Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Creating a Healthy Workplace Environmental Heath & Safety Department G-4 TPP 65.2.13.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Creating a Healthy Workplace Environmental Heath & Safety Department G-4 TPP 65.2.13."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creating a Healthy Workplace Environmental Heath & Safety Department G-4 TPP

2 Environmental Heath & Safety Department ERGO = work NOMICS = rules or laws Ergonomics literally means the laws of work

3 Environmental Heath & Safety Department OSHA defines ergonomics as the science of designing the job to fit the worker, instead of forcing the worker to fit the job.

4 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Ideally, good ergonomic conditions: - Make the job safer by preventing injury and illness - Make the job easier by adjusting the job to the worker - Make the job more pleasant by reducing physical and mental stress - Save money $$$

5 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Two Categories of Ergonomic Factors to be considered - Environmental conditions – your physical surroundings - Physical stressors – how your body reacts to work practices

6 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Environmental factors may affect: - Hearing - Vision - Dim lighting or glares from windows - General comfort and health - Hard seats or cramped spaces

7 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Causes of these problems are: - Excessive noise - Improper lighting - Temperature extremes - Sick Building Syndrome

8 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Physical stressors place pressure or stress on parts of the body: - Joints, muscles, nerves, tendons, bones Injuries cause by physical stressors are referred to asCumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) or Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSIs)

9 Environmental Heath & Safety Department C umulative = occurring gradually over a period of weeks, months, or years T rauma = bodily injury to nerves, tissues, tendons, or joints D isorders =conditions causing physical ailments or abnormal conditions

10 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Examples of Cumulative Trauma Disorders include: - Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Epicondylitis (tennis elbow) - Tenosynovitis (trigger finger) - Bursitis

11 Environmental Heath & Safety Department The main risk factors for office- related CTDs are: - Repetition - Awkward positions or posture - Excessive pressure or force Another risk factor for CTDs would be: Vibration

12 Environmental Heath & Safety Department The majority of CTDs are caused by repetitive motions that would not result in injury if only performed once. - Thousands of keystrokes typing - Hours of filing, day after day - Stamping dozens of papers - Frequent lifting - Repeated motions with computer mouse

13 Environmental Heath & Safety Department - Leaning forward at your desk - Typing with wrists at an odd angle - Raising shoulders while typing

14 Environmental Heath & Safety Department - Reaching to use mouse - Twisting neck to look at monitor or phone

15 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Typing with too much force or pounding the keys Stamping Lifting heavy boxes of paper or carrying office equipment Using improper grip

16 Environmental Heath & Safety Department There are simple ways to help yourself!

17 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Avoid leaning forward at your desk - Maintain natural s curve of your spine - Support lower back - Keep feet supported on floor or use a foot rest

18 Environmental Heath & Safety Department The elbows should be at a comfortable angle while "hanging" at the sides from the shoulders. The shoulders should remain relaxed in a lowered position while typing.

19 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Avoid typing with wrists at an odd angles - keep them in the neutral position, not bent up or down, or side-to- side

20 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Keyboard positioned at elbow height and flat -Avoid contact stress while typing -Use proper posture and keying technique Your arms should float over the keyboard as if playing the piano

21 Environmental Heath & Safety Department The keyboard should be slightly lower than normal desk height. - If it is not low enough, try raising your chair height. Prevent your legs from dangling by using a footrest. Keep "home row" of keys at elbow level. Adjust your chair!

22 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Position the monitor directly in front of you and about an arms length away. The top row of characters on the screen should be no higher than seated eye height Use a document holder close to the monitor Mouse should be next to the keyboard, both at a height equivalent to your seated elbow height Knees comfortably bent with feet resting on the floor. If the chair is raised so the keyboard height equals elbow height, use a foot rest to encourage sitting fully back on the chair Adjust the seat height so upper arms hang vertically, close to the body, elbows bent about 90 degrees, shoulders relaxed and wrists straight Adjust the back rest to provide firm support to the small of the back The seat pan supports the thighs but does not contact the back of the knees

23 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Do not pound the keys. Use a light touch. Use two hands to perform double key operations like Ctrl-C or Alt-F instead of twisting one hand to do it. Position frequently used equipment so that you dont have to reach for it.

24 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Place monitor in front of you, not off at an angle. Take lots of breaks to stretch and relax. Hold mouse lightly. Keep your hands and arms warm.

25 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Pay attention to the signals your body provides you. - If your neck hurts at work, examine your body position to try to figure out what might be causing the soreness. - Are you holding your neck at an awkward angle while you type or talk on the phone?

26 Environmental Heath & Safety Department 20/20 Rule Blink/refocus eyes regularly Keep monitor screen clean Regular vision care

27 Environmental Heath & Safety Department

28 Many office-related headaches are caused by eyestrain. - Dry eyes - Monitor glare - Tired/strained eye muscles

29 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Position monitor at a comfortable distance Avoid glare Adjust VDT brightness and contrast Keep screen clear of dust Look up and away every few minutes or so!

30 Environmental Heath & Safety Department There are a variety of ergonomic products available on the market, including: - Keyboards - Wrist rests - Mouse pads - Chairs - Adjustable desks - Glare screens

31 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Head sets - Recommended when on the phone for extended periods of time, receive frequent calls. - Important for people who write or use the computer while talking on the phone.

32 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Sit to stand workstations -Allows for macro changes in posture -Minimizes fatigue or discomfort associated with continuous sitting or standing -Can be beneficial for those with back pain

33 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Lifting improperly can result in -Muscle strains -Ligament sprains -Vertebral disk herniations -Abdominal hernias

34 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Plan ahead -Clear pathway to ensure safe path -Is the load to heavy to carry by yourself? Get help.

35 Environmental Heath & Safety Department Keep your feet shoulder-width apart Squat down – bend at knees and hips Keep back straight, chest out, shoulders back Hold load close to body, close to center of mass Use feet to change direction; DO NOT TWIST BODY

36 Environmental Heath & Safety Department OSHA - CDC/NIOSH – Mayo Clinic – ergonomics/MY01460


Download ppt "Creating a Healthy Workplace Environmental Heath & Safety Department G-4 TPP 65.2.13."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google