2The Treaty of Versailles 1919The Treaty of VersaillesGermany was punished for WWIGermany wasn’t allowed to have war materials – tanks, heavy guns, military airplanes, or warshipsGermany was forced to give up colonies in Africa, islands in the pacific, and territory in EuropeGermany was ordered to pay $33 billion to the Allies for war damages
31920League of NationsThis organization was formed to prevent future wars.Member nations decided that a unanimous vote was needed to settle important problems.
4Washington Conference 1922Washington ConferencePlayers: United States, Great Britain, Japan, Italy, FranceAgreed to scrap all battleships currently under constructionPromised not to build any more battleships for 10 years
5Benito Mussolini Comes to Power 1922Benito Mussolini Comes to PowerMussolini and his followers (Fascists) gained control of the Italian governmentLarge sums of money were spent to build an army, navy and air forceOpponents were jailed, killed, or exiled
61928Kellogg-Briand Act62 Countries agreed to always settle disputes peacefully
7London Naval Conference 1930London Naval ConferenceContinues the ban that was implemented at the Washington Conference and added limits on the building of submarines, cruisers, and destroyers.
8Japan Invades Manchuria 1931Japan Invades ManchuriaJapan wanted to increase it’s land andresourcesJapan invaded and captured ManchuriaThis violated the principals of theLeague of Nations and theKellogg-Briand ActThe League of Nations could take no real action to stop the invasion.
9Adolf Hitler Comes to Power 1933Adolf Hitler Comes to Power
10Hitler and his followers (Nazis) seized power in Germany Hitler promised to win back lands that were lost in the Treaty of VersaillesIn violation of the Treaty, he ordered factories to begin making war materialsHe strengthened the army, navy, and air force, also a violation of the TreatyHe claimed that the Germans werea “master race” and meant to ruleover othersPeople who disagreed with hisactions were put into prison,tortured, killed, or exiled
11Italy Attacks Ethiopia 1935Italy Attacks EthiopiaMussolini sent troops to Africa as a first step in developing an Italian empireAgain, the League of Nations was unable to take action
12Japan Begins Ship Building Program 1935Japan Begins Ship Building ProgramJapan withdrew from the League of NationsJapan announces that it will no longer abide by the Washington and Naval agreementsJapan began building a larger navyThis prompted other countries to expand their navies too
131937 Japan Invades China For the second time in six years, Japan attacked ChinaThis time, most of China and it’sresources fell into Japanese hands.
14Germany Occupies Austria and Czechoslovakia 1938 – 1939Germany Occupies Austria and CzechoslovakiaGermany was trying to increase it’s territory.It took control of Austria and Czechoslovakia, two neighboring and weaker countries.
151939 Italy Annexes AlbaniaItaly invaded and occupied Albania after Germany promised it’s support.
161939 Germany Attacks Poland World War II Begins Hitler’s armies invaded Poland. Germany’s “blitzkrieg” or lightening warfare” combined air power, artillery, and tank assaults.Great Britain and France came to Poland’s aid and declared war on Germany. Up to now, the two had followed a policy of “appeasement,” letting Germany and Italy seize territory in order to avoid an armed conflict.
171940 Germany Conquers Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Holland, and France Germany quickly overran several countries in Western Europe. British and French soldiers, who were trying to defend France, barely escaped across the English Channel to safety in Great Britain. The “Luftwaffe,” German air force, then began massive airstrikes against London and other British cities.
19More Gains for Germany and Italy More Gains for Germany and ItalyRomania, Greece, andYugoslavia fell into the handsof Hitler and Mussolini.
20Japan Invades Indochina 1941Japan Invades IndochinaTo strengthen it’s position inSoutheast Asia, Japan moved it’sforces into Indochina. The area wasmade up of Vietnam, Laos, andCambodia. (French Indochina)
211941 Lend-Lease Act Congress passed a law giving the president the right to sell or lend warmaterials to countries fightingagainst the Axis Powers.
22Germany Attacks Russia 1941Germany Attacks RussiaHitler ordered German forces to attack Russia. Hitler was hoping for a quick victory. By September, German forces were several miles inside Russian territory.