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Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | www.it.uu.se State estimation in endocrine systems with pulsatile hormone secretion Alexander.

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Presentation on theme: "Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | www.it.uu.se State estimation in endocrine systems with pulsatile hormone secretion Alexander."— Presentation transcript:

1 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | State estimation in endocrine systems with pulsatile hormone secretion Alexander Medvedev Information Technology Uppsala University Uppsala SWEDEN Joint work with A. Churilov (S:t Petersburg State University and Zh.Zhasubaliyev (South-West State University of Russia)

2 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Outline  Vocabulary  Endocrine regulation  Mathematical model  Properties of the mathematical model  State estimation  Conclusions

3 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Why going biomedical?  New challenging control and estimation problems  Multifactoral diseases (diabetes, cancer, heart diseases, epilepsy, ect) need system approach  Many unsolved problems of life science are due to dynamical phenomena  Abundance of experimental data  High societal impact Citing Hiroaki Kitano: ”Although the road ahead is long and winding, it leads to a future where biology and medicine are transformed into precision engineering”

4 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Endocrinology  A hormone is a chemical messenger from one cell (or group of cells) to another.  Hormones are produced by nearly every organ and tissue type in a multicellular organism.  Hormones can be secreted in continuous (basal) or pulsatile (non-basal) manner.  Endocrinology deals with disorders of the endocrine system and hormones.  The use of dynamical mathematical models and methods in endocrinology is widespread  Analysis of feedback phenomena  Estimation of immeasurable hormone concentrations  Control: artificial pancreas, fertility therapies

5 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Modeling, analysis and estimation of the testosterone regulation in the male GnRH LH Te Problems addressed:  Mathematical modeling  Kinetic parameter estimation  Estimation of GnRH pulses Why?  Pulsatile secretion – general mechanism in endocrinology  Treatment of reproductive failure  Contraceptives for men  Treatment of prostate cancer  Changes in GnRH pulse frequency are related to, e. g. obesity, aging GnRH – gonadotropin releasing hormone (hypothalamus) LH – luteinizing hormone (hypophysis) Te – testosterone (testes) Te and LH serum concentration measured at 10 min sampling time in a young male

6 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Model: Pulsatile secretion x 1 – GnRH x 2 – LH x 3 - Te GnRH is released in a pulsatile manner:  k and t k are evaluated by pulse modulation algorithm: when Te rises, the pulses of GnRH become sparser and their amplitude diminishes b 1, b 2, b 3 are positive and distinct

7 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Pulse modulation in release hormone GnRH Pulse modulation (amplitude and frequency) Hormone kinetics Te  The purpose of the feedback is to generate sequences of GnRH pulses where both the amplitudes and the frequency impart biological information

8 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Complex dynamics  The model has no equilibria  Homeostasis – biological self-regulation  All the solutions are bounded  Difficult to achieve in stochastic formulations  The model exhibits multiple cycles  1-cycle always exists and unique  Chaos  Only one attractor is discovered so far

9 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Chart of dynamic modes   k – k-cycle   ∞ – chaos  N - - period doubling bifurcation curve

10 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Validation on clinical data

11 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Release hormone observer  Pulsatile release of GnRH is of high interest but not measured in the human  An observer is used for model-based estimation of GnRH concentration

12 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Synchronous observer mode

13 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Pointwise mapping

14 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Pointwise mapping  The mapping P(.) is continuous  The derivatives of P(.) w. r. t. x and t are also continuous

15 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Jacobian matrix

16 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Local asymptotic stability

17 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Simulation 2-cycle with non-zero initial conditions Chaotic solution in the plant

18 Informationsteknologi Institutionen för informationsteknologi | Conclusions  A hybrid model of hormone regulation with intrinsic impulse-modulated feedback is shown to possess complex dynamics.  An observer with a static output estimation error feedback for the closed-loop endocrine regulation model is suggested.  A condition for the state estimation error stabilizability is obtained.  Conditions for local asymptotic stability of the state estimation error under m-cycle in the endocrine plant are derived.


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