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Conditioning and Storing Cut Flowers and Greens Long lasting flowers n important n pleases customer n happy customers return to the florist when they.

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Presentation on theme: "Conditioning and Storing Cut Flowers and Greens Long lasting flowers n important n pleases customer n happy customers return to the florist when they."— Presentation transcript:


2 Conditioning and Storing Cut Flowers and Greens

3 Long lasting flowers n important n pleases customer n happy customers return to the florist when they need flowers in the future

4 Chain of Life n developed by the Society of American Florists n Helps growers, wholesalers, and retailers lengthen the life of flowers

5 Chain of Life n provide information on proper care and handling throughout the marketing chain n proper care and handling results in longer lasting flowers

6 Flower deterioration n Low water absorption n most flower stems are at least partially blocked when they arrive at the retail florist

7 Causes of blockage n cutting stems with dull tools n cut with shears that pinch the xylem (water conducting tubes in the stem)

8 Causes of blockage n bacteria or minerals in the water clog the stem

9 Causes of blockage n air can enter the stems at the time of cutting and partially block the stem n can become so severe that flowers wilt in their container

10 Loss of water n transpiration n process by which plants lose water through their leaves

11 Transpiration n gases and water vapor move from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration

12 Loss of Water n water vapor moves out of the plant through the stomata (stomates) n tiny openings in the underside of the leaf

13 Loss of Water n flowers wilt when moisture is lost through transpiration quicker than it is taken in through the stems.

14 Loss of Water n occurs more rapidly at higher temperatures

15 Loss of food n flowers are still living and need a source of food

16 Loss of food n flowers continue to photosynthesize after they are cut n must be given the proper light and a source of sugar

17 Disease n Botrytis n a fungus which causes brown spots on petals

18 Botrytis n do not allow flowers to get wet before putting them in the cooler n allow wet flowers to dry before putting in the cooler

19 Ethylene Gas n naturally occurring gas in flowers that speed maturity

20 Ethylene Gas n causes rapid deterioration of cut flowers n many sources of ethylene gas

21 Ethylene Gas n fruit, especially apples n diseased or injured flowers

22 Ethylene Gas n rotting foliage below the water line n exhaust fumes from cars

23 Symptoms of ethylene n premature death n flower and petal drop n yellowing of foliage

24 Symptoms of ethylene n loss of foliage n upward cupping of petals - known as sleepiness in carnations.

25 Water quality n hydration, process where flowers draw water and nutrients up their stems to the leaves and flowers through capillaries

26 Water Quality n pH n measure of acidity or alkalinity on a scale from 0- 14 with 7 being neutral

27 pH n pH of 3.2 - 4.5 maximizes hydration n floral preservatives commonly added to prolong flower life lower the pH

28 Total Dissolved Solids n TDS n measure of the dissolved salt and minerals

29 TDS n some minerals are beneficial to flowers n floral preservatives are formulated for varying water types and pHs

30 Conditioning flowers n techniques of treating flowers to extend their life. n Begins when flowers arrive from the wholesaler

31 Unpacking n as soon as they arrive n loosen paper or plastic sleeves which they have been wrapped in

32 Unpacking n flowers will expand as they mature n flowers will be crushed if the sleeves are not loosened.

33 Unpacking n check for signs of disease, damage or wilting n remove damaged or diseased flowers from the bunch before storage

34 Unpacking n excessive damage should be reported to the wholesaler

35 Re-cut the stems n cut stems on a slant n this helps them to absorb more water n prevents the stems from sealing to the bottom of the container

36 Re-cut the stems n stems should be cut under warm water n warm water contains less air than cold water

37 Remove lower foliage n remove all foliage from stems that would be underwater in the storage container n foliage left underwater will decay and lead to bacterial growth

38 Remove lower foliage n rotting foliage clogs the stems and releases ethylene gas

39 Remove lower foliage n use de-thorners to pull the leaves off quickly down the stem n remove outside or damaged petals on roses

40 Clean Containers and Cooler n containers for flower storage should be cleaned with hot detergent solution, disinfected with bleach and thoroughly rinsed

41 Clean Containers and Cooler n a 10% bleach solution is used for disinfecting the containers

42 Clean Containers and Cooler n there are commercial products available that disinfect, clean and deodorize in one step n Non-metallic containers should be used

43 Metal Containers n decrease the effectiveness of preservatives

44 Containers n should be short enough so that the flowers do not come in contact with the sides of the container

45 Preservatives n Place a warm preservative solution in the container prior to adding flowers

46 Preservatives n temperature of the solution should be between 100 degrees and 110 degrees Farenheit

47 Preservatives n They extend the life of flowers in three ways n They provide a food source needed for respiration

48 Preservatives n They contain sugar which flowers use to manufacture food to replace that lost through respiration

49 Preservatives n They provide an acidifier which lowers the pH of the water n water moves through the vascular system of the flower at a pH of 3.5

50 Preservatives n Acidic solution reduces bacterial action n They contain a bactericide which kills bacteria

51 Preservatives n They can be purchased in either liquid or powder form n follow directions for mixing the preservative

52 Preservatives n too much preservative can burn the flower n too little will not be enough to keep flowers fresh

53 Preservatives n home made preservative can be made using 50% Sprite or 7Up, or similar drink containing citric acid

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