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Susan Lowman-Thomas April 2011. No pesticides Better taste Exercise.

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Presentation on theme: "Susan Lowman-Thomas April 2011. No pesticides Better taste Exercise."— Presentation transcript:

1 Susan Lowman-Thomas April 2011

2 No pesticides Better taste Exercise

3 Teach them where food comes from Give them an outside experience Help them exercise Help them eat better Pass gardening to another generation


5 90% of all fungicides & 30% of all insecticides are potentially cancer-causing agents


7 Beans (dwarf) 7-10 Beans (climbing) 7-10 Beetroot 10-14 Broad beans 10-14 Broccoli 6-10 Brussels Sprouts 6-10 Cabbage 6-10 Capsicum (Peppers) 10- 14 Carrots 10-21 Cauliflower 6-10 Celery 14-21 Chinese Cabbage 6-10 Cucumber 6-10 Eggplant 10-14 Endive 10-14 Leeks 10-14 Lettuce 6-10 Marrow 6-10 Melons 6-10 Okra 10-14 Onions 10-14 Onions (Spring) 10-14 Parsnip 21-28 Peas (Dwarf) 7-10 Pumpkin 6-10 Radish 5-8 Rhubarb 10-21 Silverbeet 10-14 Spinach 14-21 Squash 6-10 Swedes 6-10 Sweet Corn 6-10 Tomato 10-14 Turnips 6-10




11 2 tomato plants 4 lettuce plants (head lettuce such as Mesa) 12 radishes 4 lettuce plants (leaf lettuce such as Romaine) 1 bell pepper or other pepper plant 2 baby spinach plants 1 cucumber plant 2 arugula plants 2 radicchio plants 5 onions or shallots 1 Swiss chard plant

12 2 sq ft Batavia or romaine lettuce (2 plants) 2 sq ft loose-leaf lettuce (8 plants) 2 sq ft mixed greens; tatsoi, mizuna, arugula, etc. (8 plants) 1 sq ft spinach (4 plants) 1 sq ft Swiss chard or broccoli (1 plant) 2 sq ft sugar snap peas 3 sq ft radishes, carrots, green onions, baby beets, etc. 3 sq ft herbs and edible flowers 4 x 4 Garden


14 4 types: looseleaf, butterhead, romaine, and crisphead All can be planted in early spring Can be started indoors 4 to 6 weeks earlier For small space salad gardens, looseleafs are good

15 Lettuce likes: Spring A shady spot in the hotter months Fertile, well-draining soil, with organic matter Radishes, strawberries and cucumbers Lettuce dislikes: Getting too hot in full sunshine Being watered in the evening Overcrowding Slugs and snails

16 Go from seed to harvest in just 30 days Sow the seed outdoors as soon as the soil can be worked Replant new seeds every 10 days Plant radishes in narrow bands by themselves or Mix them with lettuce and spinach

17 Like other salad crops, spinach prefers to grow and develop while the weather is still cool and moist. In the early spring, sow the seeds directly in the garden and thin the young plants to stand three or four inches apart.

18 Perennial member of the onion family Produces masses of fresh greens from early spring till late fall The flowers are edible Plant chives in a corner of the garden where they wont be disturbed when you do spring soil preparation

19 Start indoors under grow lights about 6 to 8 weeks before planting Protect your plants from caterpillars by covering with row covers Or spray the plants at weekly intervals with Bacillus thuringiensis Cauliflower and Brussels sprouts often do better as fall crops so start them in midsummer

20 Swiss chard is one of the best kept secrets in the salad garden Members of the beet family Grow quickly from seed and look as home in the flower border as they do in the vegetable garden Very heat tolerant so you can harvest Swiss chard throughout the summer

21 Hardest" salad crop for many gardeners to grow Seeds can be slow to germinate Difficult to thin Sow a handful of carrot seeds in 4-inch plastic pots and starts them under grow lights Transplant each pot of carrot seedlings directly into the garden as whole units, spacing the clumps about 12 inches apart Carrots dont seem to mind being crowded into their small units

22 Carrots like: Cool, wet weather, and can be sown before the last frost has passed Lots of sunshine - choose a sunny spot but keep them well watered Fertile, sandy and well-draining soil, without loads of stones in it Onions, chives, radishes, sage and rosemary Carrots dislike: Long, hot, dry spells which bakes the ground hard Soil which is heavy, consists largely of clay or is full of stones Ground that has been prepared with manure or compost Too much nitrogen - it spoils their taste

23 Nasturiums Roses Violets Calendulas Daylilies Sage Dianthus Chrysanthemum Borage

24 Use the right pots Use fresh potting soil every year Grow vertically Use bamboo spiral stakes Dangle from a wire basket that hangs on the fence Choose easy crops, like cherry tomatoes or herbs Harvest regularly Move containers around as needed

25 1.Select a container at least 18 x 8 2.Fill the pot with a fast-draining potting soil & organic fertilizer 3.Before seeding, moisten the soil. Mix seeds in a bowl with sand (3:1, sand:seed) so they'll disperse more evenly. 4.Sow the seeds, then cover lightly with soil. 5.Gently mist the soil so as not to displace the seeds. 6.Place containers in full sun or light shade. Seeds should germinate in 7 to 10 days. 7.Harvest at least weekly






31 March 13 I snagged a bunch of reed screening from the nearest Home Depot and chopped it into smaller sizes (it came 12' tall!). I found that I needed to wrap it around last year's tomato cages to give it some shape. Rebar stakes secure the cages to the ground.









40 Covered raised beds Cold frames Containers

41 Veggies in bags Blinds for labels Garden cloches (bell jars) out of bottles Toilet paper roll or newspaper pots Toilet paper seed tape Curtain row-covers


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