wishes to acknowledge the contributions of Swim Alberta officials and the Ontario Swimming Officials Association in the development of this presentation

3 May Function of Judge of Stroke Function of Inspector of Turns Filling out the Card or Infraction Form Head Lane Timer Overview of all Strokes Individual Medley Relay Questionnaire This clinic includes the following:

4 May Infraction vs Disqualification Infraction Report: made by an official who is qualified to judge strokes and turns, assigned to that duty, and in the proper position to observe the swimmer in his assigned area. Disqualification: made by the Referee, if an infraction report is accepted. If a PARA swimmer the Technical Official must agree.

5 May Swimmers with a Disability (PARA) Swimmers classification and exceptions allow exceptions to some rule requirements. When a Technical Official (TO), (educated in correctly judging PARA swimming), is available, he/she must approve all disqualifications of PARA swimmers. 5

6 May The Judge of Stroke

7 May Inspect the technique of the competitor Observe the turns and the finishes to assist the inspector of turns. Function of Judge of Stroke 2.Note all infractions, and report the infractions according to the process defined for that meet: Inform Referee and if a PARA swimmer the Technical Official (TO). If so instructed by the Referee inform the competitor and/or coach within 15 minutes of the completion of the heat.

8 May Judge of Stroke Inspector of Turns

9 May Observe the swimmer, Commencing from the beginning of the last armstroke before touching and ending with the completion of the first armstroke after turning 2.Note all infractions, report the infractions according to the process defined for that meet: Inform Referee and if a PARA swimmer the Technical Official (TO). If so instructed by the Referee inform the competitor and/or coach within 15 minutes of the completion of the heat. 3.May be assigned extra duty of judging relay take-over. Function of Inspector of Turns

10 May Inspector of Turns Judge of Stroke However …you may be required to judge both the stroke & turns

11 May Judge of Strokes and Inspector of Turns When serving as both you should be positioned to move between the side and the end of the pool.

12 May Inspector of Turns More typical is to find Inspector of Turns observing the turn end of the pool. Should watch a complete turn one lane at a time. Insure that you saw the infraction.

13 May Filling out the Card Write DQ clearly across the front of the card. DQ

14 May Non-simultaneous touch at the turn Bob Marley at 50 m On the back of the card; 1:25 pm Write the time of the occurrence Write the distance at which the infraction occurred Use correct wording to describe the infraction Sign the card; Print Your Name Hand-out the Quick Reference Infraction Card

15 May At Cardless Meets, Typically a form with specific locations to be completed including: The event number The heat number The lane number Swimmers name, not used at Nationals or Trials) The time of the occurrence The distance at which the potential DQ occurred Use correct wording to describe the potential DQ Sign the card Present to Referee and TO if a PARA swimmer Ensure swimmer or coach has been told Disqualification Form

16 May { { { { { { Timers Inspector of Turns Marshalling Area Head Lane Timekeeper Judge of Stroke

17 May Official acting as a Timekeeper, who is also Strokes and Turns qualified. 2. Responsibilities: Checking swimmers name for each heat. Checking the swimmers are competing in relays in the order stated on the card or lane sheet. Taking splits – ensuring that at least 2 times (splits) are taken on the first leg of a relay. Ringing the bell on distance events. Observe turns. Judge relay take-over. Head Lane Timekeeper (HLT) These are duties which the HLT may assign prior to the start of the meet. These duties remain the responsibility of the HLT

18 May Head Lane Timer Additional Responsibilities 1.Ensuring no one touches the timing pads 2.Ensure at least 2 manual times are collected for swimmers in senior events and for swimmers with disabilities (Records can be set within age groups or classifications) 3.Long Distance Events (800m and 1500m events) Verify completed lengths with Chief Timer Ensure split time for each lap is recorded Bell is rung With 2 lengths + 5 meters remaining Over the right hand lane marker Continuously from wall approach to the backstroke flags

19 May Did you know? A swimmer may, Stop and stand on the bottom of the pool only in freestyle Hang on to the lane rope (to catch their breath) only in freestyle A swimmer must remain and finish the race in the same lane in which he/she started

20 May However, A swimmer may not, Walk on the bottom of the pool Push off from the bottom of the pool Pull on the lane markers Tape on the body is not permitted unless approved by the FINA Sports Medicine Committee or in the case of a PARA swimmer, by the Technical Official If you have an internet connection you can bring up a youtube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button eVRTapaZi0&feature=related

21 May Overview of all Strokes The Start The Stroke The Turn

22 May Free, Breast, Fly and IM Starts With a dive from the starting platform. From the side of the pool if not deep enough. PARA and Master swimmers from on the platforms, beside the platforms, or in the water with one hand in contact with the end of the pool.

