2The student will:Learn what photosynthesis is and how it helps plants.Learn what a plant needs for photosynthesis.
3What is photosynthesis? Plants make their own food. This process is called photosynthesis.
4Where does photosynthesis occur? Photosynthesis occurs in the leaves of a plant.
5What is needed for photosynthesis to occur? Light is needed for photosynthesis to occur. The plant’s leaves use the light to make a sugar called glucose.Carbon dioxide enters the leaf through holes called stomata
6Why do plants need glucose? Glucose is the food for the plant. It gives the plant energy to grow.
7How much glucose does a plant make? Plants make enough glucose to be used during the night and on cloudy days when they don’t get sunlight. The extra glucose is stored in the plant’s leaves and other parts.
8How does photosynthesis help us? During the process of photosynthesis, oxygen is produced. We use this oxygen to breathe.
9Why is photosynthesis important to us? We cannot make our own food (glucose, energy), we must get our food from plants.Plants are the first step in the food chain.Animals get the energy stored in plants when they eat them.
10RespirationWhen plants use the glucose and oxygen made during photosynthesis to make energy, carbon dioxide, and water for the plant, it is called respiration.Photosynthesis stores the energy and respiration releases that energy to leaves through xylem tissue.
11What is the chemical equation for cellular respiration?
12And the cycle continues…………… TranspirationTranspiration occurs when water is evaporated from the leaves through the stomata.Xylem draws more water up through the roots to replace the evaporated waterAnd the cycle continues……………
13Plants give off water from their surfaces in a process called transpiration. This water leaves through stomata, which are tiny openings on the surface of a plant and are especially abundant on the undersides of leaves. Stomata open and close to let gases in and out. Water vapor is one of the released gases.
14TranspirationSome leaves have more than a million stomata. In forests, trees need a large amount of water because about 98 percent of the water they take in is lost through the stomata.
15The leaves of tropical and temperate plants have stomata that are open longer periods of time and have larger openings than those of desert plants. In the desert, plants can survive with less water because the stomata of the plants do not open as wide and remain closed most of the time. The time stomata remain open as well as the size of their openings are largely controlled by the availability of water and of sunlight.
16As the water evaporates from leaves during transpiration, more water is pulled into the plant at the roots. The water moves from the roots to the leaves through tubelike structures called xylem tubes. The water carries nutrients through plants.