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Emerging Technologies, Access and Accommodation Mark Hale, University of Iowa Alan Vetter, Iowa State University.

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Presentation on theme: "Emerging Technologies, Access and Accommodation Mark Hale, University of Iowa Alan Vetter, Iowa State University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emerging Technologies, Access and Accommodation Mark Hale, University of Iowa Alan Vetter, Iowa State University

2 Agenda Emerging Technologies Accessibility Efforts Accommodation and Assistive Technology

3 Recently Emerged Technologies Web and Web-based services E-text iPhone/iPad and other mobile devices GPS and location-based services electronic signage instant video publishing, lecture capture, clickers, ….

4 Importance of Technology See ECAR National study of students and information technology in higher education, 2011 (just published by EDUCAUSE)

5 Technology Promise The Web – The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect. (Tim Berners-Lee) iPhone, iPad and mobile devices GPS and location-based services electronic signage instant video publishing

6 Technology Problems Badly designed web pages Visual – only presentation of content Online courses that dont provide access to screen reader programs Videos presented in classes that are not captioned Technologies not designed with accessibility in mind

7 The legal context Rehabilitation Act – accommodation ADA – accessibility NFB complaints re Kindle, Google Docs, and Penn State

8 Extension of ADA There is no doubt that the websites of state and local government entities are covered by title II of the ADA. (DOJ OCR ANPRM for web content) It is unacceptable for universities to use emerging technology without insisting that this technology be accessible to all students. (DOJ/DOE OCR Kindle letter)

9 NFB and Penn State Policy endorsing accessibility Plan for improvement, and progress Purchasing rules to avoid future problems Remediate critical problems in current environment

10 Compare to ADA for facilities Policy regarding access Remediation plan Industry standards for accessible construction

11 UI Web Accessibility Project Policy and governance Platform Support – Coordinator – Training – Web resources

12 Policy and Governance WCAG 2.0 AA for new material Units should assess, plan, and make progress – Remediate 20% a year Governance joint between CIO and VPSC Technical advisory bodies for web and media

13 Platform Drupal 7 with accessible templates Institutional assessment tool (HiSoftware Compliance Sheriff)

14 Accessibility Tools FAE WAVE toolbar SSBART Group InFocus Deque Ramp WorldSpace FireEyes Page Screamer Spider

15 Support Hired Web Accessibility Coordinator Developing and buying training Developing guidelines, to post on website

16 Universal Design as Accessibility Strategy Pedagogy, not technology, comes first Get design right up front, dont repair as an afterthought Accessibility is one part of flexibility, usability for all users

17 However, there is an important exception. For some students, the use of personal assistive technologies – e.g., an electric wheelchair, eyeglasses, or a cochlear implant – is essential for basic physical and sensory access to learning environments. Those students will need their assistive technologies, even during activities where other students may not use any technologies at all. Even in classrooms that are well equipped with UDL materials and methods, their assistive technology neither precludes nor replaces the need for UDL overall.assistive technologies

18 Accommodation Focus on individual, not resource Assistive Technology often plays a role Delivered through Disability Services office(s)

19 Software Kurzweil 3000 ReadPlease Read & Write Gold Dragon NaturallySpeaking Windows Eyes ZoomText JAWS

20 Hardware CCTV Head mounted Mouse Controller Magnification Devices Talking Calculators Talking Alarm Clocks Audio Equipment for CART captioning

21 Student Disability Resource Checkout Program (ISU) Combined effort between Student Disability Resource Office (SDR) and IT Services (ITS). SDR interviews student and determines need. If approved student is given Student Academic Accommodation Request (SAAR) to bring to Solution Center. Software is loaded on student computer or checkout computer for the semester. There is a short training session provided for students new to the program.

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23 Accommodation at Iowa SDS (in Student Life) FSDS (in HR) – Much accommodation done at local level Assistive tech support scattered – ITS lab support group – iCATER – SDS and library provide e-text Need better coordination of AT services – Proposal – half-time coordinator for assistive tech


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