23 May Breaststroke SW 7 After the start & each turn ONE arm stroke is allowed past the hips. The head must break the surface of the water by the time the arms have reached the widest part of the second arm pull. After the start a swimmer MAY, during the first arm pull, take a single butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick, during which the swimmer MAY be completely submerged. The Start

24 May The Stroke Breaststroke Each stroke cycle must contain one pull and one kick in that order. During each cycle some part of the swimmers head must break the surface of the water.

25 May The Stroke Breaststroke

26 May The Stroke Breaststroke

27 May The Stroke Breaststroke The elbows shall be under the water except for…. … the final stroke before the turn, during the turn and for the final stroke at the finish.

28 May During each cycle some part of the head shall break the surface of the water The Stroke Breaststroke

29 May The feet must be turned outward in the propulsive part of the kick The Stroke Breaststroke

30 May The Stroke Breaststroke

31 May The Stroke Breaststroke

32 May The Stroke Breaststroke

33 May One more time … All movements of the arms are simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane. The Stroke Breaststroke

34 May The touch shall be a simultaneous two hand touch. The Turn. Head may be submerged. Breaststroke

35 May The Turn Breaststroke NO alternating movement.. After the turn a swimmer may, during the first arm pull, take a single butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick, the swimmer may be completely submerged.

36 May Questions? Breaststroke can bring up a you tube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button g#p/u/4/Xj8YzwB7B18 g#p/u/4/Xj8YzwB7B18 If you have an internet connection you

37 May Backstroke SW 6 The Start The swimmer is in the water facing the start end Some part of the head must break the surface by the 15m mark after the start or turn.

38 May Backstroke NO movement beyond 90 degree vertical. The Stroke Legal Not Legal

39 May The Turn At the turn, the swimmer may touch on the back and MUST leave on the back. … OR the swimmer may roll onto the breast, use a CONTINUOUS single or double arm pull to initiate the turn Kicking into the turn is allowed Backstroke

40 May The Turn Backstroke

41 May The Turn Backstroke When executing the turn, there must be a touch of the wall with some part of the body. The swimmer must leave on their back. On the back is less then 90 degrees.

42 May Backstroke The Finish At the finish of the race the swimmer MUST touch the wall while on the back. The body may be submerged at the touch.

43 May Backstroke If you have an internet connection you can bring up a you tube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button zPQ4D00&feature=related Questions?

44 May Butterfly SW 8 The Start The swimmer is allowed to take no more than one arm pull while totally submerged. This must bring the swimmer to the surface. There is no limit to the number of leg kicks allowed off the start and at each turn

45 May The Stroke Butterfly Some part of the head must break the surface of the water by 15 m after the start & each turn Both arms must be brought forward together over the water and brought backward simultaneously throughout the race.

46 May The Stroke Butterfly All up and down movements of the legs must be simultaneous. The position of the legs or feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in relation to each other.

47 May Arm recovery is over the general water level. The Stroke - Arms Butterfly

48 May The Stroke - Arms Arm Recovery is not over the water. Butterfly

49 May The Stroke - Legs Butterfly The butterfly kick is the only legal kick PARA & Master Swimmers: Breaststroke kick is allowed One leg is allowed to be carried higher than the other.

50 May The Stroke – Legs Alternating kick (flutter) is not allowed. Butterfly

51 May The Turn Must make a two hand, simultaneous touch. Arms must be recovered over the water on the touch. Butterfly This picture shows an underwater recovery which is NOT permitted Do it again?

