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Energy Efficiencies Opportunities for SMEs … An effective tool to sustain bottom line Tuesday, April 2, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Energy Efficiencies Opportunities for SMEs … An effective tool to sustain bottom line Tuesday, April 2, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Energy Efficiencies Opportunities for SMEs … An effective tool to sustain bottom line Tuesday, April 2, 2013

2 # Energy Scenario By 2030, Worlds energy needs would be well over 50% higher China & India together account for 45% of the increase in global primary energy demand India - one of the fastest growing economies in the world, is poised to grow at around 7% on moderate term Indias energy demand is expected to be more than double by 2030. India will need huge new power generation capacity, which needs financial & natural resources Heavy utilization of depleting conventional energy sources. Demand supply gap, continuous rise in energy tariffs / rates Indias energy intensity is higher, indicates inefficient use of energy but also substantial scope of energy savings

3 # What is Energy Efficiency & Conservation (EEC)? Energy Efficiency refers using less energy to provide better or at least same quality & productivity Energy Conservation refers to continuous group efforts made to reduce energy consumption

4 # Why EEC? Reduction in energy consumption results in energy costs reduction - improvement in bottom line Reduction in energy costs results in production cost reduction – larger market share / improvement in top line In line with legal framework – Energy Conservation Act 2001 Mandatory conduct of energy audits, once in 3 years Renewable Energy Purchase Obligation Mandatory use of renewable energy (solar & non solar), every year Perform Achieve & Trade Scheme Mandatory reduction in specific energy consumption, every year Contribution towards improving national energy security, reducing fresh power generation capacity addition & reducing global worming

5 # Energy Conservation Energy Conservation is not curtailment of energy use. Energy Conservation is minimization of wastage of energy resources. Energy Conservation is maximization of productivity of available energy resources. Energy Conservation is increased profitability for the Nation. Energy Conservation is also a social obligation. Energy Conservation By: Use of energy efficient practices. Use of energy efficient technologies. Reducing wastage – improving efficiency. Use of alternative sources of energy.

6 # Energy Saving Potential Estimated total conservation potential of the Indian industry is around 23% of the total energy used by this sector Over 5% to 8% saving is possible simply by better housekeeping and another 10% to 15% with small investment towards low - cost retrofitting, use of energy-efficiency devices and controls, etc. Quantum of saving is much higher if high cost measures like major retrofitting, process modifications, etc. are considered

7 # Following factors affect fuel economy in Industrial Furnace Complete combustion with minimum excess air Proper heat distribution Maintaining required temperature of the furnace Reduction of heat losses from furnace opening Minimizing wall losses Control of furnace draft Optimum capacity utilization Waste heat recovery from furnace flue gases Sensible heat in flue gas can be salvaged by Charge preheating Preheating of combustion air Utilizing waste heat for other process like generation of steam or hot water Factors Affecting Fuel Economy

8 # Following factors affect on furnace efficiency: Under loading due to poor hearth loading and improper production scheduling Improper designing Use of inefficient burners Absence of waste heat recovery, instruments and control Improper maintenance or operation Improper insulation or refractories Factors Affecting Furnace Performance

9 # Furnaces come in wide variety of configurations and applications. Gas and oil are the commonly used as fuel. Furnaces efficiencies depend on design, temperature and operation. Furnace temperatures vary from 600 0 C for tempering to 1200 0 C or more for forging. Higher temperature require higher gas temperature. Higher exhaust temperature, higher exhaust losses and low efficiencies. Furnace efficiencies can be 10% to 30%. A proper heat balance of a furnace is necessary to improve operations. Energy Conservation in Furnace

10 # Opportunities: Complete combustion with minimum excess air. Operation at optimum temperature. Reducing heat losses through opening. Proper insulation. Better capacity utilization. Waste heat recovery. Energy Conservation in Furnace

11 # Minimum Excess Air: Proper selection of burners, monitoring of excess air, cold air ingress control are required. Control excess air in furnaces. A 10% drop in excess air amounts to 1% saving of fuel in furnaces. For an annual consumption of 3000 kl. of furnace oil. This means a saving of Rs 3 Lacs. The following table shows the quantum of losses. Excess Air Heat loss thru flue gas 25% 48% 50% 55% 75% 63% 100% 71% Energy Conservation in Furnace (Contd.)

12 # Operate at Optimum Temperature: Provision of proper temperature control is must. Operator judgment can be erroneous. Operation at higher temp. Leads to higher losses and also quality problems. Optimum temperature of forging furnace is around 1150 0 C Minimise Wall Losses: Providing proper insulation on all surfaces is a must. Use of insulation material having low conductivity, light weight and hence low thermal mass have dramatically improved efficiencies. Can be used for 1200 0C TO 1400 0C. Energy Conservation in Furnace (Contd.)

13 # Waste Gas Heat Recovery: Waste gas temperature in furnace are much higher i.e. Approx. 600 0 C to 1200 0 C Preheating of combustion air Waste heat can be used for charge preheating. For combustion air preheating various type of regenerator, recuperator are used. Energy Conservation in Furnace (Contd.)

14 # Reduce Losses Through Opening: Observations show that a furnace operating at a temperature of Approx. 1000°C having an open door (1500mm*750mm) results in a fuel loss of 10 lit/hr. For a 4000 hrs. furnace operation this translates into a loss of approx. Rs. 4 Lacs per year. Proper closing of doors, lids etc. Is must for optimum operation. Radiation losses are given as follows: Energy Conservation in Furnace (Contd.) Temperature ( 0 C)Heat Loss kW/m 2 55525 83364 1115161 1400387

15 Thank You

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