Presentation on theme: "Nature v Nurture: Pick A Side!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Nature v Nurture: Pick A Side! We do what we do because of our –GeneticsEvolutionBehavior driven by…..INSTINCT
2 Nature v Nurture: Pick A Side! We do what we do because of our environment–Parents / friends /teachersSociety / cultural influencesTV! / Other mediaBehavior is….LEARNED
3 Nature v Nurture: History EuropeJohn Locke & David Hume- argue for experienceRosseau & Kant – believe in “immutable human nature”….instinct?Sir Francis Galton “Hereditary Genius” in success runs in families…must be natureMonarchies – kings are kings because of birth (Cinderella, Prince & Pauper)
4 Nature v Nurture: History(2) Other Nature “evidence”Charles Darwin-Galton’s cousin- “Natural Selection” helps species evolve…..survival of fittestWilliam James – humans the most instinctual of animalsAdolph Hitler – “Aryan race” would return Germany to glory….led to Holocaust
5 Nature v Nurture: History(3) Other Nature ideas…..United States- By 1917, fifteen US states had eugenics laws to sterilize:Epilepticsthe mentally illCriminals- 3rd International Congress in ’32 discusses “problems of African-Americans and needs to “cut off bad stock” ….Bushes & Rockefellers (http://www.trunkerton.fsnet.co.uk/Eugenics.htm)
6 Nature v Nurture: History(4) Nurture ideas:By 20th Century, most American scientists lean towards nurtureJohn B. Watson: father of modern advertising….uses Pavlov’s conditioned reflex”Sigmund Freud: early experiences determine later functioningB.F. Skinner: Behaviorism/Operant Conditioning – all behavior is result of rewards & punishments
7 Nature v Nurture: Questions How do YOU explain:Twins preferences?Sibling similarities / dis-similarities?Alcoholism, Depression & other mental illness?Food preferences / Cultural specific behavior?Fears (snakes / spiders/ people)?
8 Nature v Nurture: Questions(2) How do YOU explain:Language?Love?Criminal Behavior?Antisocial Behavior?Homosexuality?Religion?
9 Nature v Nurture: Think Nature argumentIf we consider genetics to determine our destiny, then why have special needs programs?
10 Nature v Nurture: Think(2) Nurture argumentIf the environment shapes our minds, then parents are to blame for troublesome children or……….anyone can be President