52 placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button q7puHU&feature=related May Questions? Butterfly If you have an internet connection you can bring up a you tube video by

53 May Freestyle SW 5 The Start Some part of the head must have broken the surface by the 15m mark after the start or turn. The Stroke the swimmer may swim any style or combination – the stroke is judged as a freestyle stroke. Some part of the swimmer must break the surface throughout the race.

54 May The Turn The swimmer must touch the end wall with some part of the body during the turn. Freestyle

55 May Questions? Freestyle If you have an internet connection you can bring up a you tube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button gcJWSw&feature=related

56 May Individual Medley SW 9.1 Fly Back Breast Free All strokes, turns and finishes must be performed within the rules assigned to that stroke. Free must be any stroke other then fly, back or breast The strokes must be swum in proper sequence.

57 May Medley Relay SW 9.2 Fly Back Breast Free All strokes, turns and finishes must be performed within the rules assigned to that stroke. The swimmers must swim in proper order & strokes sequence. Free must be any stroke other then Back, Breast or Fly

58 May Medley Relay Takeovers Swimmers may start from the starting platform or the pool deck. The swimmers may start in the water (water depth, PARA, or Master Swimmer).

59 May Medley Relay Takeovers The person starting may be in motion as the swimmer arrives. The person starting may not lose contact with the platform until the arriving swimmer touches the wall.

60 May Medley Races The swimmers must swim in the proper sequence, as indicated on the relay card. Any other order is an infraction. The Free style leg must be front crawl, or a stroke other then fly, breast, or back.

61 May Medley Races If you have an internet connection you can bring up a you tube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button boSLsQ&feature=related

62 May Questionnaire Please take 30 minutes to complete the questionnaire Please use the answer sheet. We will use the questionnaire for the correct answers. Remember! There may be one or more correct answers for each question.

63 May Questionnaire If you have an internet connection you can bring up a you tube video by placing your mouse over the link below and pressing the left mouse button PdkTY&feature=related Questions?

64 May The Judge of Stroke has authority/responsibility to: a) also serve as an Inspector of Turns, if so assigned; b) file a report for any infraction of the stroke rules which he observes within his assigned zone; c) serve as lane timer, if so assigned; d) if directed by the Referee, inform the swimmer or his coach of each disqualification and provide the rationale for the DQ; e) advise swimmers of incorrect technique; f) inform the swimmer before he completes his race that he is going to be disqualified; g) confer with the Referee (TO if PARA) or other Judges of Stroke as necessary.

65 May The Inspector of Turns has the authority/responsibility to: a) observe and judge the legality of the approach, the touch and push-off of each turn in his designated lanes; b) file an report for any infractions of the turn rules which he observes within his assigned zone; c) serve as relay take-over judge, if so assigned. 3. The Judge of Stroke should be positioned: a) along the side of the pool; b) at the starting or turning end of the pool, overlooking the centre lanes; c) at the table with the Clerk of Course.

66 May The Inspector of Turns should be positioned: a) at the starting or turning end of the pool, overlooking the lanes to be judged; b) along the side of the pool, between the backstroke flags; c) at the table with the Chief Finish Judge. 5. When serving as both Judge of Strokes and Inspector of Turns, you should be positioned: a) where you can move between the side and the end of the pool; b) mid-way along each side of the pool; c) high in the stands where you can observe the entire pool.

67 May In BREASTSTROKE events, the swimmer can legally: a) swim with the head submerged for the entire race; b) swim with the head above the surface of the water at all times; c) swim with the head submerged, provided it breaks the surface of the water at least once during each complete stroke cycle; d) dive into the wall, submerging the head on the touch; e) keep the head submerged after the start or turn, providing it breaks the surface before the widest part of the second arm pull is reached; f) have the elbows above the water for the final stroke before the turns, during turns and at final stroke at the finish.

68 May In BREASTSTROKE events, the swimmer can legally: a) touch with one hand before the other at the turn; b) touch with both hands simultaneously but at different levels; c) touch with both hands simultaneously above, below or at the waters surface; d) allow the shoulders to leave the horizontal plane before completing the touch.

