Presentation on theme: "Nature v Nurture: Pick A Side! Nature: We do what we do because of our – Genetics Evolution Behavior driven by….. INSTINCT."— Presentation transcript:
Nature v Nurture: Pick A Side! Nature: We do what we do because of our – Genetics Evolution Behavior driven by….. INSTINCT
Nature v Nurture: Pick A Side! Nurture: We do what we do because of our environment– Parents / friends /teachers Society / cultural influences TV! / Other media Behavior is…. LEARNED
Nature v Nurture: History Europe John Locke & David Hume- argue for experience Rosseau & Kant – believe in immutable human nature….instinct? Sir Francis Galton Hereditary Genius in success runs in families…must be nature Monarchies – kings are kings because of birth (Cinderella, Prince & Pauper)
Nature v Nurture: History (2) Other Nature evidence Charles Darwin-Galtons cousin- Natural Selection helps species evolve…..survival of fittest William James – humans the most instinctual of animals Adolph Hitler – Aryan race would return Germany to glory….led to Holocaust
Nature v Nurture: History (3) Other Nature ideas…..United States - By 1917, fifteen US states had eugenics laws to sterilize: Epileptics the mentally ill Criminals - 3 rd International Congress in 32 discusses problems of African-Americans and needs to cut off bad stock ….Bushes & Rockefellers (http://www.trunkerton.fsnet.co.uk/Eugenics.htm)
Nature v Nurture: History (4) Nurture ideas: By 20 th Century, most American scientists lean towards nurture John B. Watson: father of modern advertising….uses Pavlovs conditioned reflex Sigmund Freud: early experiences determine later functioning B.F. Skinner: Behaviorism/Operant Conditioning – all behavior is result of rewards & punishments
Nature v Nurture: Questions How do YOU explain: Twins preferences? Sibling similarities / dis-similarities? Alcoholism, Depression & other mental illness? Food preferences / Cultural specific behavior? Fears (snakes / spiders/ people)?
Nature v Nurture: Questions (2) How do YOU explain: Language? Love? Criminal Behavior? Antisocial Behavior? Homosexuality? Religion?
Nature v Nurture: Think Nature argument If we consider genetics to determine our destiny, then why have special needs programs?
Nature v Nurture: Think (2) Nurture argument If the environment shapes our minds, then parents are to blame for troublesome children or… …….anyone can be President