Presentation on theme: "1921-1922 Washington Naval Conference. United States Great Britain Japan France Italy Belgium China The Netherlands Portugal Who?"— Presentation transcript:
1921-1922 Washington Naval Conference
United States Great Britain Japan France Italy Belgium China The Netherlands Portugal Who?
o To discuss naval reductions and the situation in the Far East Why?
United States I.To restrain Japanese naval expansion in the waters of the west Pacific II.To eliminate Anglo-American tensions by dissolving the Anglo- Japanese alliance III.To agree on a naval ratio with Japan IV.To push Japan to accept a continuation of the Open Door Policy in China Ulterior Motives?
Great Britain I.Global position threatened by a multitude of military obligations that far exceeded possible military capacity II.To achieve peace and stability in the western Pacific III.To avoid a naval arms race with the United States IV.To stop Japanese encroachment onto British territories A.Singapore B.Hong Kong Ulterior Motives?
Japan I.To sign a naval treaty with Britain and the United States II.To obtain official recognition of Japanese presence in Manchuria and Mongolia A.Desire to remain in control of Yap, Siberia, Tsingtao
When? November 12, 1921 – February 6, 1922 o In Washington D.C. o Called by President Warren G. Harding
Three major treaties emerged from the conference 1.The Five-Power Treaty 2.The Four-Power Treaty 3.The Nine-Power Treaty What Happened? Signatories at the Washington Naval Conference
Short Term o Froze the construction of new fortifications and naval facilities in the Western Pacific o Japan was left supreme power in the Far East o Led to the decommission of several naval ships o Upheld the status quo in the Pacific Ramifications?
Long Term o Made US defense of the Philippines from a Japanese attack nearly impossible o Improved relations between the major world powers o Spread the navies of Britain and the United States widely Unfortunate consequences for China in the 1930s when the US refused to become involved with Japanese aggression o Treaties were later modified (London Naval Treaty of 1930, Second London Naval Treaty of 1936) o Led to new and innovative battleships as only certain ships were limited by the Naval Treaty Ramifications? The Hipper Class of Naval Ships were built to flout the conditions of the Washington Naval Treaty