69 May In BREASTSTROKE events, the swimmer may: a) be on the side when coming out of a turn, after the feet lose contact with the wall, before beginning the first arm-pull; b) take two complete strokes (arm pulls and leg kicks) before breaking the surface of the water; c) use a single butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick, while wholly submerged after the start and each turn; d) permit the heels to break the surface of the water; e) use the flutter kick; f) must use the butterfly kick throughout the race g) recover the arms on, under, or over the surface of the water, providing the elbows remain beneath the surface; h) fully extend the arms backwards during each stroke cycle; i) If a PARA swimmer,take a complete stroke cycle underwater for the purpose of returning to the correct lane.

70 May In BACKSTROKE events, the swimmer may legally: a) use a simultaneous double arm pull; b) use an alternating arm stroke; c) use an inverted frog or butterfly kick; d) use a flutter kick; e) turn his shoulders past the vertical during the stroke; f) be submerged after the start and after each turn, provided the head breaks the surface of the water by the 15m mark g) turn onto the breast and immediately initiate a continuous turning motion; h) scull towards the wall, if he has missed the touch, as long as he/she did not leave the back during the turn; i) after initiating a continuous turn, lift the head to determine the walls location without interrupting the continuous nature of the turn.

71 May a) touch with both hands at the turn or finish; b) touch while on the back, roll on to the front, grab the gutter and push off on the back; c) turn before touching the end-wall with the foremost part of the body; d) turn his shoulders past the vertical at the final touch; e) dive into the wall and touch below the surface while still on the back; f) be on the breast when leaving the wall after a turn, but return to the back before starting the first leg kick; g) kick while still submerged, after a turn. h) kick during a continuous turn. 10. In BACKSTROKE events, the swimmer may:

72 May a) take more than one kick after the start and each turn before taking the first arm pull; b) use flutter kick; c) use the frog kick; d) alternate between butterfly and frog kick at will; e) swim with one leg consistently higher than the other; f) recover the arms underwater during the normal stroke cycle; g) alternate arm strokes; h) trail legs with no kicking. 11. In BUTTERFLY events, the swimmer may legally:

73 May a) kick into the wall for a touch with one or more correct leg kicks and the arms extended; b) recover the arms underwater to complete a touch; c) touch below the water line; d) touch with the hands at different levels; e) touch with one hand before the other but at same level; f) touch with one hand; g) turn on to the side before the touch; h) dip one shoulder going into the turn, before the touch; i) be on the side coming out of a turn, before beginning the first arm pull; j) complete any number of underwater arm pulls before returning to the surface after the start or a turn; k) kick while on the side before beginning the first arm pull; l) at the start and after each turn, swim submerged provided some part of the head breaks the surface of the water before the 15m mark 12. In BUTTERFLY events, the swimmer may:

74 May a) touch with one hand; b) touch with one foot; c) touch with two hands; d) use the Breaststroke; e) use the dog-paddle; f) push off on the back after a turn; g) push off the bottom after a turn; h) alternate strokes at will; i) swim submerged at the start and after each turn as long as some part of the head breaks the waters surface at or within the 15 m. 13. In FREESTYLE events, the swimmer may:

75 May a) retain the correct form of stroke until a legal touch has been completed; b) attain the correct form of the next stroke in accordance with the rules by the beginning of the first stroke; c) be free to turn in any manner after a legal touch has been made for that stroke; d) remain on the surface of the water. 14. In the INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY, when changing from one stroke to the next, the swimmer is required to:

76 May The last one-fourth of the distance in the INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY or MEDLEY RELAY: a) may be the Front Crawl; b) may be the Sidestroke; c) shall be the Front Crawl; d) shall be any stroke but the first three of the Medley. 16. The order of the strokes for the MEDLEY RELAY is: a) butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle; b) backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle.

77 May The order of the strokes for the INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY is: a) butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle; b) backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle. 18. A Judge of Stroke/Inspector of Turns may disqualify a swimmer for any stroke or turn infraction which he personally observes: a) whether or not the swimmer is in his assigned zone; b) only if the swimmer is in his assigned zone.

78 May A Judge of Stroke/Inspector of Turns shall, unless otherwise instructed, report the infraction directly (verbally) to the: a) Meet Referee; b) Chief Finish Judge; c) Session Referee/TO; d) Chief Timekeeper; e) Swimmer/coach within 15 minutes of the infraction, if so instructed by the referee.

79 May A swimmer shall be disqualified for: a) standing on the bottom of the pool except in freestyle; b) walking on the bottom of the pool in the direction of the race; c) using a stroke other than that specified for that event; d) pulling on a lane marker in the direction of the race; e) pulling along the side of the pool in the direction of the race; f) leaving the water and then re-entering to complete the race; g) holding on to a lane marker or pool wall to catch his breath, except free style; h) interfering with the progress of a swimmer in another lane; i) pushing off the bottom in the direction of the race; j) breaking the stroke or the orientation of the stroke during the race except in freestyle.

80 May In a relay event, when a relay take- over judge observes an early take- over, he should: a) immediately inform the remainder of the team that they have been disqualified; b) wait until the end of the race before informing the team about the disqualification; c) immediately inform the Referee and TO if a PARA swimmer; d) inform the Referee/TO at the end of the race.

81 May In a relay take-over, the next swimmer: a) may start from the platforms or the pool deck; b) may start in the water when circumstances warrant (water depth/PARA Swimmer); c) may be in motion before the touch is made as long as the toes are in contact with the platform or side; d) may return and touch the wall if he feels that his take-over was too early.

82 May When a Judge of Stroke/Inspector of Turns notes the details of a potential DQ on the swimmers card, he should also: a) indicate on the front of the card that the swimmer is DQd (i.e. a rubber stamp, bold diagonal line, etc.); b) sign the card; c) indicate the time the infraction occurred; d) record the distance at which the infraction occurred. NOTE: IF THERE IS ANY DOUBT, NOTE: IF THERE IS ANY DOUBT, DO NOT DISQUALIFY

83 May a) ensure that the assigned swimmer is in his lane; b) ensure that the correct time card is being used for each heat; c) determine the finish time of the winner of each heat; d) ensure that the correct times are being read and recorded in his lane; e) determine the official time for his lane (when directed by the Chief Timekeeper); f) ensure that one timer takes split times; g) determine the placing of the swimmer in his lane; h) notify the Chief Finish Judge, as directed, if the swimmer has made an apparent light touch; i) operate the lap counters in long distance events; j) judge the legality of relay take-over; k) act as Turn Inspector if qualified and assigned; l) ensure the swimmer in his lane is informed of his official time. 24. Some of the responsibilities of the Head Lane Timekeeper are to:

84 May When an automatic judging and timing system is in use, the Head Lane Timekeeper should: a) ensure that no one inadvertently contacts the touch pad; b) ensure that manual times are provided; c) transcribe the automatic time from the display board onto the time card.

85 May In long distance events, the Head Lane Timekeeper shall: a) verify the tabulation of completed lengths with the Chief Timekeeper before ringing the bell; b) delegate responsibility for tracking the number of lengths and ringing the bell to another Timekeeper; c) advise the swimmer in his lane of the number of laps he has completed; d) ensure that the split time for each lap is recorded (on the time card or other official form).

86 May The bell for the bell lap: a) shall be rung when the swimmer has two lengths and 5 meters still to be swum; b) shall be rung over the right-hand lane marker; c) shall be rung continuously as the swimmer approaches and leaves the wall (from the backstroke flags to the backstroke flags); d) shall be rung for 800m and 1500m events only.

87 May When judging takeovers, the Head Lane Timekeeper shall: a) observe the touch-out and take-off from above the lane; b) keep one finger in contact with the toe of the swimmer on the platform; c) advise DQd swimmers immediately, even before the race is completed; d) observe the take-over from the side of the pool.

88 May Always give the swimmer the benefit of the doubt. You may be deceived by a splash You must be absolutely sure.

89 May Thank you. Approved by the National Officials Committee We would like to acknowledge the initial work on the power point presentation done by Swim Ontario and Swim Alberta


Download ppt "May 2010 1 How to Work the presentation Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide. To start this Presentation Press F5."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google